nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2016‒09‒18
six papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  1. An example of hybridization between the "discovering matrix" and the "9 windows" tools during ideation phases of interclustering projects By Julien Ambrosino; Jérémy Legardeur
  2. Accelerating System Development for the Food Chain: a Portfolio of over 30 Projects, Aiming at Impact and Growth By Sundmaeker, Harald
  3. How do collaboration and investments in knowledge management affect process innovation in services? By Ashok, Mona; Narula, Rajneesh; Martinez-Noya, Andrea
  4. UIDAI's Public Policy Innovations. By Sharma, Ram Sewak
  5. “An Over View of the Implementation of Precision Farming Projects in Tamil Nadu, India” By Ramamoorthy, Dr. R. Ravikumar; A, Mr Jagan Gopu
  6. The Ratio of Project Management Tools and 'Classical' Public Service in OECD Countries and Developing Countries By Atnashev, Timur M.; Balobanov, A.E.

  1. By: Julien Ambrosino (Aerospace Valley, ESTIA Recherche - Ecole Supérieure des Technologies Industrielles Avancées (ESTIA)); Jérémy Legardeur (ESTIA Recherche - Ecole Supérieure des Technologies Industrielles Avancées (ESTIA))
    Abstract: In the specific context of coopetition between members of clusters, innovative collaborative projects emergence is a key issue for members and clusters. Given the heterogeneous ecosystems that evolve within the clusters, the interclustering strategy which is conducted to create new types of cross-sectoral projects require new appropriate tools to support creative and new ideas emergence. Strong synergies are highlighted through the use of the discovering matrix and 9 screens tools. These links help facilitators of clusters to optimize the preparation and animation of creative sessions.
    Abstract: Dans le contexte spécifique de coopétition entre membres de clusters, l'émergence de projets collaboratifs est une question clé pour les membres et pour les clusters. Compte-tenu des écosystèmes hétérogènes qui évoluent au sein des clusters, la stratégie d'interclustering, menée pour créer de nouveaux types de projets intersectoriels, nécessite de nouveaux outils appropriés pour soutenir l'émergence d'idées nouvelles et créatives. Dans ce papier, de fortes synergies sont mises en évidence par l'utilisation de la matrice de découverte et 9 écrans. Ces liens visent à aider les animateurs de clusters pour optimiser la préparation et l'animation de sessions de créativité.
    Keywords: creativity,interclustering,idea generation,TRIZ,innovation management,9 screens,discovering matrix,créativité,génération d'idées,management de l'innovation,9 écrans,matrice de découverte
    Date: 2016–05–16
  2. By: Sundmaeker, Harald
    Abstract: Supply of fresh food is of vital importance to feed Europe in a healthy way, while Europe has also an important role in feeding the world. Food products and other perishables such as flowers impose very challenging demands on the management of its supply chains. Food networks are struggling with an integrated usage of information and communication technology (ICT) that enables the heterogeneous stakeholders in the food chain to exchange information in real-time and control workflows based on requirements with respect to quality, costs and schedule. Innovative ICT systems that are addressing such challenges are currently being developed by a large European initiative, called FIWARE. Within this paper, we will discuss a portfolio of 31 projects that are realising solutions for the food chain in close collaboration with supporting business partners. Diverse food related topics are addressed, such as logistics, transport, planning & control, tracking & tracing, information management as well as new ways to realise e-commerce within the chain as well as for consumers. The FIWARE initiative is accelerating startups and supporting SME type technology developers that are realising solutions for real world business cases, which are serving as reference customers and test cases to assure an end-user acceptance and valid business models. This paper discusses the main food chain related topics and innovation potentials that are addressed as well as outlining the related methodological and technological approaches that are used to facilitate the realisation of impact and growth for commercial exploitation.
