nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2011‒11‒21
five papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Parnu College - Tartu University

  1. The development of long term relationships between consultants and project managers in construction supply chain in Malaysia By Faisol, Nasruddin; Jaafar, Harlina Suzana
  2. Supply Portfolio Concentration in Outsourced Knowledge-Based Services By Moeen, Mahka; Somaya, Deepak; Mahoney, Joseph T.
  3. The regressive demands of demand-driven development By Baird, Sarah; McIntosh, Craig; Ozlera, Berk
  4. Feedback Effects and the Limits to Arbitrage By Alex Edmans; Itay Goldstein; Wei Jiang
  5. Innovation, productivité et exportation : Y-a-t-il un effet d'auto-sélection consciente? Une étude empirique sur les PMI de basse-Normandie. By Mohammad Movahedi, University of Caen Basse-Normandie - CREM-CNRS, France; Olivier Gaussens, University of Caen Basse-Normandie - CREM-CNRS, France

  1. By: Faisol, Nasruddin; Jaafar, Harlina Suzana
    Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of the study is to explore the relationship development process between consultants and a project management firm in Malaysia. Research approach: This qualitative study was based on 6 in-depth semi-structured interviews which were carried out with the owners and senior managers of five consultant firms (an architect, quantity surveyors and structural and civil consultants) and the director of a project management firm. The data were analysed using thematic analysis method. Findings and Originality: Although theoretically, a well developed relationship has to go through five phases of relationship development process (awareness, exploration, expansion, commitment and dissolution), the findings reveal that every consultant’s relationship with the project management firm appeared to exhibit additional developmental stages to those which are established within the literature. The results revealed that the practices that lead to a successful or failed inter-organisational relationship are greatly influenced by interpersonal factors rather than the organisation’s performance-related factors. Research impact: This study has explored various ways in which the cultural values play significant roles in the development of long term relationships among organisations in the construction supply chain. Practical impact: This study brings new dimensions in the context of inter-organisational construction supply chain through the significant use of cultural values, which could be practiced by other supply chains.
    Keywords: relationship development process; personal relationship; cultural values; indebtedness; construction supply chain
    JEL: D23 L2 D2 Z1
    Date: 2011–07
  2. By: Moeen, Mahka (University of MD); Somaya, Deepak (University of IL); Mahoney, Joseph T. (University of IL)
    Abstract: In the extant vertical integration literature, the question of how the firm's portfolio of outsourced work is managed across suppliers has been relatively understudied. We seek to advance this area of research by examining factors that influence how concentrated the firm's outsourcing is among its set of suppliers. Using data on the outsourcing of patent legal services, we find empirical evidence that outsourced knowledge-based service work is concentrated in the hands of fewer suppliers when: (1) it requires greater firm-specific knowledge; (2) there is a higher level of interrelatedness across outsourced projects; (3) the firm's reliance on outsourcing is high; (4) its outsourced projects are focused on a narrower (capability) domain; and (5) the technological dynamism of this domain is low. Our study suggests that examining portfolio-level phenomena in outsourcing is a useful complement to the predominant focus on transaction-level outcomes in prior research because it provides insights into how firms manage tradeoffs across their entire set of outsourced projects.
    Date: 2011
  3. By: Baird, Sarah; McIntosh, Craig; Ozlera, Berk
    Abstract: Despite their explicit focus on reaching the poor, many community driven development (CDD) projects have been found to be only mildly pro-poor in their funding allocations. This paper presents evidence of an explanation that has been overlooked in the CDD literature to date: the requirement that beneficiaries must apply for projects in order to receive support. The authors first examine data on the universe of project applications and funding under Tanzania's flagship CDD program, Tanzania's Social Action Fund, and then use a census of 100 program villages to examine the determinants of both program awareness and program participation at the household level. The data paint a consistent picture at both levels: wealth, access to information, and political capital are important correlates of the ability to navigate the application process successfully. The centrally dictated features of this decentralized program appear to be the most effective mechanisms in directing funds to the poor. The results suggest that unless demand-driven projects can develop ways of soliciting engagement from a broader cross-section of the population, they are unlikely to achieve truly progressive targeting.
    Keywords: Rural Poverty Reduction,Housing&Human Habitats,Poverty Monitoring&Analysis,Services&Transfers to Poor,Regional Economic Development
    Date: 2011–11–01
  4. By: Alex Edmans; Itay Goldstein; Wei Jiang
    Abstract: This paper identifies a limit to arbitrage that arises from the fact that a firm's fundamental value is endogenous to the act of exploiting the arbitrage. Trading on private information reveals this information to managers and helps them improve their real decisions, in turn enhancing fundamental value. While this increases the profitability of a long position, it reduces the profitability of a short position -- selling on negative information reveals that firm prospects are poor, causing the manager to cancel investment. Optimal abandonment increases firm value and may cause the speculator to realize a loss on her initial sale. Thus, investors may strategically refrain from trading on negative information, and so bad news is incorporated more slowly into prices than good news. The effect has potentially important real consequences -- if negative information is not incorporated into stock prices, negative-NPV projects may not be abandoned, leading to overinvestment.
    JEL: G14 G34
    Date: 2011–11
  5. By: Mohammad Movahedi, University of Caen Basse-Normandie - CREM-CNRS, France; Olivier Gaussens, University of Caen Basse-Normandie - CREM-CNRS, France
    Abstract: This paper presents an analysis of the relationship between innovation, productivity and exports regarding the SMEs. The main research aim of this study consists in analyzing the hypothesis of firms’ conscious self-selection in the export markets. To measure innovation, we consider the dimensions of technological as well as non technological innovation, as defined by the Oslo Manual (2005). To achieve this, we use the database of SMEs obtained from the survey conducted in the project IDEIS. First, we highlight the existence of export as well as innovation apparent premium, i.e. the advantage of exporting (innovative) firms versus non-exporting (not innovative) ones in terms of productivity. In addition, we demonstrate the effectiveness of the export premium for firms carried out process and organization innovations with the enough exportation. Finally we show the firms’ conscious self-selection in export markets in endogenizing productivity through innovation.
    Keywords: Innovation, Productivity, Exportation, Conscious self-selection
    JEL: F1 O3 D2 L25 C14 C3
    Date: 2011–09

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