nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2018‒01‒01
nine papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  1. Governing innovation projects in firms: The role of competition between innovation projects and interdepartmental collaboration By Iferd, Younes; Schubert, Torben
  2. Efficient audits by pooling projects By Anna Maria C. Menichini; Peter J. Simmons
  3. The Demand and Supply of Favours in Dynamic Relationships By Jean Guillaume Forand; Jan Zapal
  4. Failure of Energy Mega-Projects in Chile: A Critical Review from Environmental Policy-Making Perspectives By Claudio Agostini; Shahriyar Nasirov; Carlos Silva
  5. Renewing Literature Reviews in MIS Research? A Critical Realist Approach By François-Xavier De Vaujany; Nathalie Mitev; Matthew Smith; Isabelle Walsh
  6. Ireland; Technical Assistance Report-Public Investment Management Assessment By International Monetary Fund
  7. Crowdfunding public goods: An experiment By Erik Ansink; Mark Koetse; Jetske Bouma; Dominic Hauck; Daan van Soest
  8. Do social networks shape the geography of crowdfunding? By Sylvain Dejean
  9. Collaboration in international technology transfer: the role of knowledge boundaries and boundary objects By da Silva, Luiz Eduardo; Karabag, Solmaz Filiz; Berggren, Christian

  1. By: Iferd, Younes; Schubert, Torben
    Abstract: The existing literature shows that interdepartmental collaboration within companies en-hances innovativeness due to easier access to and integration of knowledge spread over dispersed actors. As companies are well aware of these benefits they also use competi-tion between innovation projects to organize their innovation projects. Such competitive mechanisms have often been regarded as problematic because of their adverse effects on collaboration and knowledge sharing. At the same time, they have the power to expe-dite innovation processes. Based on German CIS data, we use a stochastic frontier ap-proach to show that competition across innovation projects tends to increase innovation efficiency for firms faced by predatory product market competition, while interdepartmental collaboration is efficiency increasing when competition is low. Furthermore, we were also able to show that with increasing innovation radicalness interdepartmental collaboration enhances the innovation process and that with increasing innovation incrementality com-petition across innovation projects becomes beneficial.
    Date: 2017
  2. By: Anna Maria C. Menichini; Peter J. Simmons
    Abstract: In a costly state verification model under commitment, the paper shows that jointly financing multiple independent projects reduces the deadweight loss of inefficient audits. This is true for both simultaneous and sequential audit, since each system reveals the same information about the project outcomes at the same cost. Moreover, the audit combination under sequential audit is indeterminate. Audits are decreasing in the reported income and, for sufficiently high projects profitability, deterministic for lower income reports. We explore robustness of the results, including commitment issues. The results are interpreted in the light of observed features of financial contracts.
    Keywords: contracts, auditing, diversification.
    JEL: D82 D83 D86
    Date: 2017–12
  3. By: Jean Guillaume Forand (Department of Economics, University of Waterloo); Jan Zapal (CERGE-EI, Prague, Czech Republic)
    Abstract: We characterise the optimal demand and supply of favours in a dynamic principal-agent model of joint production, in which heterogenous project opportunities arrive stochastically and are publicly observed upon arrival, utility from these projects is non-transferable and commitment to future production is limited. Our results characterise the optimal dynamic contract, and we establish that the principal's supply of favours (the production of projects that benefit the agent but not the principal) is backloaded, that the principal's demand for favours (the production of projects that benefit the principal but not the agent) is frontloaded, and that the production of projects is ordered by their comparative advantage, that is, by their associated efficiency in extracting (for demanded projects) and providing (for supplied projects) utility to the agent. Furthermore, we provide an exact construction of the optimal contract when project opportunities follow a Markov process.
    JEL: D86 C73 L24
    Date: 2017–09
  4. By: Claudio Agostini (Escuela de Gobierno, Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez); Shahriyar Nasirov; Carlos Silva
    Date: 2017–03
  5. By: François-Xavier De Vaujany (DRM - Dauphine Recherches en Management - Université Paris-Dauphine - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Nathalie Mitev (LSE - Department of Management - London School of Economics and Political Science - LSE - London School of Economics and Political Science); Matthew Smith (autre - AUTRES); Isabelle Walsh (autre - AUTRES)
    Abstract: Literature Reviews (LR) are particularly useful for demonstrating the coherence and cumulativeness (or lack thereof) of MIS research and for developing avenues for further research. Most top-tier journals now publish LRs, and many have even begun devoting specific sections to them. Our starting point is that LRs are not epistemologically neutral, and three approaches commonly underlie literature reviews: positivism (identifying the concepts, theories and models closest to the phenomenon that is being explained); interpretivism (identifying the various concepts and theories expressed by various actors and grouping them into multiple perspectives); and critical approaches (identifying both the underlying assumptions and conditions of the production of theories and their effects). We suggest a fourth approach to LRs underpinned by the philosophy of critical realism (CR) and argue that it can enable the (re)interpretation of existing literature through the identification of underlying generative mechanisms. These generative mechanisms provide a common denominator to enable the synthesis of concepts and theories in new ways, helping to bridge previously thought to be incompatible theories, and contributing to a more cumulative view of academic knowledge. We illustrate the value of a CR-based literature through its application to the topic of IT Strategic Value in the MIS and strategic management literature; we show how the identification of four generative mechanisms and three core agencies can support a more integrated view of IT Strategic Value. We then discuss the implications of the use of generative mechanisms and propose guidelines from a CR perspective for carrying out literature reviews.