    Keywords: Acceleration, Business Models, Minimum Viable Product, Food Chain, App Development, FIWARE, Future Internet, Agribusiness, Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies,
    Date: 2016–05
  3. By: Ashok, Mona (Henley Business School); Narula, Rajneesh (Henley Business School); Martinez-Noya, Andrea (Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness)
    Abstract: Purpose: Despite the keen interest in radical and incremental innovation, few studies have tested the varying impact of firm-level factors in service sectors. This paper analyses how collaboration with existing and prospective users, and investments in knowledge management (KM) practices can be adapted to maximise the outputs of radical and incremental process innovation in a Knowledge-Intensive Business Service (KIBS) industry. Methodology: Original survey data from 166 Information Technology Service (ITS) firms and interviews with 13 executives provide the empirical evidence. PLS-SEM is used to analyse the data. Findings: Collaboration with different types of users, and investments in KM practices affect radical versus incremental process innovation differently. Collaboration with existing users influences incremental process innovation directly, but not radical innovation; and prospective user collaboration matters for radical, but not incremental innovation. Furthermore, for radical innovation, investments in KM practices mediate the impact of prospective user collaboration on innovation. Implications: While collaboration with existing users for incremental process innovations does not appear to generate significant managerial challenges, to pursue radical innovations firms must engage in intensive collaboration with prospective users. Higher involvement with prospective users requires higher investment in KM practices to promote efficient intra- and inter-firm knowledge flows. Originality: This study is based on a large-scale survey, together with management interviews. Radical and incremental innovations require engagements with different kinds of users in the service industry, and knowledge management tools.
    Keywords: user collaboration, existing and prospective users, incremental innovation, radical process innovation, KIBS firms, knowledge management, PLS-SEM
    JEL: O32 M15 F23
    Date: 2016–08–19
  4. By: Sharma, Ram Sewak (Telecom Regulatory Authority of India)
    Abstract: The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) was mandated to issue unique identification numbers to every resident of India. The Authority has largely accomplished this mandate in a short time and within budget because it took many innovative and bold decisions. The first innovative decision we consider, in this paper, is the UIDAI's decision to add iris images to the set of biometrics collected by it. Another innovation of the UIDAI was its practice of conducting on-field trials. The last innovation we consider relates to how the UIDAI promoted competition and standardisation. The success of the UIDAI offers lessons for other government projects. Government processes need not prevent it from taking innovative decisions. High-quality procurement and project management skills can help the government outsource many functions that are currently housed within it. Testing major hypotheses through field trials before launching projects at scale can help ensure best use of public resources.
    Keywords: Aadhaar ; UIDAI ; Biometrics ; Iris recognition ; Identity ; Authentication ; Digital ID
    JEL: L32 L33 L38 O31 D47
    Date: 2016–09
  5. By: Ramamoorthy, Dr. R. Ravikumar; A, Mr Jagan Gopu
    Abstract: The major problem for the failure of agricultural sector in India is believed to not taking the modern methods and innovations from the knowledge quarters to the agricultural field. Without the meeting of technology and ground level implementation, the benefits of modern technology and science cannot be optimal. Unsuitability of technology given the local agro-climatic conditions, unawareness of technology due to a communication gap, unwillingness to take unknown risks due to lack of trust, lack of knowledge, cultural barriers, lack of adequate credit of support for investment which is a prerequisite to the adoption of technology, to overcome these barriers, sound management of the technology dissemination need to be followed. The demonstration conducted by the Official of the project at Krishnagiri block, in Pennaiyar river sub basin, Alapatti tank in Krishnagiri district reveals that the initial demonstration implemented in the period of October 2008 to March 2009 with the 39 farmers and covered 26 hectare. The sustainability is very important aspect to measure the success or failure of the precision farming in the implemented area hence 134 farmers with 40 ha coverage showed that the real demonstration effects on farmers were adopted and sustained with precision farming through the year with various multi crops cultivated by the farmers because of higher yield, least inputs and more than that huge income from the farm. Followed by the last year Oct 2011 to Mar 2012 the total area of demonstration covered 110 ha and the impact also 110 ha with the overall demonstration which spread across the area with the total sustainability area is 448 ha.
    Keywords: Precision Farming, Modern Technology, Adoption of Technology, Sustainability.
    JEL: Q16
    Date: 2016–09–12
  6. By: Atnashev, Timur M. (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA)); Balobanov, A.E. (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA))
    Abstract: The paper analyzes the formation of the two approaches to governance in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. "Project" approach is formed as a separate management disciplines with his ideology and set of tools in the implementation of strategic programs in the area of ??infrastructure, space and defense industry. In parallel with the formation of a "strategic" project line in the government in the twentieth century there was a steady classical approach based on meritocratic selection, specialized legal framework and compliance with the rules. The analysis shows that the most developed and fast-growing developing countries formed the classic civil service as the main instrument of government. Since the beginning of the 1980th under the influence of critics and limitations of the classical model of neo-liberal agenda in economic policy emerged reformist wave of New Public Management, with a focus on improving the effectiveness and efficiency of public administration. In this paper we analyzed the experience of joining the two approaches to governance and its impact on the public service.
    Keywords: project, program, project management, evaluation, control/indicators, public service, meritocracy, NPM, Max Weber
    Date: 2016–06–28

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