nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2014‒06‒07
seven papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Parnu College - Tartu University

  1. Collaboration networks in a French cluster: do partners really interact with each other? By Bastien Bernela; Rachel Levy
  2. Le Project Clinique du Ministère de la Santé et des services sociaux du Québec sous la loupe du cadre logique By Abdullah Afzal; Jacques-Bernard Gauthier
  3. Connecting South Asia to Southeast Asia: Cross-Border Infrastructure Investments By Gautrin, Jean-Francois
  4. Study of Government Interventions for Employment Generation in the Private Sector By Israel, Danilo C.; Ballesteros, Marife M.
  5. Public-Private Collaboration on Productive Development in Chile By Andrés Zahler; Claudio Bravo; Daniel Goya; José Miguel Benavente
  6. Analysing the European ICT Poles of Excellence: Case Studies of Inner London East, Paris, Kreisfreie Stadt Darmstadt, Dublin and Byen Kobenhavn By Daniel Nepelski; Giuditta de Prato
  7. Necessity Entrepreneurship and Competitive Strategy By Block, Jörn; Kohn, Karsten; Miller, Danny; Ullrich, Katrin

  1. By: Bastien Bernela (CRIEF - Centre de Recherche sur l'Intégration Economique et Financière - Université de Poitiers); Rachel Levy (LEREPS - Laboratoire d'Etude et de Recherche sur l'Economie, les Politiques et les Systèmes Sociaux - Université des Sciences Sociales - Toulouse I : EA4212 - École Nationale de Formation Agronomique - ENFA - Institut d'Études Politiques [IEP] - Toulouse - Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II)
    Abstract: We discuss the common hypothesis that, in collaborative projects, all partners interact with each other in homogeneous ways. More precisely, this research aims to determine the existence and frequency of Partner interactions in a collaborative project. From a survey of participants involved in innovation projects approved by a cluster, we collect information about 754 collaboration ties. We then test the impact of several determinants on the existence and frequency of their observed interactions.
    Keywords: Collaboration tie, interaction, inter-organizational networks, cluster, complete graph
    Date: 2014–05–05
  2. By: Abdullah Afzal (Université du Québec en Outaouais); Jacques-Bernard Gauthier (Université du Québec (Outaouais))
    Abstract: Le Québec a fait du Projet (Clinique) le pivot de son système de santé. Si sur le plan stratégique cela dénote une certaine audace, sur le terrain le Projet Clinique tarde à s¹implanter. Bien que le management de projet soit une approche de gestion privilégiée par le Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, les documents stratégiques cadrant le Projet Clinique ne reposent pas sur une méthode largement répandue en management de projet, celle du cadre logique. Dans ce working paper, nous soumettons le Projet Clinique à la méthode du cadre logique de sorte à faire ressortir certains défis, risques et enjeux. Quebec has made the (Clinical) Project the hub of its health system. While this may indicate a certain amount of daring in terms of strategic planning, the implementation of the Clinical Project is slow. Even though project management is a managerial approach favoured by the Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec (ministry of health and social services), the strategic framework documents for Clinical Projects are not based upon a widely-used management method, namely, the logical framework. In the present working paper, we will use the logical framework method on the Clinical Project in order to bring out certain challenges, risks and issues.
    Keywords: Gestion de projet; services de santé.
    JEL: M10
    Date: 2014–05–28
  3. By: Gautrin, Jean-Francois (Asian Development Bank Institute)
    Abstract: Most of the trade between South Asia and Southeast Asia is by sea. However, with improved infrastructure and easier border crossing procedures, land traffic could grow to boost trade in goods, services, and tourism between the subregions. The purpose of the study is to analyze how to strengthen connectivity between the two subregions. Specifically, it is concerned with the role of cross-border transport infrastructure investments to improve connectivity. The author reviews all possible road and rail land corridors that would help create seamless transport connectivity. Missing gaps and corresponding transport infrastructure projects are identified, and projects are screened and prioritized. For the selected critical projects, the study recommends phased investments.
    Keywords: cross border infrastructure investments; South Asia and Southeast Asia; seamless infrastructure; road and rail land corridor
    JEL: F36 H41 H54 O22
    Date: 2014–05–28
  4. By: Israel, Danilo C.; Ballesteros, Marife M.
