nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2016‒11‒06
five papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  1. Policy networks in energy transitions: The cases of carbon capture and storage and offshore wind in Norway By Håkon Endresen Normann
  2. Chinese infrastructure projects in advanced industries: The Atucha 3 nuclear power reactor in Argentina By Thomas Rawski
  3. Damming Trans-boundary Rivers: A Welfare Analysis of Conflict and Cooperation By Yuyu Zeng; Harold Houba; Ariel Dinar; Miroslav Marence
  4. Seventy Years of Official Development Assistance: Reflections on the Working Age Population By Hassan, Sherif
  5. Motivated by our experience in designing a particular social program, skill set signaling for new entrants to the labor market in Peru, we articulate the need for, and explore the empirical consequences of, alternative learning approaches to the design of development projects. By Sara Nadel and Lant Pritchett

  1. By: Håkon Endresen Normann (TIK Centre, University of Oslo)
    Abstract: This paper employs the concept of policy networks to study how interest groups and actors compete over the influence of energy and climate policy. It is argued that the creation of learning arenas is critical for the development of immature technologies. The paper then analyses two large efforts to secure state funding of large-scale demonstration projects for offshore wind and carbon capture and storage technology in Norway. The paper describes a range of similarities between these two technologies in terms of scale, maturity, and costs, and in the way they represent possible solutions to the problem of climate change. However, the paper also describes enormous differences in government support towards full-scale demonstration. These differences are then explained in the analysis, which shows how different network structures facilitate different levels of access to the policy making process. The paper provides insights into how the interests of political parties influence the potency for solutions tied to climate and energy problems. The paper therefore contributes to the discourse on the role of politics in sustainable transitions.
    Date: 2016–10
  2. By: Thomas Rawski
    Abstract: Chinese participation in Argentina’s Atucha 3 nuclear power project highlights substantial issues surrounding growing Chinese involvement in infrastructure and manufacturing projects that require high levels of capability in both advanced technologies and systems integration. Rapid Chinese progress in both areas points to the emergence of a two-tiered market for civilian nuclear power projects, with the Chinese alternative offering “good enough†levels of quality and safety, modest cost advantages compared with offerings from U.S., Japanese or Korean rivals, and, crucially, access to attractive financial terms offered by officially-backed Chinese lenders.
    Date: 2016–01
  3. By: Yuyu Zeng (VU University Amsterdam, The Netherlands); Harold Houba (VU University Amsterdam, The Netherlands); Ariel Dinar (University of California, Riverside, United States); Miroslav Marence (UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, The Netherlands)
    Abstract: Dams are essential for water storage and hydropower generation, but change river flow patterns and endanger local environments. Dam projects may further exacerbate already existing problems in trans-boundary rivers. We consider three scenarios of institutional factors: (1) each country pursues its own interests, (2) efficient cooperation along the river and (3) partial cooperation among neighboring countries. We conduct cost-benefit analyses for these scenarios incorporating dam projects and their externalities. We demonstrate our approach for the Mekong River incorporating expert hydrological knowledge regarding installed hydropower capacity and dam location instead of the standard economic assumptions of such costs. Our results show that cooperation between Laos and Cambodia internalizes the negative impacts of dam construction in Laos on fishery in Cambodia, and Laos refrains from building some planned dams. Our results also hint that the 1995 Mekong agreement among Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam is internally stable.
    Keywords: Trans-boundary river basin management; Institutional factors; Dams; Externalities; Welfare analysis; Conflict and cooperation
    JEL: C61 C70 D60 Q20 Q50 R10
    Date: 2016–10–24
  4. By: Hassan, Sherif
    Abstract: We contribute to the aid-development debate by investigating how official development assistance shapes the ability of developing countries to efficiently utilise their demographic capital. We measure the effect of aggregated and sectoral disaggregated foreign aid on the Human Development Index and other social indicators for 139 developing countries from 1995 to 2014. Our results provide robust evidence against the development effects of aid. The prior effects are robust regardless of the level of working age population in the recipient country and after removing the biases of aid aggregation. In light of these findings, we introduce a new setting for aid disbursements that aims to resolve common pitfalls and improve the efficacy of existing systems.
    Keywords: Official Development assistance, Demographic Change, Human Development Index
    JEL: F35 F63
    Date: 2016
  5. By: Sara Nadel and Lant Pritchett
    Keywords: research, program design, RCT, development
    JEL: O12 O22 C93 D04
    Date: 2016–08

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