nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2019‒01‒14
five papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  1. Complementarity of project and process management By Ahrens, Volker
  2. Collaborating Without (Formal) Organization: How Do Independent Workers Call Into Question the Matter of Organization? By Anthony Hussenot; Viviane Sergi
  3. Little less conversation, little more action: Musical intervention as aesthetic material communication By Virpi Sorsa; Heini Merkkiniemi; Nada Endrissat; Gazi Islam
  4. Exploring the Impact of R&D on Patenting Activity in Small Women-Owned and Minority-Owned Entrepreneurial Firms By Link, Albert; van Hasselt, Martijn
  5. Cost- Benefit Analysis of Zimbabwe for a Sustainable Poverty Reduction and Improvement of Food, Security, Nutrition and Hygiene Practices By Glenn P. Jenkins; Mikhail Miklyaev; Brian Matanhire; Gift Khozapi

  1. By: Ahrens, Volker
    Abstract: Project and process management are usually mixed together. In fact, on the one hand, they complement each other, on the other, they differ fundamentally and their intersection is small. Therefore, it is important to overcome the prevailing paradigm of process management and to broaden the view of the entire company organization. To this end, the present article takes up cognitive science findings that justify a distinction between tasks and problems. From this, two generic procedural models are derived, one for the completion of tasks and the other for the solution of problems. Finally, these two models are related to each other in a meta-model.
    Date: 2018
  2. By: Anthony Hussenot (DRM - Dauphine Recherches en Management - Université Paris-Dauphine - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Viviane Sergi (UQAM - Université du Québec à Montréal)
    Abstract: This chapter focuses on independent workers and on the organizational specificities of the independent workers' phenomenon. We treat independent workers as an emergent and continually shifting organizational phenomenon questioning some of our assumptions about what organizations are, and revealing trends that are currently reshaping work. We suggest viewing the independent workers' phenomenon as an open organizational phenomenon in which activities are project-oriented, temporality-oriented, and inclusive. This chapter contributes to an understanding of the independent workers' phenomenon as an organizational one that constantly (re)defines rules, roles, and statuses. It also contributes to a broader reflection on the matter of organization. Considered as an open organizational phenomenon, the independent workers' phenomenon calls the organization-society dualism into question. Finally, revealing the organizational aspects of independent workers' activities allows us to better understand some of the transformations that are nowadays affecting more traditional forms of work.
    Keywords: coworkers,digital nomads,makers,Organization,Temporality,Project,Process thinking,Transformations of work 1,Independent workers,Freelancers,Solopreneurs
    Date: 2018–11–01
  3. By: Virpi Sorsa (Hanken School of Economics - Hanken School of Economics); Heini Merkkiniemi; Nada Endrissat (BFH - Bern University of Applied Sciences); Gazi Islam (MC - Management et Comportement - Grenoble École de Management (GEM), IREGE - Institut de Recherche en Gestion et en Economie - USMB [Université de Savoie] [Université de Chambéry] - Université Savoie Mont Blanc)
    Abstract: While interest in art-based interventions is growing rapidly, little is known about the aesthetic, material, and interpersonal mechanisms by which art interventions, and musical interventions in particular, operate. We address this gap by drawing from an in-depth case study of a musical intervention in a professional ice-hockey team in Finland. At the time of the study, the organization faced a serious crisis, having lost 11 sequential games, leading its managers to search for "alternative" means for promoting social cohesion, and subsequently engaging in an arts-based musical intervention. Our findings examine how material objects and collective synchronization rhythms grounded the interpersonal interactions of team members and mediated members' attempts to transform personal subjective experiences into collective collaboration. We draw out the conceptual implications of our findings for understanding, on the one hand, the collective nature of aesthetic processes, and on the other hand, the materially mediated processes of communication. In terms of practical implication, we contribute to understanding the social dynamics and transformative organizational possibilities of artistic interventions that generate value for the organization and its members.
    Keywords: arts-based intervention,musical intervention,aesthetics,embodied communication,materiality,organizational communication
    Date: 2018–04
  4. By: Link, Albert (University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Department of Economics); van Hasselt, Martijn (University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Department of Economics)
    Abstract: The relevant economics literature on the impact of R&D on patenting activity falls within two methodological areas of inquiry. The first area might be classified as a test of the Schumpeterian hypothesis. The second and lesser research area might be classified as an estimation of the knowledge production function relationship between R&D and patenting. This paper focuses on estimates of the R&D-to-patenting relationship for a random sample of small, entrepreneurial firms whose research projects were supported through the U.S. Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program. Our paper contributes to the R&D-to-patenting literature in two ways. It examines empirically a unique set of small, entrepreneurial firms funded by the public sector, and it explores the effect of the gender and ethnicity of firm owners on the propensity of their firms to patent from funded research projects.
    Keywords: Patenting; R&D; Entrepreneurship; Gender; Minorities;
    JEL: J15 J16 L26 O32 O34
    Date: 2019–01–04
  5. By: Glenn P. Jenkins (Department of Economics, Queen's University, Kingston, Canada and Eastern Mediterranean University, North Cyprus); Mikhail Miklyaev (JDINT’L Executive Programs Department of Economics, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada, and Senior Associate/ Economist Cambridge Resources International Inc.); Brian Matanhire (Financial Analyst / Economist Cambridge Resource International Inc.); Gift Khozapi (Senior Analyst Cambridge Resources International Inc.)
    Abstract: The primary objective of this project is to enhance a sustainable reduction of rural poverty, and to improve the food security, nutrition, and hygiene of households on irrigation schemes and dry land sites. Trainings were provided for farmers to increase agricultural productivity to increase the volume of marketed surplus of cash and food crops, and improve the nutrition and hygiene of beneficiary households. The project concentrated on maize, groundnuts, green mealies, and tomatoes value chains. The CBA of these four crops cover two high- value crops of green mealies and tomatoes; and two staple food crops of maize and groundnuts. The project targeted doubling crops yields of horticultural produce.
    Keywords: CBA, Zimbabwe, value chain (CV), economic net present value (ENPV)
    JEL: D61 E2 Q13
    Date: 2018–07

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