nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2020‒12‒21
seven papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  1. Lean management et organisations de santé By Noura Zaghmouri
  2. Collaborative decision-making in sustainable mobility: identifying possible consensuses in the multi-actor multi-criteria analysis based on inverse mixed-integer linear optimization By Henry Huang; Yves De Smet; Cathy Macharis; Nguyen Anh Vu Doan
  3. Roles of Technology, Innovation, and Finance in Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) in Sri Lanka By Jayasooriya, Sujith
  4. How CBO Analyzes the Costs of Proposals for Single-Payer Health Care Systems That Are Based on Medicare’s Fee-for-Service Program: Working Paper 2020-08 By Congressional Budget Office
  5. Smart Policies for Smart Factories By Kim, Minho; Chung, Sunghoon; Lee, Changkeun
  6. An overview of the electrification of residential and commercial heating and cooling and prospects for decarbonisation By Fajardy, M.; Reiner, D M.
  7. Final assessment report. Assessment of development account project 14/15 BD: Strengthening the capacity of Central American and Caribbean countries in the preparation of sustainable energy policies and strategies By -

  1. By: Noura Zaghmouri (CEREFIGE - Centre Européen de Recherche en Economie Financière et Gestion des Entreprises - UL - Université de Lorraine)
    Abstract: As part of a PhD thesis in Management Sciences initiated in November 2016, we undertook a research work dedicated to managerial innovations in healthcare institutions, qualified as complex organizations. The success of any innovation is conditioned by its adoption and dissemination. The hospital establishment that carries our project is faced with the need to offer a service offering to cope with the competition. Our work focuses on the deployment of a lean approach and aims to study the managerial levers with regard to the mechanism of diffusion of this innovation within a complex organization.The literature highlights proximity management as a success factor for lean management. During a six-month immersion in a hospital located in the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg, we will observe how to mobilize the skills of the local manager and the evolution of the creation and transfer mechanism. knowledge during successive stages of the implementation ofinnovation. The stated problem conditions the methodology used based on an intervention research. The creation of knowledge results from our interactions with the actors of the organization. The first results reveal the difficulty of mobilizing skills related to the complexity of hospitals, ie their compartmentalization, and the constraints of this function.
    Abstract: Dans le cadre d'une thèse de Doctorat en Sciences de Gestion initiée en novembre 2016, nous avons entrepris un travail de recherche consacré aux innovations managérialesau sein des établissements de santé, qualifiésd'organisationscomplexes. Le succès detoute innovation est conditionné par son adoption et sa diffusion. L'établissement hospitalier qui porte notre projet est confronté à la nécessité de proposer une offre de service permettant de faire face à la concurrence. Notre travail porte sur le déploiement d'une démarche leanet a pour objet d'étudier les leviers managériaux au regard du mécanismede diffusion de cette innovationau sein d'une organisation complexe. La littérature met en évidence le management de proximitécomme facteur de réussite dulean management. Au cours d'une immersion d'une duréesix mois au sein d'un hôpital situé au Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, nous allons observer les modalités de mobilisation des compétences du manager de proximité et l'évolution dumécanisme de création et de transfert des savoirs au cours des étapes successives de l'implantation de l'innovation.La problématique énoncée conditionne la méthodologie utilisée basée sur une recherche intervention. La création de connaissances résulte de nos interactions avec lesacteurs de l'organisation. Les premiers résultats laissent émerger la difficulté de mobilisation des compétences en lien avec la complexité des hôpitaux, i.e. son cloisonnement, et les contraintes de cette fonction.
    Keywords: local management,Managerial innovation,Hospitals,lean management,hôpitaux,management de proximité,innovation managériale
    Date: 2019
  2. By: Henry Huang; Yves De Smet; Cathy Macharis; Nguyen Anh Vu Doan
    Abstract: Sustainability is a key word in modern transportation and logistics. It requires not only economic development but also environmental and social actions. The involvement of multiple stakeholders can express different perspectives and interests to achieve the balance between these three pillars. The multi-actor multi-criteria analysis (MAMCA) is a methodology that can include multiple stakeholders in the process of decision-making. It is important in the field of transport and logistic project appraisal, as many projects fail to be implemented because of a lack of support from one or more stakeholders. In MAMCA, multiple stakeholders can use different criteria trees and express their own preferences. At the end of the analysis, the advantages and disadvantages of each of the proposed scenarios are highlighted. Possible consensuses are then being discussed. However, this last step often turns out to be a difficult task. The purpose of this paper is to propose a way to help the facilitator to identify this (these) consensus(es). This will be based on the use of a weight sensitivity analysis model that was recently developed in the context of the PROMETHEE methods and which is based on inverse mixed-integer linear optimization. This approach allows finding the minimum weight modification for each stakeholder in order to improve the position of a given alternative in the individual rankings and, in an ideal case, to the first position of all the rankings simultaneously. This approach is illustrated on two real MAMCA logistic project cases to seek sustainable mobility solutions.
