nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2015‒06‒05
seven papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  1. The Impact of Aligning IT Capability and Operations Strategy on Operational Performance By Masini, Andrea; Bacchetti , Andrea; Perona, Marco; Zanardini, Massimo
  2. Trust-building in international business ventures By Alexandra Gerbasi; Dominika Latusek
  3. How high-tech entrepreneurs bricole the evolution of business process management for their activities By Severine Le Loarne; Adnane Maalaoui
  4. Infrastructural investments in the Euro 2012 host cities in Poland By Ferrir, Richard
  5. Hackerspaces: A Case Study in the Creation and Management of a Common Pool Resource By Michael R. Williams; Joshua C. Hall
  6. State Aid to Infrastructure: Do Competitively Selected Operators Obtain an Undue Advantage? By Phedon Nicolaides; Nadir Preziosi
  7. The Development of Public-Private Partnerships as a Key Condition for the Solution of Issues of Affordable Housing, the Creation of Social and Engineering Infrastructure By Ivankina, Elena; Rogozhina, N

  1. By: Masini, Andrea; Bacchetti , Andrea; Perona, Marco; Zanardini, Massimo
    Abstract: This paper examines the relationship among IT capability, operations strategy decisions and operational performance. Using primary data from a sample of European firms, the authors test a model of fit between two specific IT capability-building decisions and three competitive priorities, and they analyze the impact of IT capability alignment on several dimensions of process performance. After uncovering three stylized configurations, they note that firms tend to adopt internally coherent IT capability-building decisions but they find only mixed evidence of alignment between IT capability-building decisions and competitive priorities. Interestingly, however, failing to achieve alignment has negative performance consequences but only for firms that develop limited IT capability. Their results suggests that IT plays a central role in the fulfillment of a firm’s operations strategy, not only for firms that pursue differentiation and are interested in improving the effectiveness of their customer-oriented functions, but also for firms seeking efficiency improvements in back-office operations. Although it is, a priori, more expensive, the development of advanced IT capability can support cost leadership strategies more effectively than a frugal approach, as long as IT projects are used to generate operational knowledge and thus improve process efficiency. At the same time, their results cast further doubt on the value of frugal IT capability, even for firms that strive to reduce cost.
    Keywords: Operations strategy; IT capability; process performance; configurations; empirical analysis
    Date: 2015–01–26
  2. By: Alexandra Gerbasi (MTS - Management Technologique et Strategique - Grenoble École de Management (GEM)); Dominika Latusek (Department of Management - Kozminski University)
    Abstract: Purpose: This article investigates collaboration and coordination practices in the organization whose members come from two countries that differ dramatically in generalized trust: Poland and the United States. Design/methodology/approach: A qualitative field study conducted in Silicon Valley-based American-Polish start-up joint venture. Findings: There are three mechanisms can facilitate collaboration in organizations that differ in generalized trust: frequent interaction that may form a basis for knowledge-based trust, professional cultures that provide common platform for communication, and the presence of intermediaries that possess understanding and ability to communicate of both cultures. Practical implications: The findings can be applied in the context of offshoring projects in knowledge intensive industries. Originality/value: Research presented in this paper investigates collaboration of parties from low-trust and high-trust cultures within one business venture.
    Date: 2015
  3. By: Severine Le Loarne (MTS - Management Technologique et Strategique - Grenoble École de Management (GEM)); Adnane Maalaoui (ESG Paris – School of Business)
    Abstract: Purpose: This paper focuses on how entrepreneurs anticipate and change their company's business process management after developing a radical innovation. The paper is based on a critical approach to business process modelling (BPM) that posits that—in spite of all the claims, guides, and tools that companies employ to help them modelise their processes—business processes are developed and improved (or at least changed) by individuals who negotiate, anticipate, and compromise to make these changes occur. Thus, BPM is more a matter of "bricolage" (Levi-Strauss) than an established and defined plan. Based on this position, our paper analyses how a business process model emerges in the early phases of a high tech new venture when the entrepreneur lacks a valid template to form a conceptual representation of the firm's business processes. Design/Methodology/Approach: We adopt a perspective based on the concept of bricolage. By analysing and comparing the discourse of 40 entrepreneurs—20 involved in an activity based on a radical innovation and 20 involved in an activity based on a more incremental concept—we are able to answer the two research questions.
    Date: 2015
  4. By: Ferrir, Richard
    Abstract: The most significant value added by Euro 2012 is undoubtedly the infrastructural changes. The event became a catalyst for the execution of more than two hundred projects for an amount of ca. PLN 100 billion. This paper focuses on the key projects, including above all the road construction projects, as well as those connected to road and rail infrastructure. Considering such significant outlays, the funding the preparation, particularly in a division into private and public sources, becomes an especially important issue. It is the predominant commitment of public funds that creates the need to justify their allocation, chiefly in the case of the sports venues, usually utilised by private sports clubs after the end of the event. Euro 2012 has been compared in this respect with other events of this rank, staged in Europe since the beginning of the 21st century.
    Keywords: Euro 2012, Infrastructural investments, public goods
    JEL: H44
    Date: 2015
  5. By: Michael R. Williams (Olson); Joshua C. Hall (West Virginia University, College of Business and Economics)
    Abstract: Hackerspaces are community-operated physical places where individuals get together to build things. While the organization itself is private, the ‘space’ that is created for individuals to work has elements of a common pool resource (CPR). Previous literature finds technology to be important in effective CPR management. Through an ethnographic study of a hackerspace, we show how technology is crucial for management of the ‘space’. In addition, we highlight how technology is used in hackerspaces to satisfy three of Elinor Ostrom’s design principles for stable CPR management.
    Keywords: common pool resource, design principles, hackerspaces
    JEL: L3 Z13
    Date: 2015–05
  6. By: Phedon Nicolaides; Nadir Preziosi (European Economic Studies Department, College of Europe)
    Abstract: This paper reviews several cases where the Commission presumed that competitively selected operators of large infrastructure projects derived an undue advantage from state aid. The aid was granted to the owners of the infrastructure to supported investment in construction or upgrading. The practice of the Commission is not consistent or clear. The paper also shows that under reasonable assumptions,competitive selection of operators is indeed capable of eliminating any advantage above market rates of return or market rates of cost of capital. The paper demonstrates, both theoretically and with the use of numerical examples, that concession fees take into account any aid that is granted to the owners of infrastructure for its construction or upgrading.
    Keywords: State Aid, Competitive Selection, Auction Theory, Concession Fees, Funding Gap
    JEL: H71 H72 D44 D73 L38
    Date: 2015–05
  7. By: Ivankina, Elena (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA)); Rogozhina, N (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA))
    Abstract: The work is dedicated to the use of public-private partnership (PPP) in the formation of an affordable housing market in Russia and the creation of social and engineering infrastructure. The development of PPPs is extremely important for our country. Currently, PPP in Russia is in its infancy and many aspects, including legislative control, need to be addressed. Of particular relevance is the topic of PPP development in the formation of affordable housing, the creation of social and engineering infrastructure. The paper provides guidance on the introduction and development of different types of PPPs, on the mechanism of the use of PPPs in the regions of the Russian Federation to the creation of affordable housing, social and engineering infrastructure, proposals for the establishment of legal and regulatory environment for the wide use of PPP for projects in the field of affordable housing.
    Keywords: public-private partnership, infrastructure, affordable housing
    Date: 2015–04

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