nep-neu New Economics Papers
on Neuroeconomics
Issue of 2024‒01‒29
two papers chosen by

  1. Perturbation of Right Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex Makes Power Holders Less Resistant to Tempting Bribes By Yang Hu; Rémi Philippe; Valentin Guigon; Sasa Zhao; Edmund Derrington; Brice Corgnet; James J. Bonaiuto; Jean-Claude Dreher
  2. Demand for Personality Traits, Tasks, and Sorting By Brencic, Vera; McGee, Andrew

  1. By: Yang Hu; Rémi Philippe; Valentin Guigon; Sasa Zhao; Edmund Derrington; Brice Corgnet (EM - emlyon business school); James J. Bonaiuto; Jean-Claude Dreher
    Abstract: Bribery is a common form of corruption that takes place when a briber suborns a power holder to achieve an advantageous outcome at the cost of moral transgression. Although bribery has been extensively investigated in the behavioral sciences, its underlying neurobiological basis remains poorly understood. Here, we employed transcranial direct-current stimulation (tDCS) in combination with a novel paradigm (N = 119 adults) to investigate whether disruption of right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (rDLPFC) causally changed bribe-taking decisions of power holders. Perturbing rDLPFC via tDCS specifically made participants more willing to take bribes as the relative value of the offer increased. This tDCS-induced effect could not be explained by changes in other measures. Model-based analyses further revealed that such neural modulation alters the concern for generating profits for oneself via taking bribes and reshapes the concern for the distribution inequity between oneself and the briber, thereby influencing the subsequent decisions. These findings reveal a causal role of rDLPFC in modulating corrupt behavior.
    Keywords: corrupt behaviors, bribe taking, transcranial direct-current stimulation, dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, open data, open materials
    Date: 2022–03–01
  2. By: Brencic, Vera (University of Alberta, Department of Economics); McGee, Andrew (University of Alberta, Department of Economics)
    Abstract: In job ads, employers express demand for personality traits when seeking workers to perform tasks that can be completed with different behaviors (e.g., communication, problem-solving) but not when seeking workers to perform tasks involving narrowly prescribed sets of behaviors such as routine and mathematics tasks. For many tasks, employers appear to demand narrower personality traits than those measured at the Big Five factor level. The job ads also exhibit substantial heterogeneity within occupations in the tasks mentioned. Workers may thus sort based on personality-derived comparative advantages in tasks into jobs rather than occupations. In the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997, we confirm that personality sorting based on tasks occurs at both the occupation and job levels. In this sample, however, there is little evidence of task-specific wage returns to personality traits, which would influence the supply of traits to jobs with particular tasks. This may explain why personality sorting based on tasks in the sample is very limited in spite of the correlations between tasks and employers’ demands for traits.
    Keywords: personality; tasks; sorting; job ads; employer demand
    JEL: D22 J23 J24 J33 M51
    Date: 2023–12–29

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