nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2018‒06‒25
four papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  1. From knowledge to business ecosystems: emergence of an entrepreneurial activity during knowledge replication By Amel Attour; Nathalie Lazaric
  2. Design Approaches in the Public Sector: Problematizations, Actors and Transformations in the French Administration By Jean-Marc Weller; Frédérique Pallez; Emmanuel Coblence
  3. Managerial Flexibility in Levelized Cost Measures: A Framework for Incorporating Uncertainty in Energy Investment Decisions By Bistline, John E.; Comello, Stephen D.; Sahoo, Anshuman
  4. Road safety and economic development: analysis of the Algerian case By Mariem Bougueroua; Laurent Carnis

  1. By: Amel Attour (GREDEG - Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion - UNS - Université Nice Sophia Antipolis - UCA - Université Côte d'Azur - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Nathalie Lazaric (GREDEG - Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion - UNS - Université Nice Sophia Antipolis - UCA - Université Côte d'Azur - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)
    Abstract: Our article emphasizes the relationship between knowledge and business ecosystems. Transformation of a knowledge ecosystem can lead to the emergence of a technological platform embodying a business ecosystem and providing the resources required especially for firm startup. The role of knowledge replication in an innovation ecosystem is identified through exploratory research and a qualitative case study in the technology hotspot of Sophia-Antipolis. Our findings provide evidence of a new technological trajectory in near field communication ecosystems resulting from a radical transformation of traditional knowledge ecosystems. We show that the role of a knowledge filter is reduced by some public actors and universities acting as the “tenant anchor” and accelerating the replication of knowledge, and the resolution of intellectual property rights issues in emergent business ecosystems. We highlight the critical role of a public actor in enabling the emergence and creation of a business ecosystem, and its involvement in this entrepreneurial activity.
    Keywords: Knowledge ecosystem, entrepreneurial opportunities, technological platform, knowledge replication, academic actor.,entrepreneurial opportunities,technological platform,knowledge replication,academic actor
    Date: 2018–04–13
  2. By: Jean-Marc Weller (LISIS - Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire Sciences, Innovations, Sociétés - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - ESIEE Paris - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Frédérique Pallez (CGS i3 - Centre de Gestion Scientifique i3 - MINES ParisTech - École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris - PSL - PSL Research University - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Emmanuel Coblence (CGS i3 - Centre de Gestion Scientifique i3 - MINES ParisTech - École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris - PSL - PSL Research University - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)
    Abstract: Over the past decade, French public services have introduced innovative approaches of a new kind, formally breaking with the bureaucratic engineering of the administration. These initiatives seem to be heterogeneous and diverse, but they adopt approaches sharing a similar family resemblance, inspired in a large extent by the principles of design — or " user-oriented design " — in the making of public policy. In schools, hospitals, social services or public authorities, local experimentations and research-action programs have been developed: residencies with multidisciplinary teams of professionals and stakeholders in total immersion with a public facility, prototyping tests for new innovation methods on a specific topic, ground-level actions, do-it-yourself projects, etc.
    Date: 2017–06–28
  3. By: Bistline, John E. (Stanford University); Comello, Stephen D. (Stanford University); Sahoo, Anshuman (Stanford University)
    Abstract: Many irreversible long-run capital investments entail opportunities for managers to respond flexibly to changes in the economic environment. However, common levelized cost measures used to guide decision-making, such as the levelized cost of electricity, implicitly assume that the values of random economic variables are known with certainty when investment decisions are made. This assumption implies, often incorrectly, that managerial flexibility carries zero value. This paper improves levelized cost measures by deriving an expansion that accounts for both uncertainties in relevant variables and the value of managerial flexibility in responding to them. This method is applied to quantify the value of flexibility in two example decision problems. In one, an operator of a natural gas electricity generation facility evaluates whether to invest in carbon capture capabilities. Another considers retirement decisions for U.S. nuclear plants. These examples illustrate that simplified cost metrics can inaccurately guide decision-making by inflating cost estimates relative to the proposed levelized cost measure that accounts for uncertainty and flexibility.
    Date: 2017–08
  4. By: Mariem Bougueroua (Département Économie, Université de Mostaganem); Laurent Carnis (IFSTTAR/AME/DEST - Dynamiques Economiques et Sociales des Transports - Communauté Université Paris-Est - IFSTTAR - Institut Français des Sciences et Technologies des Transports, de l'Aménagement et des Réseaux)
    Abstract: This article analyses the road safety situation for Algeria since 1970 and its relation with the level of the economic development of the country. Applying the curve of Kuznets (1955) to road safety (especially for fatalities and injuries), the results show that there is such a curve for fatalities. However, such a relationship has not been verified for injuries. Moreover, the identified Kuznets curve for fatalities reached the turning point in Algeria. Despite an improvement of the economic situation, the large investment projects in infrastructures and transportation, economic development, yielding a positive impact on the road safety situation, a higher toll for fatalities and injuries could be expected if the authorities would not implement the appropriate countermeasures.
    Abstract: Cet article propose une analyse de la situation de l'insécurité routière en Algérie depuis 1970 et sa relation avec le niveau de développement économique du pays. L'approche de Kuznets (1955) est appliquée aux victimes des accidents routiers (tués et blessés lors d'un accident de la circulation), enregistrés pendant la période 1970-2015. Cette contribution identifie une relation de Kuznets pour les victimes tuées, mais pas pour les victimes blessées. Par ailleurs, les résultats de l'analyse montrent que cette relation a désormais atteint son maximum en Algérie (point d'inflexion). Malgré l'amélioration de la situation économique et les grands projets d'investissement notamment dans les infrastructures et les services de transports, le développement économique produit un impact positif sur la sécurité routière du pays, les autorités peuvent s'attendre à voir la situation se dégrader de nouveau si elles ne prennent pas des mesures appropriées.
    Keywords: Algeria,road safety,economic development,Kuznets curve,courbe de Kuznets,insécurité routière,développement économique,Algérie
    Date: 2018–04–25

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