nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2015‒03‒13
six papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  1. “Sustainability; A New Element of Project Success” “From whose point of view is Velodrome Park and Wind Turbine projects considered a success or failure?” By Kaysi, Serhat
  2. A typology of impact pathways generated by a public agricultural research organization By Matt, M.; Colinet, L.; Gaunand, A.; Joly, P.B.
  3. Casos Reais de Implantação do modelo de Gestão do Conhecimento Para a Administração Pública Brasileira: A Experiência do Governo de Minas Gerais By Fábio Ferreira Batista; Margarida Maria Souto Fantoni; Marco Aurélio Zancanela do Carmo; Renato de Alcino Vieira
  4. The awareness and willingness of air travellers to pay for voluntary carbon offsets and their co-benefits By Cheung, Jimmy; Kragt, Marit; Burton, Michael
  5. Identification and Estimation of Auctions with Incomplete Contracts: A Structural Analysis of California Highway Construction Projects By An, Yonghong; Tang, Xun
  6. Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Toolbox: BRT Person Throughput-Vehicle Congestion Tradeoffs By Jingquan, Li; Chan, Ching-Yao; Zhou, Kun; Zhang, Wei-Bin

  1. By: Kaysi, Serhat
    Abstract: There are plenty of reasons why a project to fail. While all projects strive to succeed, many of them are either over budget or unable to deliver their objectives and that is the reason almost 90 % of all projects either become restarts or fail. On the other hand, project success is possible and there are some other essential criteria to accomplish that. London Olympic Committee and ODA believed the Olympic projects were successful, delivered on time and within the budget. Was that really the case? Although there were many facts to consider that the event was a “triumph”, many believe projects were not delivered within budget and there was an undelivered failed project. Moreover, from whose point of view the entire event would be a complete triumph, success or failure still arguable? This research believes that there were many perspectives and different opinions about the games and therefore, business, user and suppliers point of views were explained to understand why there would be always different opinions and perspectives on the events. In order to create successful and valuable projects “sustainability” becomes paramount for project management. The researcher proposes that project management has a lot to learn from sustainability. Especially, Velodrome Park and Wind Turbine projects represent great examples of success and failure, respectively.
    Keywords: Sustainability, Project success and Failure, London Olympics, Velodrome and Wind Turbine
    JEL: M00 R0 Z00
    Date: 2013–05–14
  2. By: Matt, M.; Colinet, L.; Gaunand, A.; Joly, P.B.
    Abstract: This paper builds a typology of impact pathways generated by an agricultural public research organization, namely INRA (National Institute for Agronomic Research). The typology is built by codifying 32 standardized case studies providing rich qualitative information about the impact pathway and a quantitative assessment of a vector of impacts. We identify five classes of typical impact pathways characterized by specific mechanisms related to the positioning and role of actors in various networks of translation. One Class is characterized by long-term partnerships, generating high impacts. INRA coordinates complex research projects and structures the diffusion process to facilitate market access. In a second Class INRA conducts long term risky collaborative projects thanks to accumulated knowledge and infrastructures. Impacts are high. Market for technologies cases are pooled in Class 3 and correspond to classical IP commercialization. Impacts are lower. Cases in Class 4 are technological options allowing new possible uses that encounter diffusion obstacles. Class 5 encompasses all cases with political impacts as main dimension.
    JEL: H43 A13 C39
    Date: 2015
  3. By: Fábio Ferreira Batista; Margarida Maria Souto Fantoni; Marco Aurélio Zancanela do Carmo; Renato de Alcino Vieira
    Abstract: O presente estudo analisa a utilização do modelo de gestão do conhecimento para a administração pública brasileira (MGCAPB) e da metodologia de implantação do Plano de Gestão do Conhecimento (PGC), ambos fundamentados no livro, publicado pelo Ipea, intitulado Modelo de gestão do conhecimento para a administração pública brasileira (Batista, 2012). O trabalho apresenta o MGCAPB e as etapas de implementação do PGC; descreve o histórico da gestão do conhecimento (GC) no governo de Minas Gerais; narra a evolução das discussões em torno da fundamentação do modelo e da organização dos processos de GC; relata a implementação da GC com base no plano estadual e nos planos setoriais; discute o processo de implantação do MGCAPB na Polícia Civil de Minas Gerais (PCMG); aborda a implantação do MGCAPB na Polícia Militar de Minas Gerais (PMMG); apresenta as lições aprendidas com a adoção do MGCAPB e com a utilização da metodologia de implementação do PGC, assim como descreve os resultados preliminares obtidos pelos três órgãos do governo de Minas Gerais. No trabalho, argumenta-se que a experiência do governo do estado de Minas Gerais mostra que tanto o modelo como a metodologia de implementação da gestão do conhecimento podem ser úteis a outros governos estaduais. Salienta-se, também, que como a experiência da Secretaria de Planejamento e Gestão de Minas Gerais (Seplag/MG), da PCMG e da PMMG e o início da implementação do plano estadual e dos planos setoriais de GC são ainda muito recentes, não é possível ainda avaliar o impacto das iniciativas de GC no desempenho das instituições. Por isso, recomenda-se a realização de estudos nos próximos anos para verificar a existência de relação de causa e efeito entre as práticas de GC implantadas e os resultados organizacionais, isto é, aumento da eficiência dos processos de trabalho, melhoria da qualidade dos serviços prestados à população e efetividade dos programas e