nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2015‒04‒02
seven papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  1. Political and administrative barriers of implementation of Cohesion policy in Slovakia By Miroslav Å ipikal
  2. Financiamento Público da Pesquisa em Energias Renováveis no Brasil: A Contribuição dos Fundos Setoriais de Inovação tecnológica By Gesmar Rosa dos Santos
  3. Climate-related innovations, crowding out, and their impact on competitiveness By Hottenrott, Hanna; Rexhäuser, Sascha; Veugelers, Reinhilde
  4. Information and Communication Technologies for Health Systems Strengthening By Kate Otto; Meera Shekar; Christopher H. Herbst; Rianna Mohammed
  5. FastWOOD II: Züchtung schnellwachsender Baumarten für die Produktion nachwachsender Rohstoffe im Kurzumtrieb - Erkenntnisse aus 6 Jahren FastWOOD By Liesebach, Mirko (Ed.)
  6. Financing Infrastructure in Developing Countries By Antonio Estache; Tomas Serebrisky; Liam Wren-Lewis
  7. Subsídios Para Repensar o Sistema Federal de Planejamento By Ronaldo Coutinho Garcia; José Celso Cardoso Jr

  1. By: Miroslav Å ipikal (University of Economics in Bratislava)
    Abstract: We can observe an increase assessment of cohesion policy. It is linked with the growing amount of support spend on this policy as well as need for greater efficiency in the use of these resources due to the crisis in government spending . Evaluations are dedicated to a large number of areas a including assessing the impact of aid, its effectiveness at reducing regional disparities or procedural aspects of implementation of the support. Only a limited number of studies is devoted to political and administrative burdens and their influence on cohesion policy. That impact is difficult to measure, although it greatly affects the ability of cohesion policy to achieve its objectives. The most significant problems should be considered e.g. the way the procurement of evaluation is done, methods of making the criteria for project evaluation and their control or non-publication of results and poor feedback for applicants. The article also analyzes the factors affecting the speed of the whole evaluation process, where the most significant factor seems election and not the number of projects or their content.
    Keywords: structural funds, cohesion policy, political influence, Slovakia
    JEL: R58 E61 H00
    Date: 2014–12
  2. By: Gesmar Rosa dos Santos
    Abstract: Este artigo descreve as características do apoio financeiro à pesquisa em energias renováveis (ERs) dentro dos Fundos Setoriais de Inovação Tecnológica do Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação (MCTI). O objetivo é identificar o perfil desse apoio e compreender como os fundos, que são o principal mecanismo estatal de financiamento à pesquisa no Brasil, respondem aos desafios nesta área em que o país é grande expoente. Para tanto, utilizou-se base de dados do próprio MCTI, relativa ao período 1999-2012, contendo mais de 35 mil projetos, com o emprego de metodologia descritiva centrada em estatísticas básicas, e uma breve comparação com os sistemas de apoio à pesquisa e inovação neste tema na Alemanha e nos Estados Unidos. O trabalho identificou 1.893 projetos de pesquisa na área, espalhados nos diversos fundos. Como resultados, destacam-se o pequeno porte do financiamento e uma grande abrangência de temas, com prioridade para biomassa energética e infraestruturas. Os dados apontam, ainda, uma trajetória de descontinuidade nos desembolsos, registrando-se queda acentuada nos anos 2011 e 2012. This article describes the characteristics of the Brazilian financial support for research on renewable energy within the Innovation Sector Funds, managed by the Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação (MCTI). The main objective of this paper is to identify the profile of this support and understanding what extent the funds respond to the challenges in renewable energy in an area that Brazil is a global exponent. We use MCTI database for the period 1999-2012, containing over 35,000 projects. The methodology is based on descriptive data, basic statistics and a brief comparison with the Germany´s and the United States of America´s systems of support to the research and innovation. The study identified 1,893 research projects in the renewable energy area. The results highlight the small funding and a wide range of topics with priority for biomass energy and laboratory infrastructure. The data also indicate a discontinuity in the trajectory of disbursements and show a sharp decline in new projects in 2011 and 2012.
