nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2012‒06‒05
six papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Parnu College - Tartu University

  1. SOA development and service identification: A case study on method use, context and success factors By Börner, René; Goeken, Matthias; Rabhi, Fethi
  2. Do balanced skills help nascent entrepreneurs to make progress in the venture creation process? By Stuetzer, Michael; Goethner, Maximilian; Cantner, Uwe
  3. The relevance of content in ICT initiatives in Indian agriculture : By Glendenning, Claire J.; Ficarelli, Pier Paolo
  4. Knowledge systematisation and the development of a business function: the case of design By D’Ippolito,Beatrice; Miozzo,Marcela; Consoli,Davide
  5. Large shareholders and firm risk-taking behavior By Boubaker, Sabri; Nguyen, Pascal; Rouatbi, Wael
  6. Local identity and food and wine communication as a lever for place marketing By Paolo Enria

  1. By: Börner, René; Goeken, Matthias; Rabhi, Fethi
    Abstract: Although SOA development and service identification are widely discussed among academics and practitioners alike, little is known about how they are performed in practice. Thus, this paper investigates how SOA development and service identification work in real-life projects. An explorative single case study analysis is chosen as research methodology. It analyzes the ADAGE project, in which researchers implemented a service-oriented architecture in an Australian company. Furthermore, a situation-specific research process is developed. Elements of grounded theory and interpretative techniques are used to analyze interviews and documentations and to generalize the findings. Subsequently, 16 observations that describe SOA development and service identification in the ADAGE case are identified. Through generalization, these observations are transformed into hypotheses. In order to guide this generalization, both principles of interpretative field studies as well as abstraction mechanisms of conceptual modeling are utilized. The analysis of data and the generalization are accompanied by permanent comparison to discussions in related literature. A set of model fragments illustrating relationships of certain concepts and abstract categories are a major result of this case study. Aditionally, a number of opportunities for further research are outlined. --
    Keywords: Service-oriented Architectures,Service Identification,Business Process Management,Web Services,Case Study Research
    JEL: L86 M15 O32
    Date: 2012
  2. By: Stuetzer, Michael; Goethner, Maximilian; Cantner, Uwe
    Abstract: We analyze longitudinal data on innovative start-up projects and apply Lazear’s jack-of-all-trades theory to investigate the effect of nascent entrepreneurs’ balanced skills on their progress in the venture creation process. Our results suggest that those nascent entrepreneurs who exhibit a sufficiently broad set of skills undertake more gestation activities towards an operational new venture. This supports the notion that a balanced skill set is an important determinant of entrepreneurial market entry.
    Keywords: Nascent entrepreneurship; balanced skills; new venture creation
    JEL: L26 J24 M13
    Date: 2012–05–01
  3. By: Glendenning, Claire J.; Ficarelli, Pier Paolo
    Abstract: In the past decade, many information and communication technology (ICT) projects in Indian agriculture have emerged, either substituting or supporting extension services by providing farmers with access to agricultural information. ICTs have the potential to reach many farmers with timely and accessible content. But the content that the ICTs deliver has more relevance if it is localized and context specific, as this improves the value and actionability of the information, which can have important impacts on farm management. The localization of content is influenced by how the ICT projects access, assess, apply, and deliver content. This paper examines the content development and management processes occurring in six well-known ICT projects in Indian agriculture. There are important lessons to be learned from a case study of this process. Content management and development through ICTs is important to examine because public extension services may be able to increase their efficiency and effectiveness by using these tools to support their work with farmers. Though there are differences in scale and mechanisms of delivery and feedback, all of the case study projects use a network of experts in relevant fields to provide content, though the extent of localization varies. Despite the best efforts of these and many other e-agriculture initiatives in India, there is no easy way for their collective knowledge to be tapped, tracked, and put to use across the different platforms. In fact, there is a critical missing link to bridge the gaps between local or parochial access and serving public needs. To mainstream such ICT efforts and knowledge management in agriculture for rural livelihoods, it is necessary to put in place a centralized search engine, or harvester, to access the decentralized and dispersed digital agricultural information repositories and network of experts.
    Keywords: agricultural extension and advisory services, content management, information and communication technology,
    Date: 2012
  4. By: D’Ippolito,Beatrice; Miozzo,Marcela; Consoli,Davide
    Abstract: Drawing on evidence on the home furnishing sectors in Italy during the XX century, the aim is to understand the instituted processes that facilitated the translation of design know-how from being project-specific to becoming relevant to broader remits. The paper contributes to the debate on industry evolution by incorporating the institutional dimension to the organisational  and technological changes taking place at both firm and industry level. 
    Keywords: Industry emergence, growth of the firm, division of knowledge, division of labour, business function, design, Italian furniture, home furnishing
    JEL: O33 L84 D83
    Date: 2012–05–30
  5. By: Boubaker, Sabri; Nguyen, Pascal; Rouatbi, Wael
    Abstract: We investigate whether multiple large shareholders (MLS) affect corporate risk-taking. Using hand-collected data on French publicly-listed companies over the period 2003-2007, we show that the presence, number and voting power of MLS, other than the largest controlling shareholder (LCS), are associated with greater variability in operating performance (ROA), market value (Tobin’s Q) and stock returns. In contrast, the presence of a single LCS is associated with less variability in firm performance, especially when the divergence between the LCS’s control and cash flow rights is large. This result suggests that MLS are able to prevent the LCS from dictating her preference for low-risk projects in order to protect her future consumption of private benefits. As a consequence, firms undertake better investments regardless of their intrinsic risks, and this eventually leads them to achieve higher performance. MLS are thus confirmed to play a critical role in corporate governance.
    Keywords: Risk-taking; large shareholders; corporate governance; benefit of control
    JEL: G34 G32
    Date: 2012–05–24
  6. By: Paolo Enria
    Abstract: Having defined place marketing and taken into consideration the public and private actors who contribute to the design of a strategic plan for the promotion of a local area, food and wine products are analyzed as an example of assets that can be emphasized in order to add value to the identity of a specific place and on which to build communication activities. The use of the concepts of “identity” and “spirit of a place” combined with the use of food and wine products as an example of typical local production can be a useful departure point around which to organize local development projects, especially if they are included in a coordinated promotion programme for the whole country. In fact, even while keeping the salient characteristics of each area distinct, it is necessary to plan combined promotion and communication policies, so as to promote local products as well as the historical, cultural and natural contexts in which they are produced, making the entire qualitative potential of our country more perceptible to the eyes of possible domestic and foreign investors and users.
    JEL: M31 M39 O18 O20
    Date: 2012–06

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