nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2010‒10‒02
five papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Parnu College - Tartu University

  1. Modelling Agricultural Public R&D Cofinancing Within A Principal-Agent Framework. The case of an Italian region By Valentina Cristiana MATERIA; Roberto ESPOSTI
  2. The Management of Contemporary Cultural Landscapes in Linear Infrastructure Projects By Bertè, Elena
  3. LGU Access to Official Development Assistance (ODA): Status, Issues, and Concerns By Brillantes, Alex Jr. B.; Llanto, Gilberto M.; Alonzo, Ruperto P.
  4. Proximity is a Social Process - A Conceptual Framework. By Anja Dettmann; Thomas Brenner

  1. By: Valentina Cristiana MATERIA (Universita' Politecnica delle Marche, Dipartimento di Economia); Roberto ESPOSTI (Universita' Politecnica delle Marche, Dipartimento di Economia)
    Abstract: This paper analyses how a public institution chooses the optimal contract (cofinancing rate) in funding agricultural R&D research projects. A theoretical model is developed within a principal-agent framework taking into account the asymmetric information both players have to handle. The researcher (the agent) initially does not know the cofinancing granted by the funding institution (the principal). This latter, in turn, only observes some objective features of the researchers and of the selected research projects and, ex post, the research outcome, but not the agent's actual effort on the project. The principal uses the available information to offer the cofinancing rate (the contract) that, under specific contractual clauses, induces the agent's effort that maximizes principal's utility. The model eventually assumes the form of a Stackelberg-type game. An empirically testable relation is also derived from the theoretical model and is then applied to the agricultural R&D programme funded by the Italian region Emilia-Romagna over years 2001-2006.
    Keywords: Censored-Normal Regression, Principal-Agent Problem, Public R&D Funding, Stackelberg-type game
    JEL: O32 Q16
    Date: 2010–09
  2. By: Bertè, Elena (University of Trento)
    Abstract: This paper aims at reasoning upon the development of contemporary cultural landscapes: do they exist or do only historic cultural landscapes exist? Is it possible to provide an interpretative reading of cultural landscapes through a comprehension of their structure? Does the planning process have a role in developing cultural landscape dynamics? Many scholars have analyzed cultural landscapes under an historical perspective, nevertheless, an investigation concerning their contemporary potential structure in literature is missing. According to this research, contemporary cultural landscapes are based on an intertwined presence of local-upper local durable dynamics, and differ from historic ones for this stronger relationship. A shared vision estimates the improvement of linear infrastructures decisive for territories development. Linear infrastructures are an exemplificative, limit case of the relationships between local and upper dynamics, as they derive from rationalities of upper levels but they physically cross local territories. Here the challenge with contemporary cultural landscapes: is it possible to support/activate cultural landscape dynamics within linear infrastructure projects? An interpretative model to evaluate the presence of contemporary cultural landscapes will be carried out and applied to three Italian linear infrastructures. The aim is that of starting up the elaboration of a method to support the development of contemporary cultural landscapes in planning processes.
    Keywords: contemporary cultural landscapes; linear infrastructures; interpretative model; durable dynamics
    JEL: R10
    Date: 2009–12–30
  3. By: Brillantes, Alex Jr. B.; Llanto, Gilberto M.; Alonzo, Ruperto P.
    Abstract: Statistics on the distribution of ODA loans show that the local government sector is the smallest direct recipient of this funding source. While it has been observed that the amount of ODA grants and the number of ODA grant projects have been declining over the years, several factors could explain why LGUs have not been able to have a substantial share in ODA funds. The study discusses barriers to the greater of LGUs to ODA funds and provides specific recommendations for action by policymakers.
    Keywords: local government unit, official development assistance, Philippines, ODA programming, grant financing framework, cost sharing, foreign borrowing act, Philippine Development Forum
    Date: 2010
  4. By: Anja Dettmann (Department of Geography, Philipps University Marburg); Thomas Brenner (Department of Geography, Philipps University Marburg)
    Abstract: Spatial proximity is assumed in the literature to be a prerequisite and trigger for cooperation and, subsequently, innovation. This paper examines conceptually the role of proximity between actors for cooperation activities. Using theories and findings from social psychology and combining them with geographical issues, it provides new insights into the emergence and development of professional collaborative relationships and the role that spatial proximity plays. Thereby the paper stays on the level of individuals (micro-level) and explains how the willingness to collaborate emerges and how local partner priorities are developed.
    Keywords: Collaboration, Partner Choice, Proximity, Innovation, Geography
    JEL: L14 O32 R10
    Date: 2010–09
  5. By: Rémi Jardat (ISTEC - Institut supérieur des Sciences, Techniques et Economie Commerciales - ISTEC)
    Abstract: We have conducted a field research on philanthropic “tsunami” projects in South-eastern India that are embedded in a quiet complex governance scheme (French Firm funding, execution by local NGOs, consolidated management by a French federation of NGOs), in which the classical notions of fraud and transparency prove to very ambiguous, so that accounting cannot be the main source of control. We show that the opacity of events at microscopic operational level is a mandatory condition for institutionalization of accounted “facts”. Therefore, we establish the importance of “translation” effects in the sense of Actor Network Theory (ANT). Beyond transparency that translation institutionalizes trough accounts, we raise an irreducible part of ignorance and incertitude that necessarily comes with every attempt to build knowledge for governance.
    Keywords: Transparency, ANT, Translation, India, NGO, Institutionalization
    Date: 2010–03–25

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