nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2007‒04‒21
seven papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Parnu College - Tartu University

  1. Efficiency in Public Research Centers: Evaluating the Spanish Food Technology Program By Jiménez-Sáez, Fernando; Zabala-Iturriagagoitia, Jon Mikel; Zofío, José Luis
  2. Multifamily Properties: Opting In, Opting Out and Remaining Affordable By HUD - PD&R
  3. Assessing the costs of organised health programs: The case of the National Cervical Screening Program By Marion Haas; Marian Shanahan; Rob Anderson
  4. Baltic Entrepreneurship Partners (BEPART)From Interregional and International Cooperation to Regional Impact of Entrepreneurship Promotion By Christoph Diensberg
  5. Les infrastructures de transport et la logique financière du partenariat public-privé : quelques paradoxes By Alain Bonnafous
  6. The French Multimodal Fund Case Study, Annex 4 to REVENUE Project Deliverable 4, “Report on the Implementation of Interurban Case Studies” By Charles Raux; Aurélie Mercier; Stéphanie Souche
  7. the developmental role of small projects in the Arab countries By ALASRAG, HUSSIEN

  1. By: Jiménez-Sáez, Fernando (INGENIO (CSIC-UPV)-Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain); Zabala-Iturriagagoitia, Jon Mikel (INGENIO (CSIC-UPV)-Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain); Zofío, José Luis (Departamento de Análisis Económico (Teoría e Historia Económica). Universidad Autónoma de Madrid.)
    Abstract: We rely on efficiency analysis to evaluate the Spanish R&D public policy based on financial incentives, and investigate to what extent this instrument has been able to promote a multidimensional research output mix, contributing to the articulation of a successful Spanish Food Innovation System. Introducing the use of the generalized distance function within DEA techniques, we assess whether this policy has encouraged the creation, strengthening and promotion of efficient public research units, whose activities present a balanced and comprehensive production of complementary research outputs −personnel training, science and technology results, and socio-economic collaboration with the private sector. Characterizing the alternative ways in which the different research units have been participating in the Spanish Food Technology Program, and hence their role within the innovation system, we conclude that R&D policy efforts have not succeeded in orienting research units toward a balanced output research mix due to wrong incentives and the lack of a sustained budget that would enable the consolidation of emerging research units. Furthermore, we observe that the majority of research units channel their efforts toward achieving science-technology results related to publications and submitted patents, instead of increasing socio-economic results that would strengthen the articulation and efficiency of the innovation system.
    Keywords: Innovation System Management; Research Efficiency; Data Envelopment Analysis
    JEL: C61 D78
    Date: 2007–03
  2. By: HUD - PD&R
    Abstract: The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD's) assisted project-based multifamily properties are privately owned properties representing a significant component of federally assisted housing for low-income families. This is in contrast to the public housing stock, which is publicly owned and operated. The HUD-assisted project-based multifamily housing stock includes more than 22,000 properties with more than 1.5 million units. They were developed under programs that were created in the 1960s and 1970s to supplement the public housing program, as part of a policy change that aimed to promote more privately owned development of affordable housing.
    JEL: H00
    Date: 2006–01
  3. By: Marion Haas (CHERE, University of Technology, Sydney); Marian Shanahan (National Drug & Alcohol Research Centre, UNSW); Rob Anderson (Peninsula Technology Assessment Group (PenTAG) & Institute for Health & Social Care)
    Abstract: Economic evaluations of health care programs are relatively common. However, the costs reported often use budgetary information alone, rather than undertake the potentially more complex task of using a variety of routinely collected data for which adjustments and assumptions will need to be made. Relative to the effort required for an individual-level costing exercise, investigating the costs of a health care program targeted at a population or group is likely to be a more complex and difficult undertaking. This paper describes the process of undertaking a program-level cost analysis, using principles developed to ensure the quality of such evaluations. Documenting the costs of the National Cervical Screening Program is used to illustrate the approach and the difficulties encountered, assumptions made and solutions employed are discussed. Despite the limitations to estimating the costs of health programs identified in this paper, evaluators can take full advantage of the data available by using a systematic description of the program as a basis for costing, testing the assumptions and adjustments needed using the expertise available within a specifically appointed advisory or working group and using sensitivity analysis to provide a greater level of confidence in the results.
    Keywords: Cervical screening, economic evaluation, Australia
    JEL: I10
  4. By: Christoph Diensberg (Economics and Business Education, University of Rostock Hanseatic Institute for Entrepreneurship and Regional Development HIE-RO)