projetos. This paper analyses the application of the knowledge management framework for the Brazilian public administration (MGCAPB) and the methodology of Knowledge Management Plan implementation (PGC), both based on the book published by Ipea entitled Knowledge Management Framework for the Brazilian Public Administration (Batista, 2012). The work presents the MGCAPB and the implementation stages of the PGC, the KM history in the government of Minas Gerais and the debate about the foundations of the framework and KM processes organization. Moreover, it describes KM implementation based on the state plan and sectorial plans; the MGCAPB implementation process in the Civil Police of Minas Gerais (PCMG), the MGCAPB implementation in the Military Police of Minas Gerais (PMMG). Finally, the paper points out lessons learned with the application of the MGCAPB and the methodology of KM Plan implementation, as well as preliminary results achieved by three agencies of the Minas Gerais government. The authors argue that the experience of Minas Gerais government shows that both the framework and the methodology of KM Plan implementation (PGC) may be useful for other state governments. The paper stresses also that the experience of the Planning and Management Secretariat of Minas Gerais (Seplag/MG), PCMG and PMMG and the beginning of the implementation of KM sectorial plans and of the KM state plan are very recent so it is early to assess the KM initiatives impact on organizational performance. Therefore, future studies are recommended to verify if KM initiatives are bringing organizational results such as: process efficiency, quality improvement of services provided for citizens and projects and programs effectiveness.
    Date: 2015–02
  4. By: Cheung, Jimmy; Kragt, Marit; Burton, Michael
    Abstract: Several airlines in Australia have initiated voluntary carbon offset (VCO) programs, called 'Fly Carbon Neutral', to encourage their customers to offset the carbon emissions of their flight. A VCO scheme aims to 'neutralise' emissions from a particular activity, by compensating with carbon reduction projects in another sector. As well as carbon sequestration, these activities often bring secondary benefits such as wildlife protection. There are currently few studies about the awareness and willingness to pay to offset carbon emission from flying. This paper conducted a choice experiment study to address this knowledge gap, by estimating Australian air travellers' willingness to pay for different attributes of carbon offset projects. Analyses reveal that values for carbon offset projects depend on respondent's perceptions of the importance of the aviation industry's contribution to the global carbon emissions, membership of environmental organisation, education level, income and their age. Results show that the majority of respondents preferred to not buy an offset. Of those respondents willing to buy an offset, most preferred renewable energy projects located in their own state over reforestation or forest protection projects in other states or overseas. The results will provide a better understanding of air travellers' preference, thus to improve future carbon offset policies making.
    Keywords: Carbon offsets, Aviation industry, Willingness to pay, Choice experiments, Choice modelling, Australia, Environmental Economics and Policy, Q51, Q57,
    Date: 2015–03–05
  5. By: An, Yonghong; Tang, Xun
    Abstract: We introduce a structural model of procurement auctions with incomplete contracts, where a procurer chooses an initial project specification endogenously. The contract between the procurer and the winner of the auction is incomplete in that the two parties may agree to adopt a new feasible specification later, and negotiate an additional transfer via Nash Bargaining where both parties’ disagreement values depend on the auction price. In a Perfect Bayesian Equilibrium, contractors competing in the auction take account of such incompleteness while quoting prices. We show that the model primitives are non-parametrically identified and propose a feasible estimation procedure. Using data from highway procurement auctions in California, we estimate the structural elements that determine the hold-up due to incompleteness, and infer how a contractor’s bargaining power and the mark-up in the price quoted vary with its characteristics and the features of the construction project. We also find that ignoring the existence of contract incompleteness in the structural analysis of the bidding data leads to substantial over-estimation of the mark-ups in the prices.
    Keywords: Identification, estimation, incomplete contracts, procurement auctions
    JEL: C14 D44
    Date: 2015–02
  6. By: Jingquan, Li; Chan, Ching-Yao; Zhou, Kun; Zhang, Wei-Bin
    Abstract: This report documents a research effort to understand the current practice and issues associated with Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) planning and deployment. It reviewed the design options incorporated into existing BRT deployments across California and the nation. The project team interviewed practitioners of California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) Districts and transit agencies to understand the BRT project approval decision-making process, the impacts of BRT implementation and the Measures of Effectiveness (MOEs) for transit and non-transit system performance. The studies revealed that though Caltrans and transit agencies do use a similar set of MOEs for the evaluation of BRT projects, the emphasis and parametric assumptions for the MOEs may be different and can influence the results of the evaluation. Other evaluation criteria and factors must be considered. This study concluded that a systematic approach needs to be developed and taken in the BRT planning process.
    Keywords: Engineering, Bus rapid transit, measures of effectiveness, evaluation, traffic congestion, California Department of Transportation
    Date: 2015–03–11

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