nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2017‒09‒17
five papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  1. Collaborative Innovation Projects Engaging open communities: a Case Study on Emerging Challenges By Laurent Dupont; Alex Gabriel; Mauricio Camargo; Claudine Guidat
  2. Smart Specialisation at work: Analysis of the calls launched under ERDF Operational Programmes By Carlo Gianelle; Fabrizio Guzzo; Krzysztof Mieszkowski
  3. City Logistics and Pooling Solutions: Obvious, Environmental friendly, Good acceptability, Winner- winner Strategies: Why Think more about it ? By Laurent Guihéry
  4. Application of the Net Present Value Profile to Anaconda Mining By Bell, Peter
  5. The Political Economy of International Finance Corporation Lending By Dreher, Axel; Richert, Katharina

  1. By: Laurent Dupont (ERPI - Equipe de Recherche sur les Processus Innovatifs - UL - Université de Lorraine); Alex Gabriel (ERPI - Equipe de Recherche sur les Processus Innovatifs - UL - Université de Lorraine); Mauricio Camargo (ERPI - Equipe de Recherche sur les Processus Innovatifs - UL - Université de Lorraine); Claudine Guidat (ERPI - Equipe de Recherche sur les Processus Innovatifs - UL - Université de Lorraine)
    Abstract: This paper presents a case study on emerging challenges within collaborative innovation projects engaging open communities. Innovation driven by open communities has proven to have a significant potential, in particular for open source software. However, tools and methodologies enabling the supervision of collaborative innovation involving open communities, in the perspective of creating open hardware to solve societal issues, remains at the early stages. This paper seeks to pinpoint the potentialities and challenges of such projects toward defining methods to better support a multi-stakeholders open source collaboration context. The experimental field of this research concerns the smart electricity distribution, and more precisely a public driven project of the diffusion of smart-meters in France and their appropriation by open source communities, with the involvement of the university and a public industrial company. The project seeks to study how these communities of users develop in a collaborative manner, new products and services using the smart-meter as a support technology. The first results show that the open community makes natural connection on specific environments such as Smart buildings to materialize usages of smart meters.
    Keywords: open hardware, collaborative innovation,community of practice, project management, user-driven innovation, co-creation
    Date: 2017–06–27
  2. By: Carlo Gianelle (European Commission - JRC); Fabrizio Guzzo (European Commission - JRC); Krzysztof Mieszkowski (European Commission - JRC)
    Abstract: The goal of this paper is to assess how and to what extent resources under Thematic Objective 1 (TO1) of national and regional Operational Programmes for the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) were allocated to operations falling within the innovation and research priorities set in the respective national and regional smart specialisation strategies (S3) during the first phase of the 2014-2020 programming period. The analysis is based on information drawn from calls for proposals launched under 46 Operational Programmes in Italy, Poland, Portugal, Czech Republic, Hungary, Lithuania and Slovenia and published by 31 December 2016. In particular, the study assesses the coherence of calls with S3 priorities; it also looks at the concentration of resources on priorities by calculating the share of ERDF-TO1 funding made available to S3-related projects through calls. Moreover, the analysis explores the range of S3 priorities tackled by individual calls for projects, identifies the policy instruments utilised and the types of beneficiaries targeted by those instruments. The examination reveals that the S3 approach is being translated into practice from a formal point of view. In most of the examined calls, S3 alignment is a binding eligibility condition for funding. Nearly the total amount of the ERDF-TO1 resources made available through calls supports project proposals falling exclusively within S3 priority areas. This could be interpreted as positive evidence of improved prioritisation and more strategic spending patterns, yet results should be taken with caution given the relatively short time-span of the analysis.
    Keywords: regional innovation policy, smart specialisation, prioritisation, EU Cohesion policy
    JEL: O25 O30 R12 R58
    Date: 2017–08
  3. By: Laurent Guihéry (MRTE - Laboratoire de géographie Mobilités, Réseaux, Territoires, Environnements - Université de Cergy Pontoise)
    Abstract: City logistics projects and research on pooling logistics activities, especially in urban area, are nowadays on the agenda of land use planners and transport economist researchers. There is a general agreement on the relevancy, success and implementation of these strategies: acceptability of urban population is good, as (diesel motorized) trucks entering cities are considered as damaging the environment and generating strong nuisances on the neighbourhood. Local politicians and public policy designers have integrated these projects in new urban plans and future city modelling. Setting up an organization between shippers, transport companies, logisticians, supported by local authorities, needs a clear and rigorous analysis. Do we have to take into account the long term impact on innovation and possible distortion of competition and cartelization?
    Keywords: city-logistics, urban studies, spatial competition
    Date: 2016–11
  4. By: Bell, Peter
    Abstract: The idea of the NPV Profile, which shows how the net present value of a project changes over the life of the project, can be used in applied settings. For example, it can be used in situations where significant changes are made to the life-of-mine plan for a gold mine. This paper presents such an example with a description of engineering changes required to achieve the change in the mine plan based on the current situation facing Anaconda Mining, a publicly-traded gold mining company in Canada.
    Keywords: Moving NPV, Mine Planning, Engineering Economics
    JEL: C0 C02 G1
    Date: 2017–09–06
  5. By: Dreher, Axel; Richert, Katharina
    Abstract: The bulk of International Finance Corporation (IFC) lending benefits companies from rich countries, and projects in countries with middle income. Large conglomerates such as Lidl or Mövenpick have been among its direct beneficiaries. This contrasts to some extent with the IFC's official mandate, which is to finance poverty-reducing projects for which private capital is not available on reasonable terms. We investigate the drivers of this mismatch. According to our theory, the governments of industrialized countries where borrowing companies are based form coalitions with governments of middle-income countries where the projects are implemented. We therefore expect preferential treatment to be most pronounced when the representatives of both the recipient's and the company's countries are best able to collude in exerting their influence. We argue that this will be the case when both countries' governments are represented among the IFC's Board of Executive Directors, and when they have extraordinary clout with major IFC shareholders. Using data for more than 3000 IFC projects over the 1995-2015 period we show that the (joint) influence of these countries helps them to receive a disproportional share of IFC funding.
    Keywords: international bureaucracies; international finance; political economy
    JEL: F33 F34 F35 F53
    Date: 2017–09

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