    Date: 2015–03
  3. By: Hottenrott, Hanna; Rexhäuser, Sascha; Veugelers, Reinhilde
    Abstract: Within the last few decades, rising environmental concerns, particularly about global climate change, have forced policy-makers to act in an effort to mitigate further harm. Yet though greenhouse gas emissions and the wasteful use of natural resources are detrimental to the environment, policy-makers are reluctant to enact any green legislation that might undermine national competitiveness. This is the main reason why governments often fail to agree on legally binding emissions targets on the international level. Many now see the solution to lie in the development of new environmental technologies, which promise to address environmental problems while maintaining a strong economy and competitiveness. This ZEW project examines the effects of environmental technology on competitiveness, especially as it relates to the governmental regulation of pollutants. A key determinant for the proliferation of green technology - and for tackling the environmental problems they are meant to solve - is whether they produce positive returns.
    Abstract: Wachsende Umweltbelange haben in den letzten Jahrzehnten den Druck auf politische Entscheidungsträger erhöht, Maßnahmen zur Verhinderung weiterer ökologischer Schäden zu ergreifen. Doch obwohl Treibhausgasemissionen und der verschwenderische Umgang mit natürlichen Ressourcen schädlich für die Umwelt sind, zögert die Politik, umweltfreundliche Gesetze zu implementieren, von denen Nachteile für die nationale Wettbewerbsfähigkeit befürchtet werden. Viele sehen daher die Lösung in der Entwicklung umweltfreundlicher Technologien, die ökologische Probleme lindern könnten, ohne die Wettbewerbsfähigkeit zu beeinträchtigen. Der Einfluss von Innovationen mit Umweltwirkung auf die Wettbewerbsfähigkeit ist Gegenstand dieser ZEW-Studie.
    Date: 2014
  4. By: Kate Otto; Meera Shekar; Christopher H. Herbst; Rianna Mohammed
    Abstract: Information and communication technologies (ICT) for health or eHealth solutions hold great potential for generating systemic efficiencies by strengthening five critical pillars of a health system: human resources for health, supply chain management, health care financing, governance and service delivery, and infrastructure. This report describes the changing landscape of eHealth initiatives through these five pillars, with a geographic focus on Sub-Saharan Africa. This report further details seven criteria, or prerequisites, that must be considered and addressed in order to effectively establish and scale up ICT-based solutions in the health sector. These criteria include infrastructure, data and interoperability standards, local capacity, policy and regulatory environments, an appropriate business model, alignment of partnerships and priorities, and monitoring and evaluation. In order to bring specific examples of these criteria to light, this report concludes with 12 specific case studies of potentially scalable ICT-based health care solutions currently being implemented across the globe at community, national, and regional levels. This report is intended to be used by development practitioners, including task team leaders at the World Bank, to strengthen their understanding of the use of ICT to support health systems strengthening (HSS) efforts as well as to highlight critical prerequisites needed to optimize the benefits of ICT for health.
    Keywords: access to information, access to the Internet, action plan, action plans, advertising, analog, authentication, bandwidth, barcodes, basic, best practices, Birth Attendant ... See More + birth attendants, blog, business model, business models, businesses, capabilities, capacity building, Child Health, clinics, coding, commodities, COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES, communication technology, communications technologies, communications technology, communities, COMMUNITY HEALTH, Community Portal, components, computer systems, computers, connectivity, customization, data analysis, data entry, data transmission, data transmissions, day-to-day operations, decision making, decision support tools, delivery system, delivery systems, devices, digital, digital assistant, digital content, Digital Development, digital infrastructure, Distribution channel, e-learning, e-mail, electricity, end users, end-user, enterprise resource planning, equipment, family planning, financial management, financial management systems, Financial Services, financial systems, financial transactions, functionality, Global Positioning System, government offices, GPS, growth strategy, hardware, harmonization, health care, health care access, health care expenditures, health care financing, health centers, health education, Health Extension, health information, Health Information System, health interventions, Health Management, Health Organization, health outcomes, Health Policy, Health promotion, health sector, health services, Health Specialist, health system, HEALTH SYSTEMS, HEALTH SYSTEMS STRENGTHENING, hospitals, human capacity, Human Development, human resource, human resource development, human resources, ICT, implementation plans, implementations, income, Informatics, information flows, information Service, Information System, information system standards, Information Systems, Information Technology, Innovation, innovations, installation, institution, Institutional Support, Intellectual Property, Intellectual Property Rights, Interactive Voice Response, interconnectivity, interoperability, intervention, inventory, inventory management, IVR, JAVA, know-how, knowledge management, knowledge sharing, legal framework, licenses, listservs, localization, Logistics Systems, management software, Management System, market demand, market opportunities, Marketing, material, medicines, menus, messaging, midwifery, Mobile Network, mobile networks, mobile phone, mobile phones, mobile telephony, Network Organization, networks, new market, new technologies, nurses, Nutrition, online network, open source software, open standards, operating system, paradigm shift, patient, patients, payment systems, pdf, penetration rate, personal digital assistant, PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE, physicians, pilot project, pilot projects, policy frameworks, posters, power supplies, pregnancy, pregnant women, private partnership, private partnerships, private sector, private sectors, procurement, product availability, programming, protocol, public health, public health care, publishing, Radio, regulatory environment, regulatory environments, regulatory framework, reliability, REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH, result, results, Satellite, Satellite connections, satellites, searchable database, servers, service providers, sexual health, simulation, sites, smart cards, social development, software development, Source code, supervision, supply chain, supply chain management, systems management, taxonomy, technical expertise, technical support, technological infrastructure, Technology Park, telecom, telecommunications, telecommunications infrastructure, Telephone, telephone service, terminals, user, user community, user IDs, users, Uses, vaccination, verification, videos, waste, web, website, websites, wellness, Workers, workstations
