nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2020‒01‒06
six papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  1. A New Approach to Business Value Driven Planning for Data Projects By Nagle, Tadhg; Sammon, David; Cleary, Walter
  2. Large-Scale Innovative Projects as Temporary Trading Zones: Toward an Interlanguage Theory By Sylvain Lenfle; Jonas Söderlund
  3. Exploring early purchasing involvement in discontinuous innovation: A dynamic capability perspective By Katia Picaud-Bello; Thomas Johnsen; Richard Calvi; Mihalis Giannakis
  4. The crowdfunding of sport -paving the way to shared sponsorship? By Marie-Josèphe Leroux-Sostenes; Emmanuel Bayle
  5. Open Smart Cities Guide V.1.0 By Lauriault, Tracey P.; Bloom, Rachel; Landry, Jean-Noé
  6. Zukunft für Geflüchtete in ländlichen Regionen Deutschlands: Integrationsrelevante Rahmenbedingungen in den Untersuchungsregionen By Osigus, Torsten; Neumeier, Stefan; Mehl, Peter

  1. By: Nagle, Tadhg; Sammon, David; Cleary, Walter
    Abstract: With the advent of new technology and digital trends, realizing value from data is a top priority for organizations. Along with this, the increased awareness that every business is a data business is beginning to take hold, especially in organizations engaging in data projects through the use of technologies such as Big Data, the Internet of Things and Advanced Analytics. However, it has been shown that there is a lack of understanding on how these projects will deliver value or benefit for the organization (LaValle et al. 2011). Or indeed, there is a lack of understanding on how to effectively manage and govern such projects and capabilities (Tallon 2013). In other words, implementing a data project does not automatically deliver business value, execute as expected, or make your organization data driven. To make your organization more effective when implementing data projects and developing a mature data capability, conversations need to be initiated between stakeholders and focus on the key problem to be solved by the data project. This focus is provided by answering six simple questions: why, what, when, who, where, and how. Yet, given the multitude of conversations that need to take place around the problem there are a lack of appropriate tools that can enable stakeholders to reach a shared understanding when planning data projects. Our research with major public and private sector organizations over the past three years has resulted in the development of a new ‘discursive template’ (c.f. Tsoukas and Chia 2002) (namely the Data Value Map - DVM to promote new transformative conversations within data projects while also producing a more rigorous and robust validation of the potential value of those projects. Moreover, this new approach is the output of four studies, which include: (i) a survey of over 50 organizations worldwide which examined the drivers, goals and barriers of data analytics, (ii) an analysis of 18 projects focused on developing data solutions, (iii) an analysis of over 100 implementations of the DVM, and (iv) one in-depth case study with multiple implementations. The objective of this paper is to present both our new approach for planning data projects along with the insights gained from these studies.
    Date: 2019–09–02
  2. By: Sylvain Lenfle (LIRSA - Laboratoire interdisciplinaire de recherche en sciences de l'action - CNAM - Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers [CNAM], i3-CRG - Centre de recherche en gestion i3 - X - École polytechnique - Université Paris-Saclay - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Jonas Söderlund (BI Norwegian Business School [Oslo])
    Date: 2019–11
  3. By: Katia Picaud-Bello; Thomas Johnsen (Audencia Recherche - Audencia Business School); Richard Calvi (IREGE - Institut de Recherche en Gestion et en Economie - USMB [Université de Savoie] [Université de Chambéry] - Université Savoie Mont Blanc); Mihalis Giannakis (Audencia Business School - Audencia Business School)
    Abstract: This paper aims to address the gap concerning our knowledge about early purchasing's involvement (EPI) in new product development (NPD) projects in contexts characterized by discontinuous innovation. We adopt a dynamic capability perspective to explore how existing sourcing and supplier relationship management capabilities are adapted when purchasing agents become involved in discontinuous innovations projects. We use an embedded case-study approach to study four NPD projects in a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) company. The case studies are based on interviews with managers and staff from the research and development, purchasing, and marketing departments, as well as suppliers involved in the projects. Our empirical findings capture emerging purchasing practices including a "reversed" sourcing process, purchasing-marketing interaction, and the coordination of "a learning atmosphere" between the R&D department and suppliers through proactive innovation meetings and creativity workshops. We derive propositions to conduct further research into the role of the purchasing department in times of discontinuous innovation. We also provide a framework of sourcing and supplier-relationship practices that firms can use when embarking on discontinuous innovation.
