nep-pol New Economics Papers
on Positive Political Economics
Issue of 2014‒10‒17
four papers chosen by
Eugene Beaulieu
University of Calgary

  1. Organized Crime and Electoral Outcomes in Sicily By P. Buonanno; G. Prarolo; P. Vanin
  2. Beliefs, media exposure and policy preferences on immigration: Evidence from Europe By Jérôme Héricourt; Gilles Spielvogel
  3. Conflict displacement and technology adoption: evidence on agricultural households in Bosnia and Herzegovina By Mathieu SANCH-MARITAN; LIONEL VEDRINE

  1. By: P. Buonanno; G. Prarolo; P. Vanin
    Abstract: This paper investigates the relationship between mafia and politics by focusing on the market for votes. It exploits the fact that in the early 1990s the Italian party system collapsed, new parties emerged and mafia families had to look for new political allies. It presents evidence, based on disaggregated data from the Italian region of Sicily, that between 1994 and 2008 Silvio Berlusconi’s party, Forza Italia, obtained higher vote shares in municipalities plagued by mafia. The result is robust to the use of different measures of mafia presence, both contemporary and historical, to the inclusion of different sets of controls and to spatial analysis. Instrumenting mafia’s presence by determinants of its early diffusion in the late XIX century suggests that the correlation reflects a causal link, which would be coherent with mafia’s choice to back Forza Italia in exchange for favorable policies.
    JEL: D72 K42
    Date: 2014–09
  2. By: Jérôme Héricourt (CEPII - Centre d'Etudes Prospectives et d'Informations Internationales - Centre d'analyse stratégique, EQUIPPE - ECONOMIE QUANTITATIVE, INTEGRATION, POLITIQUES PUBLIQUES ET ECONOMETRIE - Université Lille I - Sciences et technologies - Université Lille II - Droit et santé - Université Lille III - Sciences humaines et sociales - PRES Université Lille Nord de France); Gilles Spielvogel (Développement et sociétés - Université Paris I - Panthéon-Sorbonne - Institut de recherche pour le développement [IRD] - IEDES, DIAL - Développement, institutions et analyses de long terme - Institut de recherche pour le développement [IRD])
    Abstract: This article studies the joint determination of beliefs about the economic impact of immigration and immigration policy preferences, using data from the five rounds of the European Social Survey (2002-2010). In addition to standard socio-economic characteristics, this analysis takes individual media consumption into account, as a determinant of opinion about immigration. Our results stress the important role of the endogenous determination of beliefs, which appears as a major determinant of policy preferences. Moreover, media exposure appears as a key determinant of beliefs: individuals who spend more time to get informed on social and political matters through newspapers and radio have a better opinion on the economic impact of immigration compared with individuals who devote time to other types of content.
    Keywords: international migration ; beliefs ; attitudes ; media
    Date: 2014
  3. By: Mathieu SANCH-MARITAN (Centre d'Economie et de Sociologie Rurales Appliquées à l'Agriculture et aux Espaces Ruraux, INRA); LIONEL VEDRINE (Centre d'Economie et de Sociologie Rurales Appliquées à l'Agriculture et aux Espaces Ruraux, INRA)
    Abstract: This study deals with the literature about the impact of conflict-induced displacement. The aim of this paper is to study the link between conflict-induced displacement and under adoption of agricultural technologies. We exploit data from Bosnian household survey for year 2001. To account for endogeneity in the displacement status, we exploit the heterogeneity of the level of violence in the pre-war location. This level likely affected the displacement decision is disconnected from economic performance. We find evidence that displaced household are less likely to adopt fertilizer relative to stayers. Land tenure issue for displaced people in Bosnia are the most plausible candidates to explain under adoption. Finally, we draw some implications to guide design of political economy.
    Keywords: forced displacement, technology adoption, bosnian civil war, LSMS survey
    Date: 2014
  4. By: Anca-Cristina GRECEA („Mihai Viteazul” National Intelligence Academy)
    Abstract: The evolution of democratic state in Romania, dynamics and multitude of risks and threats to the security climate generated analysis and public debate topics relevant for political class and civil society, which determines, concomitant with the efficiency of the institutions’ activity in the security field, also an improvement of mechanisms of parliamentary control over them.Parliamentary control over the security sector is performed more or less effectively depending on the power of Parliament in relation to Government and the institutions from national security field. This power derives not only from Constitution and the legal framework of the organization and functioning of institutions from the national security field, but also from the rules of parliamentary procedure and from the practices established and improved over time, depending on the social-cultural characteristics of a nation, but especially on the security climate which these institutions are obliged to ensure it at optimum parameters
    Keywords: national security, parliamentary control, civil society, mass-media
    Date: 2013–11

This nep-pol issue is ©2014 by Eugene Beaulieu. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.