nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2019‒12‒09
five papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  1. Determinants of Staged Project Management and Success in Innovation: Empirical Analysis based on the Japanese National Innovation Survey By HANEDA Shoko; IKEDA Yuya
  2. The Impact of Lean Thinking on the Management of Supply Chain Processes (Case Study: Building Projects Housing Foundation of Islamic Revolution in Iran, Golestan Province) By afsharniya, Mohammad
  3. Ensuring No Net Loss for people as well as biodiversity: good practice principles By Bull, Joseph; Baker, Julia; Griffiths, Victoria Frances; Jones, Julia; Milner-Gulland, E.J.
  4. The simple economics of white elephants By Juan José Ganuza; Gerard Llobet
  5. Identification of Barriers that Affect Panama NDC Target By Suarez, Ronny

  1. By: HANEDA Shoko; IKEDA Yuya
    Abstract: This empirical study examines the impact of a staged approach to management of innovation projects. This approach incorporates the threat of termination at each stage of the product development process. Under these conditions, the present study identifies firms that have abandoned and/or still have ongoing projects using a unique firm-level dataset constructed from the 2015 Japanese National Innovation Survey (J-NIS2015). Combining J-NIS with a firm-level accounting and credit information dataset, the study explores the determinants and the effects of staging of innovation processes. The study results show that R&D-intensive firms with broad collaboration and a lower debt ratio are more likely to adopt a staged approach in the product development process. Success in innovation is measured by the propensity of a firm to produce innovative products (or processes) and the ratio of innovative product sales to the total sales. Additionally, the study compared firms that did not implement staging of projects to those that employed staged project management and found that staging significantly improved innovation performance and increased the degree of radicalness.
    Date: 2019–11
  2. By: afsharniya, Mohammad
    Abstract: Present objective of the study the effects of pure thinking on the management of the supply chain housing construction projects Foundation in Gulistan province. Research methodology used in this study, descriptive and of solidarity. All statistical community managers and experts active construction projects in the time of the study can be - that their number is estimated at 370 people. The number of 189 people. For the sample was selected. In this study sampling method is random. Gathering information tool that it was standard questionnaires to confirm the validity of experts and professors expert. For reliability questionnaire Cronbach's and other related indicators used their results confirm that represents the reliability of the questionnaire. The questionnaire using factor analysis was confirmed by LISREL software. Research hypotheses were examined using multivariate regression. Research results showed that pure thinking on the management of the supply chain construction projects in the Gulistan province. It also intended to determine the value, making the uninterrupted pursuit of perfection and impact. Pure and fairly new management to reducing time, cost and waste and raising the quality of the pure of construction, and its interaction with supply chain management in order to achieve their objectives and principles.
    Date: 2018–01–23
  3. By: Bull, Joseph; Baker, Julia; Griffiths, Victoria Frances; Jones, Julia; Milner-Gulland, E.J.
    Abstract: FRENCH VERSION IN SUPPLEMENTAL MATERIALS. Development projects worldwide are increasingly required to quantify and fully mitigate their impacts on biodiversity, with an objective of achieving ‘no net loss’ or a ‘net gain’ (NNL/NG) of biodiversity overall. Seeking NNL/NG outcomes can affect people because society relies on, uses and values biodiversity. However these social impacts are often not adequately considered, even when development projects mitigate their broader social impacts. This document outlines good practice principles for addressing the social impacts that arise from all losses and gains in biodiversity from a development project and its NNL/NG activities. It aims to: • Define measurable social outcomes from biodiversity NNL/NG. • Provide a framework for assessing whether the social aspects of biodiversity NNL/NG have been designed and implemented in accordance with good practice. • Facilitate closer working between all stakeholders involved with biodiversity NNL/NG projects, especially between ecological and social specialists, throughout a project. The principles in this document are founded on international best practice that calls for development projects to achieve biodiversity NNL/NG while ensuring that affected people are ‘no worse off and preferably better off’. They are intended to set a high standard, which may be aspirational for some projects in practice. They build on existing literature and guidance, and reflect a substantial diversity of views captured during an extensive consultation process. However, we expect that they will undergo further refinement when tested in the field. The authors welcome feedback. Development projects seeking biodiversity NNL/NG should achieve an outcome whereby: People perceive the components of their wellbeing affected by biodiversity losses and gains to be at least as good as a result of the development project and associated biodiversity NNL/NG activities, than if the development had not been implemented. To achieve this the following principles should be followed: 1. Measure change in wellbeing. 2. Focus on affected people within the project’s area of influence. 3. Maintain the desired social outcomes from NNL/NG throughout the project’s lifetime. 4. Compare social outcomes from NNL/NG against an appropriate reference scenario. 5. Exceed existing obligations to achieve the desired social outcomes from NNL/NG. 6. Assess wellbeing for defined groups of people e.g. by gender or interest. 7. Benefit the people who have been affected. 8. Align the biodiversity and social objectives of NNL/NG. 9. Achieve equitable social outcomes from NNL/NG. 10. Avoid impacts on wellbeing that are deemed unacceptable by the people affected and cannot be compensated for. 11. Design and implement social aspects of NNL/NG with inclusive stakeholder engagement. 12. Ensure biodiversity and social specialists collaborate on NNL/NG. 13. Implement effective conflict-resolution mechanisms. 14. Monitor social outcomes from NNL/NG throughout. 15. Validate social outcomes from NNL/NG throughout. 16. Be transparent throughout.
    Date: 2018–11–06
  4. By: Juan José Ganuza; Gerard Llobet
    Abstract: This paper shows that the concession model discourages firms from acquiring information about the future profitability of a project. Uninformed contractors carry out good and bad projects because they are profitable in expected terms even though it would have been optimal to invest in screening them out according to their value. White elephants are identified as avoidable negative net present-value projects that are nevertheless undertaken. Institutional arrangements that limit the losses that firms can bear exacerbate this distortion. We characterize the optimal concession contract, which fosters the acquisition of information and achieves the first best by conditioning the duration of the concession to the realization of the demand and includes payments for not carrying out some projects.
    Keywords: Concession contracts, information acquisition, flexible-term concessions.
    JEL: D82 D86 H21 L51
    Date: 2019–11
  5. By: Suarez, Ronny
    Abstract: Panama defines its National Determined Contributions (NDC) in the energy sector in terms of an increase in the installed capacity of alternatives energy sources renewable (solar, wind and biomass). The literature review was used to define four categories of barriers that affect the development of renewable projects: technical, institutional, economic and social. The content analysis of the ASEP’s resolutions allowed to identify the technical barrier as the main obstacle to the deployment of energy projects.
    Keywords: NDC, Panama, Barriers, Renewable Energy, Content Analysis
    JEL: A1
    Date: 2019–11–25

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