nep-pke New Economics Papers
on Post Keynesian Economics
Issue of 2005‒11‒09
three papers chosen by
Karl Petrick
Leeds Metropolitan University

  1. Why is Economic Geography not an Evolutionary Science? By Ron Boschma; Koen Frenken
  2. Economic and Social Cohesion in the EU: a critical approach By Juan R. Cuadrado-Roura; Rubén Garrido-Yserte; Miguel Ángel Marcos-Calvo
  3. Recent evolution of poverty in the European countries By Juana Domínguez-Domínguez; José Javier Núñez-Velázques; Luis Felipe Rivera-Galicia

  1. By: Ron Boschma; Koen Frenken
    Abstract: This paper explains the main commonalities and differences between neoclassical, institutional and evolutionary approaches that have been influential in economic geography during the last couple of decades. For all three approaches, we argue that they are in agreement in some respects and in conflict in other respects. While explaining to what extent and in what ways the Evolutionary Economic Geography approach differs from the Neoclassical (or ‘new’) Economic Geography and the Institutional Economic Geography, we can specify the value-added of economic geography as an evolutionary science. Finally, we briefly outline a research agenda of the Evolutionary Economic Geography we like to explore.
    Date: 2004–08
  2. By: Juan R. Cuadrado-Roura; Rubén Garrido-Yserte; Miguel Ángel Marcos-Calvo
    Abstract: Economic and Social Cohesion is one of the principal aims of European Union according to the Treaty. Although it has a clear and rather well defined political dimension, there is not a unique definition that permits a technical definition. ¿Has an increase of Economic and Social Cohesion been observed in recent decades? ¿How could this be measured? To answer these two questions it is necessary to define, first, what is the acceptable degree of regional inequalities and, second, which could be the variables or indexes to measure it properly (not only GDP per capita). The aim of this paper is to propose new answers to the problem, using REGIO database and applying multicriteria methods. We have researched a new empirical approach to the European Cohesion and we have calculated the accomplishment of a higher Economic and Social Cohesion between the European regions. The period analysed is 1987-1999 and the results are rather shocking and suggestive, particularly compared to the ones arising from the most conventional analysis on the evolution of GDP per capita. Key words: Social and Economic Cohesion; Regional Convergence; EU Regional Policy, multicriteria methods.
    Date: 2004–08
  3. By: Juana Domínguez-Domínguez; José Javier Núñez-Velázques; Luis Felipe Rivera-Galicia
    Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the evolution of poverty in the 15 countries of E.U., whose household income data is available through the information contained in the European Community Household Panel (ECHP). Several indicators have been proposed in economic literature for measuring poverty, but they may produce different orderings when cases are compared. In this work, a set of poverty one-dimensional indicators are chosen, which best verify some desirable properties. A modification of the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) is proposed to calculate synthetic cross-sectional measures of poverty using this set of indicators. In order to obtain comparable values throughout time, in addition to cross-sectional sense, joint consideration of single poverty indicators is proposed, independently of their temporary period of reference. Therefore, applying common space analysis to these cross-sectional synthetic measures, a common frame of comparison and a homogeneous weighting structure are obtained, which are stable throughout time. This powerful tool allows static as well as dynamic comparisons, among the EU countries. Furthermore, the determination of groups of countries according to their characteristics in poverty will be accomplished.
    Date: 2004–08

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