nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2012‒10‒27
four papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Parnu College - Tartu University

  1. The dynamics of innovation influents: contracts and sustainable energy innovation uptake By Satu Reijonen; Rebecca Pinheiro-Croisel
  2. Innovation without design ? The dynamics of role making and the gradual emergence of the collective designer By Rebecca Pinheiro-Croisel; Tor Hernes
  3. State aid modernization and its implications for the assessment of large investment projects: The relevance of market screens in the regional aid guidelines By Hans W. Friederiszick; Nicola Tosini
  4. Technology in the clean development mechanism: the role of host country characteristics. By Gisèle Schmid

  1. By: Satu Reijonen (Department of Organization - Copenhagen Business School); Rebecca Pinheiro-Croisel (CGS - Centre de Gestion Scientifique - Mines ParisTech)
    Abstract: Despite a growing interest, sustainable energy innovations encounter difficulties in attaining market success. This paper investigates the role of contracts, a hitherto understudied innovation influent, in generating more conducive conditions for sustainable energy innovations in building projects. With the help of two case studies we identify three dynamics evoked by specific types of building contracts with sustainability focus: the dynamics of thinking beyond the habitual, the dynamics of reverse calculation, and the dynamics of countability. These dynamics change the prevailing level of ambition of the project and the ways in which the benefits and costs are calculated and thereby create a strong entanglement of the sustainable energy innovation and the design project. Furthermore, the dynamics lead to favouring of uptake of existing innovations rather than generating completely novel solutions. The article concludes with a discussion about the possibilities of policy intervention for innovation supportive dynamics in construction projects.
    Keywords: innovation; sustainable energy; processuality; geothermal heating; bio-climatic design
    Date: 2012–08–28
  2. By: Rebecca Pinheiro-Croisel (CGS - Centre de Gestion Scientifique - Mines ParisTech); Tor Hernes (Department of Organization - Copenhagen Business School)
    Abstract: This paper explores innovation and social behaviourist theory in relation to sustainable urban projects in the highly institutionalized public sector (towns). Using empirical data from France, we examine the dynamics of a design process in which unexpected practices generated innovative urban design. We show how the fact that the design process did not follow the standard phases of planning meant that the actors redefined themselves in relation to one another. We point out how the absence of urban design plans during a precise phase of an innovative design process drew the actors into a movement of collective action, which presupposed the acquisition of a new identity. Ultimately, our objective is to combine social behaviourist theory and innovation theory and to facilitate innovative design in urban projects.
    Keywords: design process; innovation; urban studies
    Date: 2012–06–01
  3. By: Hans W. Friederiszick (ESMT European School of Management and Technology); Nicola Tosini (E.CA Economics)
    Abstract: The Regional Aid Guidelines foresee specific screens for an in-depth assessment of Large Investment Projects (LIPs): an in-depth assessment is initiated if the market share of the aid beneficiary is above 25% or the investment results in a capacity expansion above 5% in a declining market. It is currently being discussed within the broader State Aid Modernization package and also due to a recent court ruling on the case Propapier whether these market screens should stay as they are. Based on a dataset of all LIP cases notified under the 2006 Regional Aid Guidelines, we evaluate those market screens and find that the screens do have power to identify problematic cases – cases with a below average expected aid effectiveness and aid measures targeting specific industries. We also find, however, that the market screens are affected by a severe implementation problem and, hence, do not help to shorten phase I investigations. From a conceptual perspective, they are also not capable of identifying some of the potentially most problematic regional State aid cases. Policy options are discussed.
    Keywords: competition policy, regional state aid, subsidies, anti-competitive effects
    JEL: H81 L4 O25 R58
    Date: 2012–10–18
  4. By: Gisèle Schmid
    Abstract: Technology transfer is not an explicit objective of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). It however constitutes a potential co-benefit by helping to improve living conditions in developing countries. Understanding the drivers and barriers of technology transfer in CDM projects is therefore essential to direct investment flows in host countries and enhance the current CDM framework. In this respect, the contribution of this paper is twofold. First, it identifies stepping stones and stumbling blocks to technology transfer in the CDM. Higher applied tariff rates on environmental goods and services as well as burdensome administrative procedures to start a new business are found to be negatively associated with the likelihood of a technology transfer. The results are robust to the exclusion of large host countries from the sample, like China and India. Second, as an extension, the paper analyses the correspondence of these supporting factors and barriers with the likelihood of a transfer of the different types of technology (equipment, knowledge or both). The paper concludes with policy recommendations for Non-Annex I governments, and suggestions for improvements to the CDM to better assess technology transfer in offsetting projects.
    Keywords: Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), technology transfer, Non-Annex I countries
    Date: 2012–02

This nep-ppm issue is ©2012 by Arvi Kuura. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.