nep-neu New Economics Papers
on Neuroeconomics
Issue of 2022‒11‒28
three papers chosen by

  1. Aspirations, personal traits and neighborhood environment By Isidro Soloaga; Alejandra Villegas; Raymundo Campos
  2. Motivated Skepticism By Jeanne Hagenbach; Charlotte Saucet
  3. Eye-Tracking as a Method for Legal Research By Christoph Engel; Rima-Maria Rahal

  1. By: Isidro Soloaga (Department of Economics - Universidad Iberoamericana Mexico City); Alejandra Villegas (Department of Economics - Universidad Iberoamericana Mexico City); Raymundo Campos (El Colegio de Mexico)
    Abstract: This study analyzes the factors that determine aspirations’ formation in young people. Using the Mexican Social Mobility Survey database, enriched with geographical and geostatistical information regarding neighborhood’s accessibility and aesthetic, we estimated generalized ordered probit models to assess the effects on income and educational aspirations of young people of sociodemographic variables, cognitive and non-cognitive skills, urban environment characteristics and accessibility to relevant opportunities. Our results point out that gender, skin color, cognitive and non-cognitive intelligence, household´s wealth, and parents’ expectations for their children are related with the children’s own income and schooling expectations. Also, having a better urban environment and better access to employment opportunities are related with higher income aspirations.
    JEL: D84 R00
    Date: 2022–10–30
  2. By: Jeanne Hagenbach (ECON - Département d'économie (Sciences Po) - Sciences Po - Sciences Po - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Charlotte Saucet (UP1 UFR02 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - École d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne)
    Abstract: We experimentally study how individuals read strategically-transmitted information when they have preferences over what they will learn. Subjects play disclosure games in which Receivers should interpret messages skeptically. We vary whether the state that Senders communicate about is ego-relevant or neutral for Receivers, and whether skeptical beliefs are aligned or not with what Receivers prefer believing. Skepticism is lower when skeptical beliefs are self-threatening than in neutral settings. When skeptical beliefs are self-serving, skepticism is not enhanced compared to neutral settings. These results demonstrate that individuals' exercise of skepticism depends on the conclusions of skeptical inferences.
    Keywords: Disclosure games,Hard information,Unraveling result,Skepticism,Motivated beliefs
    Date: 2022–07–15
  3. By: Christoph Engel (Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods, Bonn); Rima-Maria Rahal (Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods, Bonn)
    Abstract: Legal research is a repeat offender – in the best sense of the term – when it comes to making use of empirical and experimental methods borrowed from other disciplines. We anticipate that the field’s response to developments in eye-tracking research will be no different. Our aim is to aid legal researchers in the uptake of eye-tracking as a method to address questions related to cognitive processes involved in matters of law abidance, legal intervention, and the generation of new legal rules. We discuss methodological challenges of empiri-cally studying thinking and reasoning as the mechanisms underlying behavior, and introduce eye-tracking as our method of choice for obtaining high-resolution traces of visual attention. We delineate advantages and challenges of this methodological approach, and outline which concepts legal researchers can hope to measure with a toy example. We conclude by outlining some of the various research avenues in legal research for which we predict a benefit from adopting eye-tracking to their methodological toolbox.
    Keywords: methods, eye-tracking, cognition, process tracing
    Date: 2022–11–02

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