    Abstract: This article illustrates the case of the international network project BEPART (Baltic Entrepreneurship Partners) with its activities in entrepreneurship promotion. It starts with some basic thoughts on the understanding of entrepreneurship. The article then turns to European and regional development issues in the Baltic Sea Region by trying to show how the project work responds to related challenges. The next step describes the project goals and structure. Ten propositions on regional entrepreneurship promotion are presented as they represent a set of shared basic assumptions inside the network. They are also intended to be a tool for inducing more far reaching improvements in the field. Knowledge exchange and its effects are another issue that is highlighted. The article touches the topic of evaluation and learning within the project, and finally turns to innovations in entrepreneurship education and its foundations
    Keywords: entrepreneurship promotion, entrepreneurship education, Baltic Sea Region, regional development
    JEL: A2 D8 L2 R5
    Date: 2006
  5. By: Alain Bonnafous (LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - [CNRS : UMR5593] - [Université Lumière - Lyon II] - [Ecole Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'Etat])
    Abstract: L'implication d'opérateurs privés dans le financement, la construction et l'exploitation d'infrastructures publiques sont de plus en plus fréquemment explorées par la puissance publique. Cette tendance a ses raisons, dont le souci de minimiser la dépense publique qui est souvent évoqué. Mais quelles sont les conséquences d'une faible rentabilité financière du projet sur le choix entre opérateur public ou privé ? Le choix du privé n'est-il pertinent que lorsque cette rentabilité est forte ?<br />La réponse à ces questions tient, en particulier, à un paradoxe de la rentabilité financière : en supposant que les opérateurs publics et privés aient la même efficience, tout projet qui ne peut être autofinancé requiert plus de subvention si le privé est choisi, mais le surcoût correspondant pour les finances publiques est d'autant plus faible que la rentabilité du projet est elle-même faible.<br />Cet article propose une démonstration de ce paradoxe et en décline quelques conséquences, y compris en cas de meilleure efficience de la part de l'opérateur privé.
    Keywords: infrastructures de transport ; financement ; rentabilité financière ; partenariat public-privé
    Date: 2007–04–11
  6. By: Charles Raux (LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - [CNRS : UMR5593] - [Université Lumière - Lyon II] - [Ecole Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'Etat]); Aurélie Mercier (LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - [CNRS : UMR5593] - [Université Lumière - Lyon II] - [Ecole Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'Etat]); Stéphanie Souche (LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - [CNRS : UMR5593] - [Université Lumière - Lyon II] - [Ecole Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'Etat])
    Abstract: In December 2003, the French government decided to implement an ambitious transport policy with a set of significant transport infrastructure projects. So as to finance a part of this policy a new public funding agency, called AFITF ("Agence pour le Financement des Infrastructures de Transport de France") was implemented the 1st January 2005.<br />AFITF took over from the FITTVN ("Fonds d'Investissement pour les Transports Terrestres et les Voies Navigables") which was created in 1995 to re-launch public investment in transport infrastructures and abolished the 1st January 2001. The succession of investment funds underlines the persistent need for an everlasting transport investment financing.<br />The main objective of successive French governments is an everlasting (or “sustainable”) transport investment financing with the concern of opening up less developed areas. To reach this aim, we focus our case study on important questions like revenues, pricing rule, equity and efficiency issues:<br />• Which revenues to obtain a “sustainable” transport investments financing?<br />• Which pricing rule for financing in an efficient way?<br />• Which allocation between modes for optimal efficiency and for equity?<br />• How will AFITF be “accepted” by different transport actors (motorways companies, road users, rail users...) and poor and rich regions inhabitants?<br />Financing “sustainability”, efficiency and equity issues are addressed by the means of the Molino model and acceptability aspects through an analysis of the creation and ending of the FITTVN.<br />The first part of the case study is devoted to the investment funds feasibility question through the FITTVN example.<br />The second part of the case study is devoted to the assessment of regulation schemes.
    Keywords: transport infrastructures ; investment ; regulation schemes ; sustainable mobility ; France ; REVENUE
    Date: 2007–04–16
    Abstract: The research aims to study the developmental role of small projects in the Arab countries in the light of the growing interest in it, through the identification of the concept and importance of small projects for the Arab States, the most important challenges facing development, and resort tries to propose a number of research hubs for the development and activation of this important sector in the Arab countries.
    Keywords: small projects ; the Arab countries
    JEL: Z0
    Date: 2007–04–17

This nep-ppm issue is ©2007 by Arvi Kuura. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.