nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2012‒01‒03
seven papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Parnu College - Tartu University

  1. Data collection on inter-organizational projects By Jan de Kok
  2. Optimal Coexistence of Long-term and Short-term contracts in Labor Markets By Inés Macho-Stadler; David Pérez-Castrillo; Nicolás Porteiro
  3. The use of expatriates in the offshoring of services - Framework and research propositions By Florence Duvivier; Carine Peeters
  4. Le mécanisme de développement propre : un outil pour le développement ? By Hana Alioui
  5. Entrepreneurial Overconfidence, Self-Financing and Capital Market Efficiency By Michele Dell'Era; Luis Santos-Pinto
  6. Implementing the Clean Development Mechanism in Vietnam: potential and limitations By Nhan Thanh Nguyen; Minh Ha-Duong; Sandra Greiner; Michael Mehling
  7. Creation of public use files: lessons learned from the comparative effectiveness research public use files data pilot project By Erdem, Erkan; Prada, Sergio I

  1. By: Jan de Kok
    Abstract: From 2006 to 2011, EIM and the department of Organization Studies from UvT (UvT-OW) have participated in a temporary inter-organizational project. The aim of this project was to construct various databases with information on interorganizational projects and firms participating in them. These databases can be used for scientific and applied research into characteristics and performance of inter-organizational projects (IOPs). One of the databases constructed by EIM and UvT-OW is a database that contains information on various aspects of inter-organizational projects that involve (small and medium-sized) enterprises from either the construction sector or the knowledge-intensive business services (KIBS), where these aspects are judged by several (mostly 2) people involved in each project. This document describes how the information for this database has been collected1.
    Date: 2011–12–22
  2. By: Inés Macho-Stadler (Department of Economics, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona); David Pérez-Castrillo (Department of Economics, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona); Nicolás Porteiro (Department of Economics, Universidad Pablo de Olavide)
    Abstract: We consider a market where firms hire workers to run their projects and such projects differ in profitability. At any period, each firm needs two workers to successfully run its project: a junior agent, with no specific skills, and a senior worker, whose effort is not verifiable. Senior workers differ in ability and their competence is revealed after they have worked as juniors in the market. We study the length of the contractual relationships between firms and workers in an environment where the matching between firms and workers is the result of market interaction. We show that, despite in a one-firm-one-worker set-up long-term contracts are the optimal choice for firms, market forces often induce firms to use short-term contracts. Unless the market only consists of firms with very profitable projects, firms operating highly profitable projects offer short-term contracts to ensure the service of high-ability workers and those with less lucrative projects also use short-term contracts to save on the junior workers' wage. Intermediate firms may (or may not) hire workers through long-term contracts.
    Keywords: Labor contracts, short-term, long-term, matching, incentives.
    JEL: D86 C78
    Date: 2011–11
  3. By: Florence Duvivier; Carine Peeters
    Abstract: This paper studies the propensity of using expatriates as one type of international transfer assignees in the context of service offshoring operations. It proposes a theoretical framework that explains the choice of using expatriates as a function of the five main characteristics of offshoring projects: the objectives pursued with offshoring - cost savings, service and process improvement, or innovation and learning -, the type of task offshored - more or less advanced -, the host country risks – the inter-firm relationship or the environmental uncertainty to the offshoring firm -, the offshore governance mode - captive or outsourcing -, and the size of the project. The framework also incorporates firm level moderating factors that are experience (with offshoring and with expatriations) and size. Research propositions provide a framework for companies and researchers to approach international transfer assignment decisions for service offshoring activities in a more systematic way.
    Keywords: offshoring; services; expatriates; international assignment
    Date: 2011–12
  4. By: Hana Alioui (USTV UFR SEG - Université Sud-Toulon-Var - UFR Sciences économiques et de gestion - Ministère de l'Enseignement Supérieur et de la Recherche Scientifique)