    Keywords: Collaborative decision making; consensus; MAMCA; multi-criteria decision aid; sustainable mobility
    Date: 2020–12–01
  3. By: Jayasooriya, Sujith
    Abstract: Roles of technology, innovation and finance in Small and Medium Enterprise (SME) sector for economic development process is critical in emerging Asia. Growth, innovation, and productivity enhancement of the SME sector is always limited, and not up to its potential in Asia; Sri Lankan SME sector is not deviated from this dilemma. The paper discusses the case of project in economic enterprises development services and its approaches in supply-side management of SMEs in Sri Lanka. A baseline evaluation survey of 1200 SMEs was conducted to identify the potential and constrains for the supply side of the SMEs to promote technology adoption, innovation and financing in line with the national SME sector development policies. The results are discussed in three distinguished theses: (i) Enabling role of the technology and finance: creating enabling environment for the smooth procedures, capacity building, venture capital, financial development and banks, credit to the private sector and loans; (ii) Facilitative role of the finance and technology: application of technology and adaptation to the skill development and connections, information flow, and financial capacity; (iii) Innovative role of the finance and technology: microfinance, microinsurance, and transactions. The evidences show that lack of access to finance and technology demotes capacity building and skill training, information flow, business environment and networking of the SMEs. Hence, integrative solutions of finance and technology increase management of risks, adoption and enhanced networking for the enterprise development. These two pillars, technology and finance, become catalyst in the supply-side of the SMEs. Provoking business environment through technology adoption and financial sector development policies improving human capital, entrepreneurship and innovation enhance the performance of SMEs to thrive sustainable growth and development.
    Keywords: Business Environment, Finance, Innovation, SMEs, Technology
    JEL: L26 L53 O14 O31 O32
    Date: 2020–11–28
  4. By: Congressional Budget Office
    Abstract: In this paper, CBO describes the methods it has developed to analyze the federal budgetary costs of proposals for single-payer health care systems that are based on the Medicare fee-for-service program. Five illustrative options show how differences in payment rates, cost sharing, and coverage of long-term services and supports under a single-payer system would affect the federal budget in 2030 and other outcomes. CBO’s projections of national health expenditures under current law are a key basis for the estimates. CBO projects that federal subsidies
    JEL: I13
    Date: 2020–12–10
  5. By: Kim, Minho; Chung, Sunghoon; Lee, Changkeun
    Abstract: Smart factories have been found to enhance the productivity of the overall production process, proving to be an appropriate policy as a key strategy for domestic manufacturing innovation. However, to maintain its effectiveness even when the scale and recipients of policy support are expanded, there should be improvements in the policy details and action plans. Above all, making factories smart requires not only the adoption of relevant technologies, but also proper management practices and organizational operations necessary to utilize the new technologies. The government should place the policy priority on helping firms to align workers' incentives with the technological change. It is also necessary to smartize the governance system of the overall manufacturing innovation strategy which include smart factories.
    Date: 2019
  6. By: Fajardy, M.; Reiner, D M.
    Abstract: Heating and cooling are responsible for over 50% of the world’s final energy consumption, and over 40% of global CO2 emissions. With an increasingly decarbonised electricity grid, the electrification of heating offers one potential alternative to the incumbent, heavily fossil-fuel dominated heating system. However, the high penetration of renewables, the high seasonality and hourly variability of heat demand, and an increasing domestic demand for energy services, including cooling, pose significant balancing challenges for both hourly system operation and the long-term investment decision planning of electricity systems. The combination of both demand-response measures and the integration of flexible systems will be required to deliver low carbon heating and cooling, while integrating an increasing share of renewable electricity, and managing peak load. We provide a global overview of the technical, economic and policy challenges and opportunities to decarbonise heating demand through electrification, in the context of rising demand for cooling services.
    Keywords: Heating, cooling, electrification, decarbonisation, peak load management, demand response
    JEL: L95 O13 Q41 Q42
    Date: 2020–12–09
  7. By: -
    Date: 2019–05

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