    Date: 2019–10
  4. By: Marie-Josèphe Leroux-Sostenes; Emmanuel Bayle (Centre de Recherche Magellan - UJML - Université Jean Moulin - Lyon III - Université de Lyon - Institut d'Administration des Entreprises (IAE) - Lyon)
    Abstract: A B S T R AC T The rise of crowdfunding as a way of funding sport projects has prompted numerous companies to become involved in these campaigns. This paper explores a model of crowdfunding in which a sponsor company supports individual projects. A qualitative study based on interviews with crowdfunding executives showed that campaigns are more likely to be successful if they include a sponsor company, and that crowdfunding platforms and the projects they support have become a new interactive, online communication tool for sponsors. Our data revealed four modes of corporate involvement in crowdfunding and fourteen objectives companies hope to achieve through this involvement. Three of these objectives can be attained exclusively via this communication tool. In addition, companies focus on five "success factors" when deciding whether or not to sponsor a crowdfunding campaign. This model of corporate-supported crowdfunding is creating a new paradigm of "shared" (by a community) sponsorship that will complement the current system of "confined" (to specific companies) sponsorship.
    Date: 2019
  5. By: Lauriault, Tracey P.; Bloom, Rachel; Landry, Jean-Noé
    Abstract: Open Smart Cities in Canada is a collaborative project. We would like to thank smart city representatives from the cities of Edmonton, Guelph, Montréal, and Ottawa and officials from the provinces of British Columbia and Ontario for sharing their time, expertise and experiences with us. Furthermore, this project benefits from contributions made by the project’s core team of experts and researchers. We are grateful to Professor Tracey P. Lauriault (Carleton University), David Fewer, LL.M., (Canadian Internet Policy and Public Interest Clinic {CIPPIC}), and Professor Mark Fox (University of Toronto) for providing their expert advice on the design of research and its outputs. Finally, we thank graduate students Stephen Letts and Carly Livingstone (Carleton University) for research assistance and editing over the course of the project. Authors: Tracey P. Lauriault (Carleton University), Rachel Bloom (OpenNorth) and Jean-Noé Landry (OpenNorth). Funded by Natural Resources Canada’s GeoConnections program in 2018.
    Date: 2018–04–01
  6. By: Osigus, Torsten; Neumeier, Stefan; Mehl, Peter
    Abstract: The joint research project „A Future for Refugees in Rural Regions of Germany” takes various per-spectives to look at whether and how the integration of refugees can be tied to rural develop-ment. The research is organized into various interacting sub-projects that analyse the integration of refugees in a total of 35 case study communities within eight rural case study counties. Sub-project 1 uses indicators to compare the framework conditions relevant for integration and ana-lyse their influence on integration efforts and successes. In this working paper, 20 indicators, di-vided into eight dimensions of integration, are introduced and analysed. The selection of the di-mensions of integration bases on the categories identified in the integration model by Ager and Strang (2008). The basis for the analyses are mainly data of the national and state statistical of-fices, the German Federal Agency for Cartography and Geodesy, and the Accessibility Model of the Thuenen Institute. For the comparative analysis mathematical averages, maximums, mini-mums and standard deviations of the single indicators are compared. In order to enable compre-hensive comparisons, a z-score is applied to the indicator values. A differentiated total picture results from the analysis, which makes especially clear the specific “strengths” and “weaknesses” of the communities and counties studied with regard to the integration relevant framework con-ditions. Interestingly, the analysis reveals that the indicator values are for the most part near the average. Overall the framework conditions relevant for integration are more homogeneous than was assumed due to the various social economic situations of the counties chosen for the case studies. In the next stage of the project, these results will be mirrored with the survey results from the other sub-projects in order to more precisely document and evaluate framework condi-tions and results relevant for the integration of refugees.
    Keywords: Labor and Human Capital, Land Economics/Use, Public Economics
    Date: 2019–12–18

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