    Abstract: Economic growth in the Philippines has not been accompanied by significant improvements in employment. Government thus implemented Active Labor Market Programs or ALMPs as one of the strategies to improve employability of disadvantaged sectors. The programs are specifically targeted to skilled, semi-skilled, and low-skilled workers in the community through the infrastructure and non-infrastructure projects of national government agencies, local government units, government-owned and -controlled corporations, government financial institutions, and public-private partnerships in the national, regional, provincial, city, and municipal levels. Overall, ALMPs have been primarily adopted as stop-gap measures to address adverse effects of economic crisis on employment. The employment performance of these programs appears transitory and short term. Although some programs exceeded the employment targets, it is not clear how these numbers are translated at the macro level. The programs are apparently intended to address other social issues such as poverty reduction, social/human development or community development rather than for providing net employment impact. These inferences however need to be validated through in-depth impact analysis of specific programs, which has not been possible under this study. To provide effective evaluation of these studies, there is a need to create convergence and agreements among key departments with regards to the methodology and definitions in identification and counting of jobs. The absence of central monitoring and evaluation office in each department has also created difficulty in identifying and integrating information and data.
    Keywords: Philippines, employment, active labor market program (ALMP)
    Date: 2014
  5. By: Andrés Zahler; Claudio Bravo; Daniel Goya; José Miguel Benavente
    Abstract: This Working Paper provides an in-depth analysis of public-private collaboration (PPC) in Chilean productive development policies (PDPs) through five case studies under two specific polices: the Technology Consortia Program and the National Cluster Policy. The analysis is based on a set of more than 30 semi-structured, in-depth interviews, and is complemented by official written information on the workings of each of the instruments and particular cases. The most significant conclusion that emerges is the importance of having institutions that allow the government to learn from the implementation of new policies in order to improve them over time.
    Keywords: Industrial Policy, Public Private Partnerships, Public-private collaboration, Productive development, Chile
    Date: 2014–05
  6. By: Daniel Nepelski (European Commission – JRC - IPTS); Giuditta de Prato (European Commission – JRC - IPTS)
    Abstract: The EIPE project aims to identify activities related to ICT R&D and innovation which are geographically concentrated and which demonstrate high performance: the European ICT Poles of Excellence. Besides providing a comprehensive map of ICT-related activity in Europe, the project looks at five NUTS3 regions that can be considered as key elements of the European ICT landscape, i.e. Inner London East, Paris, Kreisfreie Stadt Darmstadt, Dublin and Byen Kobenhavn. The study identifies the strengths and weaknesses of each place and provides an overview of policy measures that were undertaken in each of them to facilitate the development of ICT R&D, innovation and business activities.
    Keywords: ICT; information and communication technologies; innovation, R&D, ICT industry; region; Europe; Poles of Excellence; clusters; indicators; methods
    JEL: O32 O52 R12 R28
    Date: 2014–04
  7. By: Block, Jörn (University of Trier); Kohn, Karsten (KfW Bankengruppe); Miller, Danny (HEC Montreal); Ullrich, Katrin (KfW Bankengruppe)
    Abstract: Many start-ups chose to compete with incumbent firms using one of two generic strategies: cost leadership or differentiation. Our study demonstrates how this choice depends on whether the startup was founded out of necessity. Our results, based on a representative data set of 4,568 German start-ups, show that necessity entrepreneurs are more likely than other entrepreneurs to pursue a cost leadership strategy, and less likely to pursue a differentiation strategy. Decomposition analyses further show that up to half of the difference in choice of strategy can be attributed to distinct endowments of human capital, socio-economic attributes, and start-up project characteristics that correlate with necessity entrepreneurship.
    Keywords: cost leadership, competitive strategy, new venture strategy, necessity entrepreneurship, product differentiation, decomposition analysis
    JEL: L10 L26
    Date: 2014–05

This nep-ppm issue is ©2014 by Arvi Kuura. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
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