    Abstract: L'application des projets de mécanisme de développement crée des avantages et des inconvénients sur les pays en voie de développement. Dans ce cadre, les pays émergents vont bénéficier d'un impact positif de ces projets de MDP qui entraînent un transfert de technologies, une hausse des revenus, des créations d'emplois, une baisse de la pauvreté,... alors que les pays les plus pauvres (Afrique) vont bénéficier d'un impact négatif à cause de la faible part des projets de MDP sur ce continent.
    Keywords: PMD, projet de mécanisme de développement, MDP, mécanisme de développement propre, pays émergents, pays les plus pauvres, transfert de technologies, pauvreté, revenus, emploi, Afrique
    Date: 2011–06–14
  5. By: Michele Dell'Era; Luis Santos-Pinto
    Abstract: This paper studies the impact of entrepreneurial overconfidence on self-financing and capital-market efficiency. We generalize Rochet and Freixas (2008) model of competitive capital markets with adverse selection by assuming some entrepreneurs are overconfident and others underconfident. We show that the existence of biased entrepreneurs lowers the equilibrium fraction of projects' self-financing. We find that entrepreneurial overconfidence reduces capital-market effciency when (i) no entrepreneur is underconfident or (ii) risk aversion is low and the ratio of overconfident to underconfident entrepreneurs is high. However, overconfidence improves capital-market efficiency when risk aversion is high and the ratio of overconfident to underconfident entrepreneurs is moderate.
    Keywords: signaling; overconfidence; market efficiency; self-finance
    JEL: D82 G11 G14 G32
    Date: 2011–10
  6. By: Nhan Thanh Nguyen (CIRED - Centre International de Recherche sur l'Environnement et le Développement - CIRAD : UMR56 - CNRS : UMR8568 - Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) - Ecole des Ponts ParisTech - AgroParisTech); Minh Ha-Duong (CIRED - Centre International de Recherche sur l'Environnement et le Développement - CIRAD : UMR56 - CNRS : UMR8568 - Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) - Ecole des Ponts ParisTech - AgroParisTech); Sandra Greiner (Climate Focus - Climate Focus B.V.); Michael Mehling (Ecologic Institute - Ecologic Institute)
    Abstract: The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) in Vietnam is used way below its full potential. In spite of efforts to further CDM projects in the recent years, Vietnam still lags behind the comparable neighboring countries in term of registered CDM projects. Especially, though 2008 and 2009 have seen a fast growth in the pipeline in the country but only 14 projects were registered as at 2 December 2009. This development progress is low to the country's greater potential and makes it as a late starter on the global CDM rise when the window of opportunity created by the first Kyoto Protocol period has almost closed. This paper analyzes the barriers explaining this late start and slow catch-up. It suggests strategic policy recommendations which could increase the attractiveness of investment business in the context of climate change protection in Vietnam.
    Keywords: climate policy; development; vietnam
    Date: 2011
  7. By: Erdem, Erkan; Prada, Sergio I
    Abstract: In this paper we describe lessons learned from the creation of Basic Stand Alone (BSA) Public Use Files (PUFs) for the Comparative Effectiveness Research Public Use Files Data Pilot Project (CER-PUF). CER-PUF is aimed at increasing access to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) Medicare claims datasets through PUFs that: do not require user fees and data use agreements, have been de-identified to assure the confidentiality of the beneficiaries and providers, and still provide substantial analytic utility to researchers. For this paper we define PUFs as datasets characterized by free and unrestricted access to any user. We derive lessons learned from five major project activities: (i) a review of the statistical and computer science literature on best practices in PUF creation, (ii) interviews with comparative effectiveness researchers to assess their data needs, (iii) case studies of PUF initiatives in the United States, (iv) interviews with stakeholders to identify the most salient issues regarding making microdata publicly available, and (v) the actual process of creating the Medicare claims data BSA PUFs.
    Keywords: Public use files; PUFs; re-identification; de-identification; Medicare claims; comparative effectiveness research; confidentiality; data utility
    JEL: H11 H51 C4
    Date: 2011–09–13

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