nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2016‒07‒02
seven papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  1. The effects of climate risk on hydropower P3 contract value : Preliminary study of the Inga 3 Dam By Richard Swanson; Vivek Sakhrani
  2. How to Increase Research Productivity in Higher Educational Institutions –SIMS Model By Aithal, Sreeramana
  3. Documentare e comunicare l'attività di trasferimento tecnologico. Analisi testuale della comunicazione dei poli di innovazione By Pasquale Pavone; Valentina Fiordelmondo; Margherita Russo
  4. Towards active community participation in implementing Climate Change Adaptation Policy (CCAP) in Cambodia By Nop, Sothun
  5. Understanding the Dynamics of Service-Oriented Architecture Implementation By Li, Xitong; Madnick, Stuart
  6. How do Earmarked Funds Change the Geographical Allocation of Multilateral Assistance? By Laurent WAGNER
  7. Project Onderwijs-Arbeidsmarkt: Gebruik van arbeidsmarktinformatie en impact By Fouarge, D.

  1. By: Richard Swanson; Vivek Sakhrani
    Abstract: Large hydropower dams are at the centre of a debate weighing the value and costs of renewable energy against the risks of climate change. The debate is especially relevant on the African continent, which offers vast hydropower potential, but which is exposed to possible climatic changes.This paper presents one possible framework for analysing, valuing, and mitigating the possible impacts of climate change on investment returns. It applies the framework to the proposed series of Inga projects. We find that project concessions can recapture value by phasing dam build-out. Our optionality framework can help structure P3 contracts to improve hydropower project value as well as insure sponsors against climate risk.
    Keywords: Environment, Renewable energy sources
    Date: 2016
  2. By: Aithal, Sreeramana
    Abstract: Institutional Ranking in higher educational institutions became common practice and business schools are highly benefited by announcing worldwide ranks based on various ranking criteria. Ranking at higher educational institutions which have already accredited with minimum required infrastructure, innovative curriculum design, should depend on their ability to produce new knowledge as the output of the institutions. Based on the postulates of ABC model of institutional performance measurement, we have devised a model of improving the higher educational output. This model contains the idea on how to involve students and faculty members in improving organizational research output. By means of adopting a curriculum model of research focussed curriculum design and adoption in which students are made to work on industry projects and research projects in each semester along with the study of core and elective subjects, and by means formulating strategy on active involvement of faculty members in intensive research, we have developed a method of increasing research performance and hence enhancing the research productivity in higher educational institutions. We have analysed this model by considering our recent experience and efforts of increasing the research productivity at Srinivas Institute of Management Studies as the case example. The strategies to be followed to increase the number of research publications and subject book publications by effective faculty involvement and business case development by student involvement are discussed.
    Keywords: Higher educational institutional performance, Research productivity, Institutional productivity, Strategy to improve institutional productivity.
    JEL: I23
    Date: 2016–05
  3. By: Pasquale Pavone; Valentina Fiordelmondo; Margherita Russo
    Abstract: There is an increasing attention on the needs to support SMEs in enhancing their innovation op-portunities and capabilities. Through a policy measure to foster the regional innovation system, 12 innovation poles were active in Tuscany in the period 2011-2014 to provide to their members (af-filiation is needed) a range of knowledge-intensive services such as knowledge and technology mapping, R&D partnership formation, technical assistance in R&D projects, technology transfer. Each pole was created as a consortium of organizations operating as public or private research cen-tres and service centres (universities, innovation centres or technology transfer centres and firms). In this paper we adopt a statistical analysis of textual content produced by the innovation poles to identify distinctive or common elements in the various texts they produced in three years of activi-ty and to draw some assessment of their communication on their activities. Documents under analysis are of different types: designed as written texts (on Smart Specializa-tion Strategy and monitoring the activities of the poles), transcripts of spoken language (the re-cordings of interviews); web communication. Through and automatic analysis we propose a sys-tematic comparison of all these documents that would not be possible through direct reading of texts: on the whole it is over 56,000 graphic forms, for a total of over two million occurrences. To compare both the intra diversity across the same type of document and across the different types of documents, first we analyse each of the four body separately, in order to identify the specific con-tent and the four languages used by the poles of innovation: "report", texts structured in the format of the monitoring; "design", the