nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2016‒02‒04
seven papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  1. A Quantitative Text Analysis of the Minutes from the Meetings in Public Involvement: A Case of a Bridge Project in Cambodia By Kamijo, Tetsuya; Huang, Guangwei
  2. Social protection in fragile and conflict-affected countries : trends and challenges By Ovadiya,Mirey; Kryeziu,Adea; Masood,Syeda; Zapatero Larrio,Eric
  3. International Gas Projects of Russia in the Context of a Changing Economic Environment and Paradigm By Nataliya S. Karpova
  4. Lawson on Veblen on Social Ontology By Davis, John B.; Wells, Tom
  5. The macroeconomic policy in a social-developmentalist strategy By Pedro Rossi; AndreÌ Biancarelli
  6. Financial vulnerability: an empirical study of Ugandan NGOs By Berta SILVA; Ronelle BURGER
  7. Foresighting for Inclusive Development By Allan Dahl Andersen; Per Dannemand Andersen

  1. By: Kamijo, Tetsuya; Huang, Guangwei
    Abstract: Previous studies of public involvement in environmental impact assessment were mainly analyzed qualitatively, but quantitative text analysis is developing and being applied to social research. The study examined public involvement by applying quantitative text analysis to the minutes from the meetings of a bridge project in Cambodia. Results of the analysis showed that the discussion about the environmental impacts and alternatives analysis was limited. The study concluded that good and understandable meeting materials, facilitation of discussions, and meetings at an early stage could be key components to improve public involvement, and that good public involvement could rest upon environmental and social awareness of project proponents. Finally the quantitative text analysis showed a valid analysis tool for public involvement. Further research is required to analyze public involvement using quantitative text analysis, focusing on high- or low-interest items to local people, alternatives analysis, and comparisons to other projects.
    Keywords: public involvement , environmental impact assessment , quantitative text analysis , minutes from the meetings
    Date: 2016–01–26
  2. By: Ovadiya,Mirey; Kryeziu,Adea; Masood,Syeda; Zapatero Larrio,Eric
    Abstract: This study examines the role of social protection programming, and programming design and implementation features, that are prominent in fragile and conflict-affected states. The main objective is to build on existing, available information from a sample of fragile and conflict-affected countries and develop operational guidance that addresses policy, design, and implementation issues and offers operational solutions for social protection programming and policy making in different fragile settings. The analysis showcases the universe of social protection objectives that are evident in these countries as well as the programming trends, types, coverage, and expenditure patterns. The paper also examines dimensions specific to fragile and conflict-affected settings in implementing social protection and labor programs, such as social cohesion, the role of community-driven development, and postwar benefits. Finally, the study highlights social protection and labor program delivery in seven different country contexts, and discusses the country-specific programming options chosen to achieve the objectives and overcome capacity and operational constraints.
    Keywords: Rural Poverty Reduction,Social Risk Management,Services&Transfers to Poor,Environmental Economics&Policies,Safety Nets and Transfers
    Date: 2015–04–01
  3. By: Nataliya S. Karpova (National Research University Higher School of Economics)
    Abstract: This paper explores the current changes in the world gas market where Russia has a wide spectrum of economic interests, international projects, as well as problems to be solved in the context with decline in demand and prices for natural gas and other energy commodities, growing contradictions and rivalry among the leading market players, political pressure and the introduction of market restrictions (sanctions). The country needs a new paradigm of development, pre-empting the future and reacting in the moment
    Keywords: world gas markets, key players, demand for energy, price volatility, the Russian gas strategy and projects, challenges of sanctions, strategies for the future.
    JEL: Z
    Date: 2015
  4. By: Davis, John B. (Department of Economics Marquette University); Wells, Tom (Leiden University)
    Abstract: Human development is meant to be transformational in that it aims to improve people’s lives by enhancing their capabilities. But who does it target: people as they are or the people they will become? This paper argues that the human development approach relies on an understanding of personal identity as dynamic rather than as static collections of preferences, and that this distinguishes human development from conventional approaches to development. Nevertheless this dynamic understanding of personal identity is presently poorly conceptualized and this has implications for development practice. We identify a danger of paternalism and propose institutionalizing two procedural principles as side constraints on development policies and projects: the principle of free prior informed consent, and the principle of democratic development.
    Keywords: human development policy, personal identity, paternalism, informed consent, autonomy, democracy, capability approach
    JEL: D63 D99 L31 O15 O29
    Date: 2016–01
  5. By: Pedro Rossi; AndreÌ Biancarelli
    Abstract: The present paper aims to discuss the relationships between the macroeconomic policy fronts (exchange rate, monetary and fiscal) and an ideal development project, whose constituent elements were presented, in part, over the past presidential terms in Brazil, but whose contents need to be revisited, deepened and complemented. This strategy, here called as "social-developmentalist", has its social components contextualized and summarized in the first part of the paper. While the second part focuses on the institutional framework of each of these three policy fronts and assesses their recent conduct in Brazil, in the light of the preceding considerations.
    Date: 2014–05
  6. By: Berta SILVA (School of Business, University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch, South Africa); Ronelle BURGER (School of Economics, University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch, South Africa)
    Abstract: Nongovernmental organisations (NGOs) pursue wide ranging and very diverse projects and they have become more vital for developing countries than ever. They draw public awareness for human rights, promote the development of democratic institutions and seek to improve the well-being of communities by being increasingly engaged in different aspects of socio-economic development, such as health and education. However, NGOs are dependent upon their external environment, especially the financial resource environment. The financial situation of most organisations is negatively affected by constraints to credit, their inability to raise own capital and to engage in profit-making activities, which renders them financially vulnerable. The more financially vulnerable an NGO is, the more difficult it is to pursue long and medium term organisational commitments and goals. This may even result in decreased, interrupted or terminated programmes. This study adapts the methodologies that have previously been used for developed countries to predict financial vulnerability in developing countries. It contributes to the body of empirical literature on development finance, by identifying alternative proxies to assess the financial vulnerability of the NGO sector, including donor conditions, endowments (investments funds or equity) and savings. It takes an empirical approach and examines a selection of studies on the financial vulnerability of NGOs, using data from 295 NGOs in Uganda to explore the possible relationship between organisational characteristics and financial vulnerability. The study confirms the results of previous studies. Revenue concentration and surplus margin are significant predictors of financial vulnerability. The existence of equity is another variable which can help to manage financial vulnerability. The study also found that larger and community funded NGOs are less likely to be financial vulnerable.
    Keywords: financial vulnerability, NGO, funding sources, Uganda, organizational characteristics
    JEL: L30 O55
    Date: 2015
  7. By: Allan Dahl Andersen (TIK Centre, University of Oslo, Norway); Per Dannemand Andersen (DTU Management Engineering, Technical University of Denmark)
    Abstract: We propose that foresight can contribute to inclusive development by making innovation policy processes more inclusive, which in turn makes innovation systems more inclusive. Processes of developing future-oriented innovation policies are often unsuccessful and rarely inclusive. We conceptualize such processes as foresighting. We focus on how the ex-ante design of policymaking processes affects the actual process with a focus on inclusion, and we discuss how it affects policy effectiveness and innovation system transformation. Our argument is that processes of policymaking must be inclusive to affect and transform innovation systems because a set of distributed actors, rather than ministries and innovation agencies, is the gatekeepers of change. From this perspective, inclusion is a precondition rather than an obstacle for transformation. We develop a conceptual framework and use it to study design and processes in two foresight cases in two emerging economies - Brazil and South Korea. Although the research is exploratory and the results tentative, the empirical studies support our main propositions.
    Date: 2016–01

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