    Date: 2015–01
  5. By: Liesebach, Mirko (Ed.)
    Abstract: In den 1980er und 1990er Jahren förderte das Bundesministerium für Ernährung und Landwirtschaft (BMEL) den Bereich der Energieholzproduktion auf landwirtschaftlich genutzten Flächen mit der Finanzierung von Forschungs- und Entwicklungs-Vorhaben. Mit Gründung der Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe e.V. (FNR) im Jahr 1993 ging die Projektträgerschaft auf diese über. Die Ergebnisse des Modellvorhabens "Schnellwachsende Baumarten", die u.a. Fragen des Anbaus und Abstandsversuche beinhalteten, wurden in der Schriftenreihe "Nachwachsende Rohstoffe", Band 13 (1999) veröffentlicht. Ab dem Jahr 2006 wurde die Förderung wieder intensiviert und die züchterische Verbesserung der relevanten Baumarten für den Kurzumtrieb als wichtige Forschungsaufgabe benannt. Im Oktober 2008 startete das Verbundvorhaben FastWOOD mit Beteiligung von 8 Partnern, staatliche und private Forschungseinrichtungen sowie Universitäten, das den Neubeginn der Pappelzüchtung in Deutschland darstellt. Gegenstand des Verbundvorhabens FastWOOD "Züchtung schnellwachsender Baumarten für die Produktion nachwachsender Rohstoffe im Kurzumtrieb" ist die Entwicklung und Bereitstellung von Vermehrungsgut der Kategorie "Geprüft" als Voraussetzungen für einen großflächigen und wirtschaftlichen Anbau von Pappeln, Weiden und Robinien zur Produktion von Biomasse. Dazu gehören die Erzeugung und Prüfung von in ihrer Leistungsfähigkeit und Widerstandskraft verbesserten Klone, Klonmischungen und Nachkommenschaften. Forstpflanzenzüchtung ist eine langfristige Aufgabe. Erste Neuzulassungen beruhen auf der Auswertung von Versuchen, die vor der Förderung von FastWOOD angelegt wurden. Mit Neuzulassungen aus FastWOOD ist erst in etwa 5 Jahren zu rechnen. Die Ergebnisse der ersten Projektperiode (2008-2011) wurden in Hann. Münden vorgestellt (Beiträge aus der NW-FVA, Band 8, 2012). Das Abschluss-Symposium der zweiten Förderperiode (2011-2014) wurde vom Thünen-Institut für Forstgenetik in Berlin ausgerichtet und endete mit einer Exkursion zu Versuchsflächen, die während des FastWOOD-Projekts in Müncheberg und Buckow/Märkische Schweiz angelegt wurden. Im vorliegenden Band werden die Vorträge des Abschluss-Symposiums 2014 der Öffentlichkeit bekannt gemacht. Dem BMEL ist für die Förderung über die FNR gedankt.