    Keywords: Literature review,Information Technology (IT),critical realism,strategic value,generative mechanism
    Date: 2017–11–24
  6. By: International Monetary Fund
    Abstract: This Technical Assistance Report presents a public investment management assessment (PIMA) in Ireland. Improving public investment would enable Ireland to bring the efficiency of its infrastructure closer to the frontier of best practice in advanced countries. The report’s recommendations, which the government is in the process of implementing, include strengthening the linkages between the national planning framework, the 10-year capital plan, and the budget; tightening financial rules on PPPs; increasing spending on maintenance; setting up a “project tracker” database; publishing more ex post reviews and audits of capital projects; and establishing a central register of infrastructure assets.
    Date: 2017–11–10
  7. By: Erik Ansink (Tinbergen Institute, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam); Mark Koetse (Institute for Environmental Studies, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam); Jetske Bouma (Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL) and Institute for Environmental Studies, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam); Dominic Hauck (Institute for Environmental Studies, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam); Daan van Soest (Department of Economics and CentER, Tilburg University)
    Abstract: We assess the impact of different crowdfunding designs on the success of crowdfunded public goods using a lab-in-the-field experiment. Our design treatments aim to increase the efficiency of crowdfunding campaigns by raising aggregate contributions and decreasing possible coordination problems that may occur when potential donors are faced with a multitude of projects seeking contributions. Amongst others, we explore the potential of seed money and the impact of the attraction effect. Using a four-day time window we implement our crowdfunding experiment using a web-based user interface with multiple threshold public goods, similar in style to conventional crowdfunding websites. We find that such alternative crowdfunding designs affect efficiency via improving coordination, and not so much via affecting total contributions. These results are confirmed in a follow-up framed field experiment with actual nature conservation projects.
    Keywords: Crowdfunding; lab-in-the-field experiment; threshold public goods; charitable giving; nature conservation
    JEL: C93 H41 L31 Q57
    Date: 2017–12–15
  8. By: Sylvain Dejean (CEREGE - Centre de Recherche en sciences de Gestion - EA 1722 - La Rochelle - ULR - Université de La Rochelle)
    Abstract: Does the distance still matters in a context where digital technologies promised to eliminate distance-related costs? In crowdfunding platforms, the founder of a project and the backers mainly exchange tacit information (trustworthiness and seriousness of the founder, feasibility of a project), challenging the ability of the Internet to abolish the cost of distance. We investigate how the existence of social ties between two geographical areas, by lowering the asymmetry of information, can shape the flow of funding in a given country. We take advantage of a unique database provided by the French leader of reward-based Crowdfunding. With a dataset containing 12887 projects and 452 850 contributions representing a value of 19 million euros over the period 2012/2015, we estimate, for each pair of the 94 French regions, the number and the amount of bilateral funding as well as their determinants in a gravity-like equation model. To account for the existence of social ties between French regions we exploit information of the French national Census of 2013 about regional migration. Our mains results are first that the elasticity of distance is still important (around 0.5) in the context of reward-based crowdfunding platforms. We then show that taking into account the existence of social ties between regions strongly reduces and even annihilates (under some specifications) the impact of distance. This result suggests that if digital technology could have reduced the geographical distance, only social proximity seems able to decrease the information-related costs.
    Keywords: Crowdfunding,economic geography,gravity,social networks
    Date: 2017–11–22
  9. By: da Silva, Luiz Eduardo; Karabag, Solmaz Filiz; Berggren, Christian
    Abstract: Firms increasingly use choose collaborative arrangements to get access to the most recent and advanced technologies instead of trying to develop them in-home. Several emerging economies use such arrangements particularly in the defence industry as a vehicle for technology transfer to the local industry. The effectiveness of technology transfer, however, is affected by many factors. This paper analyzes international technology transfer as a challenge of inter-firm collaboration and a challenge of cross-boundary knowledge management, and highlights the role of boundary objects to mitigate problems of knowledge boundaries such transfers. Building on a comparative case study of two international technology transfer projects, the paper contributes to the understanding of how collaboration problems can affect the transfer of knowledge across knowledge boundaries and how the use of appropriate boundary objects may improve collaboration management and the knowledge transfer.
    Keywords: technology transfer; international collaboration; knowledge management; knowledge boundaries; boundary objects
    JEL: L20 L64 O25 O30 O32
    Date: 2017–08–30

This nep-ppm issue is ©2018 by Arvi Kuura. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.