nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2017‒06‒11
six papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  1. Risk Assessment of ERP Implementation Using Generalized Stochastic Petri Net By Thangamani Gurunathan
  2. Risk Analysis of Product Innovation Using Markov Process Methodology By Thangamani Gurunathan
  3. The difficulties in doing good: NGO preparedness for implementing mandatory Corporate Social Responsibility projects in India By Priya Nair Rajeev; Suresh S. Kalagnanam
  4. Can Efficient Provision of Business Development Services Bring Better Results for SMEs?: Evidence from a Networking Project in Thailand By Suzuki, Aya; Igei, Kengo
  5. Breaking the Poverty Trap: A Psychological Framework for Facilitating Autonomous Motivation and Sustainable Behavioral Change in Development Aid Beneficiaries By Sayanagi, Nobuo R.
  6. Managing International Cooperation for Organizational Capacity Development: Setting a Conceptual Foundation for Case Study Research and its Utilization By Barzelay, Michael; Okumoto, Masakatsu; Watanabe, Hideki

  1. By: Thangamani Gurunathan (Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode)
    Abstract: Risk and complete uncertainty can potentially have damaging consequences on the Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) implementation projects. Risk management is also one of the ten knowledge areas propagated by the Project Management Institute which shows its importance. Risk management in the ERP system implementation context is a comprehensive and systematic way of identifying, analyzing and responding to risks to achieve the project objectives. This paper presents a risk modelling method using Generalized Stochastic Petri Nets (GSPN) along with simulation for risk estimation in ERP implementation. An overall risk management framework is also developed and the same is used to explore various risks, categorize them as per their sources, assesses those risks and their variability. This approach will help key project participants such as client, contractor or developer, consultant, and supplier – to meet their commitments and minimize negative impacts on ERP project performance in relation to cost, time and quality objectives. The methodology is demonstrated using a case study of ERP implementation project.
    Date: 2017–05
  2. By: Thangamani Gurunathan (Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode)
    Abstract: Product Innovation is a key aspect of any company and central to the New Product Development (NPD) process. Companies must take risks to launch innovative new products speedily and successfully for its survival and sustainability. Despite meticulous efforts by companies to bring innovations, most of them are failing in the market place and hence the ability to diagnose and manage risk is a very important activity in high risk innovations. This paper presents a new Product Innovation and Development (PID) process and a quantitative methodology for risk assessment. FMEA (Failure Modes and Effects Analysis) and Markov process analysis are combined and presented as the risk assessment method. This methodology also investigates the overall Product innovation and Development process and explores various risks, categorize them according to their sources, assess those risks and explores various risk mitigation techniques. The methodology is demonstrated using a case study on a new innovative home appliance project.
    Date: 2017–05
  3. By: Priya Nair Rajeev (Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode); Suresh S. Kalagnanam (University of Saskatchewan, Edwards School of Business)
    Abstract: This paper documents the results of a survey of 100 NGOs with respect to their preparedness to implement CSR projects planned by eligible companies in order to comply with the CSR legislation outlined in Section 135 of the Companies Act of India (2013). Our results provide some reasons to conclude that NGOs are displaying many elements of preparedness, such as having a mission and vision statement, elements of a governance and processes to measure impact. However a major limitation is the availability of talented employees and their retention.
    Keywords: Mandatory CSR, Section 135, NGOs, Survey
    Date: 2017–05
  4. By: Suzuki, Aya; Igei, Kengo
    Abstract: Recent systemic reviews on the impact of business development services (BDS) on small and medium enterprises (SMEs) reveal mixed effects on various outcomes. For example, the effects on improving skills or practices are often found to be positive while those on employment creation are modest and those on financial outcomes are weak. While there are many BDS providers in developing countries, SMEs’ BDS usage is still very low. Studies have attributed this to reasons such as a lack of information about BDS, a shortage of credits, and the limited availability of BDS. However, most of the existing literature focuses on impacts of demand-side interventions, and empirical evidence about BDS providers is still lacking. We focus on the supply-side constraints of BDS. We take a case from Thailand in which the government, in collaboration with the Japan International Cooperation Agency, implemented a project to establish a formal network among the existing BDS providers with the aim of enhancing their effectiveness in supporting the SMEs. Using the primary data of SMEs and BDS providers, we find that the BDS providers in project provinces increased their interaction with SMEs and improved their BDS practices. SMEs’ network and interactions with BDS providers also increased. We also find some positive evidence that SMEs have more contracts and more certified products on average, and provincial heterogeneous impacts on increasing profits and the percentage of domestic sales in some provinces. These together suggest that networking BDS providers improves the performances of both BDS providers and SMEs. A policy implication follows that an efficient delivery of public services can bring tangible results.
    Keywords: SME,BDS,network,impact evaluation,Thailand
    Date: 2017–03
  5. By: Sayanagi, Nobuo R.
    Abstract: Workers in the field of development aid, particularly those involved in capacity development projects, have for some time recognized the importance of understanding the psychology of aid beneficiaries. However, there have been very few psychological studies on development aid, possibly because there are yet few tested theoretical frameworks that allow empirical research. The aim of this paper is to present a theoretical framework that would be applicable to aiding, assessing, and researching the psychology of people facing difficulties such as extreme poverty. The framework is based on Self-Determination Theory (SDT) and also draws from behavior modification approaches. It is argued that for such people, as a prerequisite for supporting the need for autonomy, it is necessary to support the needs for competence and relatedness. Based on the modified SDT framework, aid paradigms such as conditional cash transfers (CCTs), the life improvement approach (LIA), the smallholder horticultural empowerment project (SHEP), and the freedom for enhancing empowerment (FrEE) approaches are examined, and future research directions are discussed.
    Keywords: psychology of development aid,sustainable behavioral change,behavior modification,Self-Determination Theory
    Date: 2017–03
  6. By: Barzelay, Michael; Okumoto, Masakatsu; Watanabe, Hideki
    Abstract: Capacity development has been the core of JICA’s technical cooperation, especially after 2000s. The issue has been repeatedly debated among the professional institutions including such as UNDP, JICA and so forth. However, even now, there are not so much articles analyzing the issue from the perspective of management science though some arguments called for the conduct of theory-guided, systematic research about episodes of support for organizations in partner countries. The paper argues and proposes the necessity of a conceptual settings for a case study research and its utilization for systematic learning from the standpoint of management science, particularly public management. It illustrates the conceptual framework by using the knowledge of on-going E-JUST case study. The paper also explore the further steps for strengthening the capacity for organizational development. It proposed “triathlon” approach, namely, conducting the case study research, engagement of professional practitioners through organizational learning and professional development, and vocabulary clarification and integration. Considering the fact that organizational capacity development projects are ex ante novel and ex post unique, the idea of “design references” and “design precedents” are presented for development practitioners to work as “designers” and to create novel solutions in the future.
    Keywords: International Development,Capacity Development,Technical Cooperation,Public Management,Design Science,Organizational Development
    Date: 2017–03

This nep-ppm issue is ©2017 by Arvi Kuura. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.