nep-neu New Economics Papers
on Neuroeconomics
Issue of 2020‒02‒10
four papers chosen by

  1. Locus of Control and Female Labor Force Participation By Juliane Hennecke
  3. The effect of Emotional intelligence on Turnover intention through the mediation of work-life conflict: The case of commercial bankers in Vietnam By Vuong, Bui Nhat; Hasanuzzaman, Tushar; Quan, Tran Nhu
  4. Associative Memory and Belief Formation By Benjamin Enke; Frederik Schwerter; Florian Zimmermann

  1. By: Juliane Hennecke (NZ Work Research Institute, Auckland University of Technology)
    Abstract: Research on female labor force participation has a long tradition in economic research. While many open questions have been answered on the gender gap in labor participation, the prevalent heterogeneity between women still keeps economists busy. While traditional economic theory attributed unexplained differences in decison-making to idiosyncratic shocks, modern empirical approaches are more and more intersted in investigating this psychological black box behind participation decisions. This paper contributes to the research by discussing the role of the presonality trait locus of control (LOC), a measure of an individual's belief about the causal relationship between behavior and live outcomes, for for differences in participation probabilities between women. In line with the existing literature, an important role of LOC for independence preferences as well as subjective beliefs about returns to investments are proposed. The connection between LOC and participation decisions is tested using German survey data, finding that internal women are on average more likely to be available for market production and this higher availability aso translates into higher employment probabilities. Addisitonal analyses identify a strong heterogeneity of the relationship with respect to underlying monetary constraints and social working norms.
    Keywords: locus of control, labor supply, female labor force participation, social norms, personality, preferences
    JEL: D91 D13 J21 J22 J16
    Date: 2019–12
  2. By: Ravneet Kaur
    Abstract: Emotional intelligence as the ability to manage emotions and feelings has as important role in the life and success of an individual. Emotional and affective disturbance are an important factors in developing psychological problems related to mental health. The present study examined the association between the emotional intelligence and mental health of school teachers. The sample comprised 100 employees (M=50, F=50). Emotional intelligence was evaluated with Emotional Intelligence Scale by Hyde, Pathe& Dhar (2001) and mental health was evaluated with Employee’s Mental Health Inventory by Dr. Jagdish (1985). Results showed that high emotional intelligence was positively and significantly related to mental health of employees. Further, no significant differences for gender in this regard were shown. Implications have been discussed. Key Words: Emotional Intelligence, Mental Health and Employees. Policy
    Date: 2019–12
  3. By: Vuong, Bui Nhat; Hasanuzzaman, Tushar; Quan, Tran Nhu
    Abstract: The aim of this research is to examine the effect of emotional intelligence on turnover intention, noting the mediating roles of work-family conflict and job burnout. Survey data collected from 198 employees at commercial banks in Vietnam was analyzed to provide evidence. Results from the partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) using SmartPLS 3.0 program indicated that there was a negative impact of emotional intelligence on employees’ turnover intention; this was mediated partially through work-family conflict and job burnout. The main findings of this research provided some empirical implications for commercial banks. It implied that organizations in the service industry should give a try to improve their people’s work-family balance, reduce job burnout and take advantages of these emotional balance to create beneficial outcomes.
    Date: 2019–06–26
  4. By: Benjamin Enke; Frederik Schwerter; Florian Zimmermann
    Abstract: Information is often embedded in memorable contexts, which may cue the asymmetric recall of similar past news through associative memory. We design a theory-driven experiment, in which participants observe signals about hypothetical companies. Here, identical signal realizations are communicated with identical contexts: stories and images. Because participants asymmetrically remember those past signals that get cued by the current context, beliefs systematically overreact. This overreaction depends in predictable ways on the signal history; the correlation between signals and contexts; and the scope for forgetting and associative memory. We quantify these results by structurally estimating a model of associative recall.
    JEL: D03
    Date: 2020–01

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