nep-neu New Economics Papers
on Neuroeconomics
Issue of 2020‒10‒19
three papers chosen by

  1. Skill Formation and the Trouble with Child Non-Cognitive Skill Measures By Del Bono, Emilia; Kinsler, Josh; Pavan, Ronni
  2. Predictors of Sleep Recall Bias in College Students By Srivastava, Pranjal; Takegami, Mina; Chen, Ching-Hua
  3. Quantifying the macroeconomic cost of night-time bathroom visits: an application to the UK By Hafner, Marco; Yerushalmi, Erez; Andersson, Fredrik L.; Burtea, Teodor

  1. By: Del Bono, Emilia (ISER, University of Essex); Kinsler, Josh (University of Georgia); Pavan, Ronni (University of Rochester)
    Abstract: Research on child skill formation and related policies typically rely on parent- reported measures of child non-cognitive skills. In this paper, we show that parental assessments of child non-cognitive skills are directly affected by the skills of the parents. We develop a dynamic model of child and parental skill formation that accounts for this contamination and show how standard estimates of the production of skills are affected. We then use our model to illustrate how contamination in parental measures of child non-cognitive skills affects estimates of child development policies that also directly affect parental skills.
    Keywords: children, human capital, dynamic factor analysis, measurement, policy
    JEL: C13 C18 I38 J13 J24
    Date: 2020–09
  2. By: Srivastava, Pranjal; Takegami, Mina; Chen, Ching-Hua
    Abstract: College students are known to have unhealthy levels of sleep. Using data from the StudentLife Dataset, we analyzed the predictors of “recall bias” regarding sleep. We compared the average of a running, daily, self-reported sleep value over a period of time to the average sleep amount perceived by the students in their PSQI (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index) tests. We found that the variability in the measure of self-assessment of health was related to errors in sleep recall, as were some individual parameters.
    Date: 2020–09–21
  3. By: Hafner, Marco; Yerushalmi, Erez; Andersson, Fredrik L.; Burtea, Teodor
    Abstract: Little is known on the impact that nocturia (the need to wake up at night to urinate) has on a nation’s economy. While there are many individual factors associated with inadequate sleep (e.g. bad sleep hygiene, chronic sleep disorders such as insomnia or sleep apnea), frequently having to wake up at night to urinate fragments sleep, with negative consequences on an individual’s health and well-being as well as daytime functioning. Using a large-scale UK workforce data, we estimate the prevalence of nocturia in the working population and quantify the lost worker productivity caused by nocturia, measured by absenteeism and presenteeism. This enters our multi-country general equilibrium model, which we calibrate to the UK economy, to estimate the annual macroeconomic cost of nocturia. We find the annual cost of clinically significant nocturia (waking up at least twice to urinate) is around £5.4 billion, or equivalently £1996 per worker with nocturia. This cost estimate is larger than previous estimates on the productivity effects of nocturia using cost-of-illness (COI) methods, suggesting the importance of taking into account general equilibrium effects when assessing the economic burden of health conditions.
    Keywords: nocturia; sleep; general equilibrium model; economic cost; urology
    Date: 2020–10–06

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