nep-neu New Economics Papers
on Neuroeconomics
Issue of 2021‒12‒06
five papers chosen by
Daniel Houser
George Mason University

  1. COGNITIVE FUNCTIONS IN THE DIGITAL ENVIRONMENT: WORKING MEMORY AND ATTENTION UNDER REAL AND DIGITAL CONDITIONS By Anastasia A. Anufrieva; Elena S. Gorbunova
  2. Parental Investment, School Choice, and the Persistent Benefits of Intervention in Early Childhood By Lei Wang; Yiwei Qian; Nele Warrinnier; Orazio Attanasio; Scott Rozelle; Sean Sylvia
  3. Smallholder Farmers’ Choice of Climate Change Adaptation Strategies in Nigeria: A Psycho-Cognitive Approach By Kolapo, Adetomiwa; Tijani, Abiade Akeem
  4. The Politics of Human-induced Climate Change Denial and Cognitive Bias in Risk Assessment By Hiroyuki TOSA
  5. Cognition and Routine Dynamics By Nathalie Lazaric

  1. By: Anastasia A. Anufrieva (National Research University Higher School of Economics); Elena S. Gorbunova (National Research University Higher School of Economics)
    Abstract: The digital environment surrounds us everywhere and influences our cognitive system. However, there is a lack of theoretical models in the human-digital domain, and there are few studies aimed at finding the precise mechanisms of how the digital environment influences cognitive functions, namely attention and working memory. The present work is aimed at a consideration of the theoretical approaches and empirical studies related to the marked domain. Two experiments on working memory and attention were carried out. In the present paper, we have compared the attention and working memory processes under real and digital conditions within the comprehensible task like usage of the organizer (Experiment 1). As a result, we clarified the presence of differences in attention and WM within these two environments of performance. After that, the focus was shifted on digital properties: Experiment 2 focuses on such digital properties as saturation and were aimed at clarifying the attention process (shifting and sustainability of attention) under digital conditions. So if the digital system has feedback, the rates of attention sustainability will be higher than in the absence of feedback. Thus, within the result of the second experiment, it can be supposed that the digital environment might be considered as a system of cues improving the performance of complex tasks
    Keywords: a digital system, a cognitive system, attention sustainability, attention shifting, working memory, the complexity of the digital system
    JEL: Z
    Date: 2021
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hig:wpaper:129psy2021&r=
  2. By: Lei Wang; Yiwei Qian; Nele Warrinnier; Orazio Attanasio; Scott Rozelle; Sean Sylvia
    Abstract: We present evidence from a randomized experiment testing the impacts of a six-month early childhood home-visiting program on child outcomes at school entry. Two and a half years after completion of the program, we find persistent effects on child working memory - a key skill of executive functioning that plays a central role in children’s development of cognitive and socio-emotional skills. We also find that the program had persistent effects on parental time investments and preschool enrolment decisions. Children were enrolled earlier and in higher quality preschools, the latter reflecting a shift in preferences over preschool attributes toward quality. Our findings imply an important role for the availability of high-quality subsequent schooling in sustaining the impacts of early intervention programs.
    Keywords: Early Childhood Development, Parenting, China, Poverty
    JEL: J13 I21 I28 H11
    Date: 2021
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:lic:licosd:42721&r=
  3. By: Kolapo, Adetomiwa; Tijani, Abiade Akeem
    Keywords: Environmental Economics and Policy, Consumer/Household Economics
    Date: 2021–08
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ags:iaae21:314987&r=
  4. By: Hiroyuki TOSA (Graduate School of International Cooperation Studies, Kobe University)
    Abstract: This short essay aims to summarize issues related to the politics of human-induces climate change denial under the condition of high degree of uncertainty, which we notice in the United States, some European countries and even in Japan, from the viewpoint of cognitive psychology addressing cognitive bias problems. In addition, we scrutinize how the politics of climate change denial relates to the rightwing populism by focusing on the relation between cognitive bias and identity politics including belief-systems as well as campaigns operated by vested interest groups such as petroleum industry. In other words, the explanation that ideological aspects of right-wing populism are connected to climate change denial has significant overlap with the idea of cognitive bias, whereby inconvenient truths or facts that do not align with individual belief systems are rejected. This extreme form of cognitive bias also plays a role in the formation of conspiracy theories, which right-wing populism is often keen to embrace. Conspiracy theories cast environmentalists who advocate action on climate change as closet socialists plotting to turn the country Communist under the pretense of environmental protection. The natural environment of the homeland is of aesthetic, symbolic, and material value and thus worthy of being protected to the chauvinists, whereas the climate problem is a transnational phenomenon different in kind from the national landscape, and actors who attempt to solve the problem of climate change are, based on their cosmopolitan orientation, adversaries seeking to undermine their foundation of national sovereignty.
    Keywords: climate change denial, right-wing populism, cognitive bias, vested interests, belief systems, uncertainty
    Date: 2021–11
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:kcs:wpaper:39&r=
  5. By: Nathalie Lazaric (GREDEG - Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion - UNS - Université Nice Sophia Antipolis (... - 2019) - COMUE UCA - COMUE Université Côte d'Azur (2015 - 2019) - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UCA - Université Côte d'Azur)
    Abstract: Cognition is critical for finding different solutions to problems and providing new, robust patterns of action for the performance of routines. Routine Dynamics research provides significant empirical evidence about patterns and performance, and reveals how practices are permanently co-shaped using the notions of artefacts, reflection, replication of knowledge and intentionality. The notions of reflective action and reflective thinking have been identified as critical for current patterns of interdependent actions, thus offering an opportunity to reshape both cognition and the representation of routines that is far from the original conception of the Carnegie School.
    Keywords: Routines,Cognition,organizational dynamics
    Date: 2021–10–18
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-03402421&r=

This nep-neu issue is ©2021 by Daniel Houser. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at http://nep.repec.org. For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <director@nep.repec.org>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.