    Abstract: In the 1980s and 1990s the German Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture (BMEL) supported research and development projects to produce energy wood on agricultural sites. In 1993 the Agency for Renewable Resources e.V. (FNR) was established to coordinate research, development and demonstration projects in the field of renewable raw materials. The results of the demonstration project "Fast growing tree species" (eg. testing the suitability of species, clones and spacing) were published in the series "Nachwachsende Rohstoffe" (No. 13, 1999). Since 2006, the funding was intensified and the improvement of fast growing tree species for short rotation coppice plantations was identified as relevant research topic. In October 2008 the joint project FastWOOD (8 partners: state owned and private research intitutes and universities) was launched, and with the project a new phase of poplar breeding within Germany. The aim of the joint project 'Breeding of fast growing varieties of the genus Populus, Robinia and Salix for the production of renewable resources in short rotation intensive cultures' (FastWOOD) is the improvement and development of forest reproductive material in the category "Tested" to establish productive short rotation coppice plantations. These include the improvement and testing of progenies, clones and clone mixtures with regard to yield and pest and disease resistant. Forest tree breeding is a long process, therefore, new varieties and forest reproductive material of the category "Tested" are based on trials established before FastWOOD. The first approvals from the FastWOOD project will take approximately another five years. The results of the first funding period (2008-2011) were presented at a meeting in Hannoversch Münden and the presentations published in the 'Beiträge aus der NW-FVA' (No. 8, 2012). The final meeting of the second funding period (2011-2014) was organised by the Thünen Institute of Forest Genetics in Berlin, on September 2.-3., 2014, and included an excursion to project sites near Müncheberg and Buckow / Märkische Schweiz (Brandenburg). This Thünen Report presents twentyfour symposium papers. Although most of the papers are written in the German language, two are in English. The BMEL and the FNR are thanked for their financial support of the project.
    Keywords: Züchtung,Pappel,Weide,Robinie,Kurzumtrieb,breeding,poplar,willow,black locust,short rotation coppice
    Date: 2015
  6. By: Antonio Estache; Tomas Serebrisky; Liam Wren-Lewis
    Abstract: This article develops a theoretical framework to analyze options for financing infrastructurein developing countries. We build a basic model that gives motivations for usinga combination of public finance, private debt and private equity. The model is thenextended in a number of ways to examine a variety of factors that are important fordeveloping countries when considering financing choices. We focus in particular on keyinstitutional weaknesses that are often important for infrastructure investment. Overall,we show that such weaknesses can be key in determining financing choices, but that theydo not all push in the same direction. Financing schemes must therefore be adapted toconsider the institutional limitations that are most pertinent in any given context.
    Keywords: finance; development; infrastructure
    JEL: G32 G38 H54 O16
    Date: 2015–03
  7. By: Ronaldo Coutinho Garcia; José Celso Cardoso Jr
    Abstract: A presente reflexão integra um projeto mais amplo cujo objetivo é produzir sugestões para a reformulação do processo de planejamento do governo federal e, mais à frente, ofertar elementos de natureza metodológica e organizativa para a elaboração do Plano Plurianual (PPA) 2016-2019. A ideia de preparar subsídios para repensar o sistema federal de planejamento está motivada pela necessidade de reformá-lo em profundidade, o que se pretende mostrar evidente. Mas, principalmente, pela viabilidade tecnopolítica de empreender tal reforma, pois os recursos críticos requeridos para levá-la à frente estão quase todos sob o controle do Poder Executivo federal. A principal dificuldade para a tarefa refere-se a conseguir alocar o tempo dos principais dirigentes a ela. Ou seja, conseguir fazer dominante a compreensão de que o tempo despendido com a reforma não é tempo perdido ou dedicado a coisa menor, mas tempo aplicado na preparação das condições mais estruturais para fazer melhor e mais rápido mais à frente. Em outras palavras, é um tempo utilizado para se produzir mais tempo. This reflection is part of a larger project whose goal is to produce suggestions for reshaping the planning process of the federal government and, further, offering elements of methodological and organizational nature for the preparation of the Multiyear Plan (PPA) 2016-2019. The idea of preparing federal subsidies to rethink the planning system is motivated by the need to reform it in depth, which is intended to show evident. But mostly, the technopolitical feasibility of undertaking such reform as critical resources required to carry it forward are almost all under the control of the Federal Executive Branch. The main difficulty for the task relates to achieve allocate the time of the main leading to this task. Ie, able to make dominant understanding that the time spent with the reform is not lost time or dedicated the smallest thing, but time applied in the preparation of the structural conditions to make better and faster later on. In other words, a time taken to produce longer.
    Date: 2015–03

This nep-ppm issue is ©2015 by Arvi Kuura. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
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NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.