documents on smart specialization strategy; "reflection and analy-sis", in the transcription of interviews; and "communication", that characterizes the web sites. For this analysis, each document is associated with one or more categories (such as, for example, pole' band category, date of the document) that allow us to group or isolate relevant content in different contexts. In this work we first introduce the set of processing of texts aimed at the selection of graphic forms on which we focus our analysis. Then, we present for each corpus the description of the analysed documents, the results of calculations performed for the treatment of the text and the analysis of the main components that explain the variability of language within each corpus. These analyses (represented by the factorial of two main components) interpret the selection of graphic forms be-ing analysed with respect to categorical variables, defined for each document in each of the corpo-ra. The analysis concludes
    Keywords: linguistic analysis; web communication; innovation poles; regional innovation policies
    JEL: R10 O25 Y8 C88
    Date: 2016–06
  4. By: Nop, Sothun
    Abstract: This paper explores main opportunities and key challenges for community participation in implementing climate change adaptation policy (CCAP) in Cambodia. It also determines potential priorities that can help promote community to actively involve in CCAP implementation. This study reveals that communities remain passively participate in implementing CCAP because key challenges seems to outweigh the opportunities. To promote community to actively join in the process of CCAP implementation, relevant policy legislations that established to fully empower local communities to effectively manage their livelihood resources need to be strictly enforced. Also, the exclusive livelihoods improvement programs and infrastructure projects, which help sustain incomes of vulnerable communities, upgrade their capacity, and promote their security, should be increased.
    Keywords: community participation, implementation, climate change adaptation policy
    JEL: O21 Z00
    Date: 2015–03–25
  5. By: Li, Xitong; Madnick, Stuart
    Abstract: Despite the potential benefits, many organizations have failed in service-oriented architecture implementation projects. Prior research often used a variance perspective and neglected to explore the complex interactions and timing dependencies between the critical success factors. This study adopts a process perspective to capture the dynamics while providing a new explanation for the mixed outcomes of SOA implementation. We develop a system dynamics model and use simulation analysis to demonstrate the phenomenon of “tipping point.” That is, under certain conditions, even a small reduction in the duration of normative commitment can dramatically reverse, from success to failure, the outcome of an SOA implementation. The simulation results also suggest that (1) the duration of normative commitment can play a more critical role than the strength, and (2) the minimal duration of normative commitment for a successful SOA implementation is associated positively with the information delay of organizational learning of SOA knowledge. Finally, we discuss the theoretical causes and organizational traps associated with SOA implementation to help IT managers make better decisions about their implementation projects.
    Keywords: Service-oriented architecture (SOA); System dynamics; Tipping point; Organizational traps; Normative commitment
    Date: 2015–08–28
  6. By: Laurent WAGNER (Ferdi)
    Abstract: Almost nonexistent in the early 90s, bilateral development assistance disbursed through earmarked funds co-managed by multilateral donors is playing an increasing role in the aid landscape. While the importance and popularity of these new instruments among traditional donors have increased, their management, their objectives and their implementation remain largely under-documented. Furthermore, the question of the geographical allocation of earmarked funds is becoming more and more important for many stakeholders. We look at the geographic allocation of earmarked multilateral ODA with regard to “performance”, the traditional criterion for aid allocation in most Multilateral Development Banks. Our results show that the multiplication of trust funds tend to undermine the role of performance as a core allocation criterion. We also present evidence that recipient executed trust funds at the World Bank over the period 2009-2013 have favored low income and fragile countries despite their low performance. For some countries the share of total aid received from the World Bank beyond the performance based allocation (PBA) is far from negligible.
    Keywords: earmarked funds, multilateral assistance, geographical allocation
    Date: 2016–03
  7. By: Fouarge, D. (Research Centre for Educ and Labour Mark)
    Abstract: Ten behoeve van het algemeen belang voert het Researchcentrum voor Onderwijs en Arbeidsmarkt (ROA) het Project Onderwijs-Arbeidsmarkt (POA) uit. Het project behandelt vraagstukken van doelmatigheid in de aansluiting tussen het opleidingsaanbod en de vraag van werkgevers. Deze vraagstukken hebben een prominente plaats gekregen op de beleidsagenda. Goede en gedetailleerde informatie over verwachte vraag en aanbod op de arbeidsmarkt is daarbij van fundamenteel belang.
    Date: 2015–01–01

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