nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2020‒04‒13
five papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  1. The Role of Project Coordinators in European Commission Framework Programme Projects. Results of the Innovation Radar PC Survey in FP R&I Projects By James A. Cunningham; Paul O’Reilly; Daire Hooper; Daniel Nepelski; Vincent Van Roy
  2. Leadership Impact on Motivation and Commitment in Interregional Collaboration. Pilot Cases of Thematic Smart Specialisation Partnerships. By Fatime Barbara Hegyi; Laszlo Borbely; Gabor Bekesi
  3. How to implement a participatory decision support for contaminated brownfield? A case study from France By Marjorie Tendero; Béatrice Plottu
  4. Drivers of eco-innovation and economic development in the Spanish hospitality industry By Sotiriadis, Marios; Magadán-Díaz, Marta; Rivas-García, Jesús
  5. Hydraulic power project of U.S. federal government in the provinces \Case studies of four early Reclamation Projects \ By Takuro Hidaka

  1. By: James A. Cunningham (Northumbria University, Newcastle Business School); Paul O’Reilly (Technological University Dublin); Daire Hooper (Technological University Dublin); Daniel Nepelski (European Commission, Joint Research Centre); Vincent Van Roy (European Commission, Joint Research Centre)
    Abstract: This report presents key findings of the Innovation Radar Project Coordinators Survey in European Framework Programme Research and Innovation projects, a purposeful sample of European Framework Programme (FP) Project Coordinators (PC). The objective is to identify the practices and activities of PCs leading EU FP projects and to understand their impact on innovation outcomes. The survey findings confirm the lynchpin role of PCs in the European FP R&I projects. Their role clearly extends significantly beyond that identified in the Horizon 2020 User Guide which sees the PC as “the main contact point between the consortium and the Commission for a particular grant†. The PC is far more than simply “the proposal initiator in the submission phase†but taking account of their prime role in project conceptualisation and consortia formation, the PC is in effect the principal translator of the EC funded research programme and responsible for how the majority of the European research budget is invested. Identifying the PC as a scientific entrepreneur significantly changes how the PC role is viewed. Recognising the PC as a scientific entrepreneur means their engagement with the PC during the project should be less about monitoring and oversight during project implementation, and more about providing the entrepreneur with support.
    Keywords: European Commission, Framework Programme, FP7, H2020, Project Coordinators, Principal Investigators, innovation
    Date: 2020–03
  2. By: Fatime Barbara Hegyi (European Commission - JRC); Laszlo Borbely (CVI Canada); Gabor Bekesi (Budapest Business School)
    Abstract: Previous research has proposed an assessment framework that allows to evaluate the impact of leadership on motivation and commitment of cross-border collaborative actions (Hegyi et al, 2020). The assessment framework has been developed with the aim to assist leading stakeholders of interregional collaborative actions to ensure efficiency, sustainability and success of their projects in achieving their objectives. The proposed assessment framework highlights areas of leadership where adjustments or changes are needed in order to contribute to the viability of cross-border collaborative efforts. Regularly assessing the impact of leadership on the motivation and commitment of actors across participating entities contributes to the efficiency and sustainability of collaborative actions by signalling issues of motivation and commitment. Through such assessment, specific areas can be highlighted, where there is lack of motivation and commitment towards the collaboration, towards the leadership, the team or the work itself. Through regular re-assessments, effects of leadership practices or previous decisions can be measured. Interregional thematic Smart Specialisation partnerships led by visibly focused and determined lead regions with a well-defined governance structure are more likely to be successful in attaining their objectives of realising joint investment projects along shared Smart Specialisation priority areas. Thus, building on the experiences of the thematic Smart Specialisation partnerships, this research proposes to examine the role of good governance and leadership contribute to the overall sustainability and viability of the partnerships. Accordingly, the paper explores how the leadership of the thematic Smart Specialisation partnerships effect the motivation and commitment within the partnership by comparing attitudes of leaders and participants to explore the potential for more effective operation. Accordingly, in this paper, the previously proposed assessment framework is been piloted on two thematic Smart Specialisation partnerships; nevertheless the framework has been developed in a way that it can be applied to any collaborative actions that have a well-defined governance structure with designated leadership.
    Keywords: leadership, motivation, commitment, interregional collaboration, governance, assessment framework, sustainability of collaborative actions, smart specialization
    Date: 2020–03
  3. By: Marjorie Tendero (SMART - Structures et Marché Agricoles, Ressources et Territoires - AGROCAMPUS OUEST - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique); Béatrice Plottu (SMART - Structures et Marché Agricoles, Ressources et Territoires - AGROCAMPUS OUEST - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique)
    Abstract: Currently, participatory evaluation processes using multicriteria decision aids are barely used in the context of contaminated sites, even though they are a powerful tool for supporting land-use decision-making. The aim of this paper is to show how to apply such a participatory evaluation process (mixed methods) to the redevelopment of a contaminated brownfield site in France. Following the Model for the Operationalization of Democratic Evaluation (MODE), we designed a participatory process that enabled stakeholder empowerment to implement participatory multicriteria evaluations. We show that the (Elimination and Choice Expressing Reality) ELECTRE I method can be used to select consensus-based brownfield redevelopment projects and that such a participatory process can be implemented to ensure that feasible, coherent, and transparent choices are made for other brownfield redevelopment processes.
    Keywords: brownfield,ELECTRE,group decision,participatory evaluation.,Multicriteria Decision Aid (MCDA)
    Date: 2019
  4. By: Sotiriadis, Marios; Magadán-Díaz, Marta; Rivas-García, Jesús
    Abstract: Eco-innovation is a challenge for tourism industry, given the connection and interrelationship between environmental quality, economic development and business performance. Th eco-innovation plans represents a new field of research in its infancy. This paper addresses the conceptual evolution of eco-innovation to subsequently develop an analytical framework that tentatively explores this concept and its implementation in Spanish hotel companies through two basic internal characteristics of these organizations: their economic development and business performance, and their respective size, measured in terms of capacity. A qualitative research method was implied, making a set of case studies of 10 Spanish hotel groups, through documentary evidence and structured interviews. Findings suggest the influencing and determining factors for eco-innovation action.
    Keywords: Eco-innovation, economic development, environmental responsibility, hospitality industry, drivers, organizational change, Spain
    JEL: L83 Q56
    Date: 2018–10–28
  5. By: Takuro Hidaka (Graduate School of Economics, Osaka University)
    Abstract: This paper examines the continuity between nineteenth and early twentieth century public policies of the U.S. federal government with respect to the West. The development of water resources in the West, embarked upon by the federal government in the early twentieth century, has been regarded as an extension of nineteenth century economic development stimulus measures. However, there has been insufficient consideration of hydropower projects, which may have played a different role from supporting economic development, through the suppression of electricity rate by private power companies. This paper looks at the decisions made by Reclamation Bureau in early four Reclamation Projects, in response to the consultation received from the people in each area, to identify their contribution to the control of electricity rates. The results did not confirm the contribution of the bureau to the control of electricity rates and did not observe any characteristics that differed from the measures to support economic development. The continuity of nineteenth- and early twentieth-century federal public policy with respect to the West is also supported by these four case studies. However, this paper also found that the bureau had taken decisions that facilitated the formation of regional monopolies and had prepared a situation in which high electricity rates were likely to be set. The hydroelectric projects of the bureau were a supportive measure for economic development that was an extension of 19th century policy, but they also brought adverse effects.
    Keywords: Water resource development, Irrigation, Reclamation Project, Bureau of Reclamation
    JEL: N41 N42 N51 N52

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