nep-pol New Economics Papers
on Positive Political Economics
Issue of 2023‒12‒18
five papers chosen by
Eugene Beaulieu, University of Calgary

  1. Female Preferences in the Electorate and Political Representation by Female and Male Legislators By Kläy, Yves; Portmann, Marco; Stadelmann, David; Eichenberger, Reiner
  2. The Political Economy of Domestic and External Sovereign Debt By Hermann, Tim; Scholl, Almuth
  3. Ability or motivation? Voter registration and turnout in Burkina Faso By Ozdemir, Ugur; Ozkes, Ali; Sanver, Remzi
  4. Forerunners vs. latecomers: Institutional competition in the German federalism during the COVID crisis By Breide, Lukas; Budzinski, Oliver; Grebel, Thomas; Mendelsohn, Juliane
  5. An Unintended Consequence of Gender Balance Laws: Mafia Fuels Political Violence By Anna Laura Baraldi; Giovanni Immordino; Erasmo Papagni; Marco Stimolo

  1. By: Kläy, Yves; Portmann, Marco; Stadelmann, David; Eichenberger, Reiner
    JEL: J16 D72 H50
    Date: 2023
  2. By: Hermann, Tim; Scholl, Almuth
    JEL: F34 H63 E62 F41 D72
    Date: 2023
  3. By: Ozdemir, Ugur; Ozkes, Ali (SKEMA Business School); Sanver, Remzi
    Abstract: 2015 elections in Burkina Faso marked a regime change driven by the public uprisings of the year before. The elections were widely taken transparently and freely run, in contrast to past experiences. However, only around two-thirds of the registered voters, who constitute around two-thirds of the voting-age population, cast their vote in the elections. Using data from an original survey experiment, we investigate the determinants of participation in these elections, focusing on the process --- looking at both the registration and voting stages. Using a two-stage sample selection model, we find that socio-demographic and economic indicators are important only in the registration stage, whereas ethnicity becomes the prominent factor in the turnout decisions.
    Date: 2023–11–06
  4. By: Breide, Lukas; Budzinski, Oliver; Grebel, Thomas; Mendelsohn, Juliane
    Abstract: The COVID pandemic caused the political competition between the prime ministers of the German states to reach its peak. Whoever is the best at announcing, launching, or implementing policies to combat the pandemic can hope to capitalize most politically. In this paper, we attempt to document which state leaders are forerunners or latecomers in this political competition, when going more into depth of a region's contextual factors. Based on several databases, we perform a survival analysis to compare state leaders' relative determination to implement COVID policies. As our results show, the forerunners in the political discourse are not necessarily forerunners in the implementation, nor in the enforcement of COVID policies.
    Keywords: Corona, COVID, political competition, institutions, survival analysis
    JEL: D7 H7 H11 H12 R5
    Date: 2023
  5. By: Anna Laura Baraldi (Università della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli); Giovanni Immordino (Università di Napoli Federico II and CSEF); Erasmo Papagni (Università di Napoli Federico II); Marco Stimolo (Università della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli)
    Abstract: Several studies document that women are more honest than men, so an increase in women’s political representation can be expected to improve the integrity of political institutions. However, greater honesty among politicians is an obstacle to the exercise of political influence by local criminal clans, who may respond by escalating violence. We test for this unintended consequence in Italy, exploiting an election law (Law 215/2012) whereby voters can express two preferences only if they are of different genders. Through a Difference-in-Differences analysis, we show that the introduction of Law 215 induces an increase in the probability of attacks 0.6 times its actual mean (0.031). The implementation of an alternative design, difference-in-discontinuities, provides similar results. To delve into the mechanism driving these effects, instrumental variable estimates show that it is the increase in the share of female councilors due to Law 215/2012 that induces an increase in the probability of attacks against local politicians, independently of their gender. These results are not driven by the regions most severely plagued by mafias. Several robustness checks corroborate our findings.
    Keywords: Organized Crime, Violence, Gender balance laws.
    JEL: C25 D73 D78 I38 K42
    Date: 2023–11–10

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