nep-nud New Economics Papers
on Nudge and Boosting
Issue of 2023‒09‒04
one paper chosen by
Marco Novarese, Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. Nudging: An Experiment on Transparency, Controlling for Reactance and Decision Time By Tobias Schütze; Carsten Spitzer; Philipp C. Wichardt; Philipp Christoph Wichardt

  1. By: Tobias Schütze; Carsten Spitzer; Philipp C. Wichardt; Philipp Christoph Wichardt
    Abstract: Is being informed about nudging detrimental to the effect of the nudge? This paper reports results from an experimental study (n = 623) testing the effects of transparency on the effectiveness of a default nudge while controlling for reactance and decision time. Overall, the data show that more people follow the default if the nudge is made transparent. More importantly, though, effects of transparency differ depending on whether people are fast or slow in their decision making. In particular, (only) slow decision makers react more positively (keeping the default) if nudging is made transparent. Moreover, the data also show an interaction of reactance and decision time in that more reactant subjects making slower decisions respond more negatively (i.e. leave the default more often). Thus, a positive effect of transparency as well as a negative impact of reactance can be established in the data if decision time is accounted for.
    Keywords: nudging, transparency, reactance, decision time
    JEL: C90 D90 D91
    Date: 2023

This nep-nud issue is ©2023 by Marco Novarese. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.