nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2020‒02‒24
five papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  1. Wider Economic Benefits of Transport Corridors : Evidence from International Development Organizations By Alam,Muneeza Mehmood; Herrera Dappe,Matias; Melecky,Martin; Goldblatt,Ran Philip
  2. Built to Last : Sustainability of Early Childhood Education Services in Rural Indonesia By Hasan,Amer; Jung,Haeil; Kinnell,Angela; Maika,Amelia; Nakajima,Nozomi; Pradhan,Menno Prasad
  3. Planning and Policymaking for Transit-Oriented Development, Transit, and Active Transport in California Cities By Barbour, Elisa; Grover, Salvador; Lamoureaux, Yulia; Chaudhary, Gyanendra; Handy, Susan
  4. Open Access in Scientific Information: Sustainability Model and Business Plan for the Infrastructure and Organisation of OpenAIRE By Phoebe Koundouri; Nikos Chatzistamoulou; Osiel Gonzalez Davila; Amerissa Giannouli; Nikolaos Kourogenis; Anastasios Xepapadeas; Peter A. Xepapadeas
  5. Company's Business Models and NGOs: Inputs from the Partnerships Portfolio By Raphaël Maucuer; Alexandre Renaud

  1. By: Alam,Muneeza Mehmood; Herrera Dappe,Matias; Melecky,Martin; Goldblatt,Ran Philip
    Abstract: This paper collects meta data on transport corridor projects financed by the Asian Development Bank, Japan International Cooperation Agency, and World Bank and links them to one important wider economic benefit -- local economic activity. The meta data cover 47 projects in 16 countries, with appraisal dates between 1991 and 2007. First, the paper reviews the variation in project design and implementation -- including the local initial conditions, complementary non-transport interventions, and private sector involvement. Second, using the difference-in-differences methodology, the paper links this variation to a measure of local economic activity -- the geocoded intensity of nighttime lights. The effect of the supported corridor projects on local economic activity could be very heterogenous and significantly depend on certain initial conditions and project characteristics. The latter could include locations with access to the sea, as well as projects with a strong theory of change and better engagement of the private sector.
    Date: 2019–11–13
  2. By: Hasan,Amer; Jung,Haeil; Kinnell,Angela; Maika,Amelia; Nakajima,Nozomi; Pradhan,Menno Prasad
    Abstract: This paper studies the sustainability of early childhood education centers established under a large-scale, donor-funded project in rural Indonesia. Analysis of quantitative and qualitative data shows that 86 percent of the centers continued to provide preschool services three years after project funding ended. Centers balanced the reduction in funding by introducing student fees. The paper estimates a series of logistic regression models to predict center sustainability. Centers that increased their share of expenditures on teacher salaries during the project were significantly more likely to remain open. Often this was made possible by centers altering their mix of supplementary services provided. Centers that provided higher quality care, had more complementary services in the area, and had more parental involvement were significantly more likely to be sustained after donor funding ended. In contrast, centers with more substitute services in the area were less likely to be sustained. There is no evidence to suggest that distance to the village center or nearest neighboring center was a major factor for sustainability. There is also no evidence to suggest that, while they were operating, closed centers catered to children from different wealth backgrounds than those that remained open. These results point to actionable lessons for the design and sustainability of future development projects.
    Date: 2019–11–19
  3. By: Barbour, Elisa; Grover, Salvador; Lamoureaux, Yulia; Chaudhary, Gyanendra; Handy, Susan
    Abstract: This report provides research findings from the first year of a two-year research project on patterns of local policymaking in California to support transit-oriented development (TOD), transit, and active transport. The project aims to assess motivations, perceived obstacles, and priorities for development near transit, in relation to patterns of local policy adoption, from the perspective of city planners in the state’s four largest regions: the San Francisco Bay, Los Angeles, San Diego, and Sacramento metropolitan areas. This first-stage report discusses research and policy context that informed the methodology, findings from the analysis of results from an online survey of city planning directors administered in the spring of 2019, and findings from two case studies of TOD policymaking in urban central cities, namely Los Angeles and Sacramento. A sampling methodology for conducting further case studies of TOD policymaking during the upcoming second phase of the project is also described, based on findings from the first year of the research. View the NCST Project Webpage
    Keywords: Social and Behavioral Sciences, Transit-oriented development, transit, land-use planning, policy adoption
    Date: 2020–02–01
  4. By: Phoebe Koundouri; Nikos Chatzistamoulou (AUEB); Osiel Gonzalez Davila; Amerissa Giannouli; Nikolaos Kourogenis (Department of Banking and Financial Management, University of Piraeus.); Anastasios Xepapadeas; Peter A. Xepapadeas
    Abstract: In 2008 European Commission launches the Open Access Infrastructure for Research in Europe project (OpenAIRE), supporting Open Access (OA) in scientific information and research output. In this paper, we assess the economic sustainability of the OpenAIRE project. The empirical strategy is developed through a Cost-Benefit Analysis framework to evaluate and compare the costs and benefits of OpenAIRE services to provide recommendations on the project's economic efficiency and sustainability, a non-market valuation method based on the results of a 'Choice Experiment' to calculate the Total Economic Value generated by OpenAIRE and a full preference ranking approach. Findings indicate that stakeholders prefer interoperability between research platforms and output, better access to scientific results and compliance to Open Access mandates. Furthermore, net social benefits for the basic services for 15 years are at least 5 times higher than costs' present value while the potential R&D effect from research suggests even larger benefits in the long run. Subscriptions based on the estimated willingness to pay and cost, institutional subsidies and public awareness are the main recommendations for the sustainable operation of OpenAIRE. This study contributes to the literature on monetary valuation of the benefits and costs of Open Access to scientific knowledge.
    Keywords: Open Access, OpenAIRE, Research and Economic Valuation, Choice Experiment, Rank-ordered Logit, Cost Benefit Analysis
    Date: 2020–02
  5. By: Raphaël Maucuer (ESSCA - Groupe ESSCA); Alexandre Renaud (EM Normandie - École de Management de Normandie)
    Abstract: Large companies have to deal with societal challenges that threaten their development. To survive, some decide to develop diversified partnerships with non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Drawing on an in-depth case study, we identify different types of contributions of business-NGO partnerships to a multinational's strategy. At the corporate level, they participate in the management of the company's strategic activities, and at the business level, they contribute in a complementary way to the implementation of the various business models. These results open a renewed reflection on the contribution of NGOs to the company's strategy through the concept of business-NGO partnerships portfolio.
    Keywords: strategy,business models,non-governmental organizations (NGOs),partnerships,portfolio
    Date: 2019

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