nep-neu New Economics Papers
on Neuroeconomics
Issue of 2019‒09‒16
three papers chosen by
Daniel Houser
George Mason University

  1. Parental Migration, Investment in Children, and Children's Non-cognitive Development: Evidence from Rural China By Jiang, Hanchen; Yang, Xi
  2. Lying under self-control depletion and time pressure By Serhiy Kandul; Apshara Naguleswaran
  3. Pranayama Yoga: Measuring Brainwaves via EEG By Rebecca Bhik-Ghanie

  1. By: Jiang, Hanchen; Yang, Xi
    Abstract: Many children worldwide are left behind by parents who are migrating for work. While previous literature has studied the effect of parental migration on children's educational outcomes and cognitive achievements, this study focuses on how parental migration affects children's non-cognitive development. We use longitudinal data of children in rural China and adopt labor market conditions in destination provinces as instrumental variables for parental endogenous migration choice. We find that parental migration has a significant negative effect on children's non-cognitive development. Differentiating inter- and intra-provincial migrations suggests that the negative effect of parental migration is mainly driven by inter-provincial migrations. We test four different mechanisms of how parental migration affects child development including parental financial inputs, parental time inputs, household bargaining, and children's own time input. Our results provide insights into the relative importance of different mechanisms in determining the effect of parental migration on children's non-cognitive skill formation.
    Keywords: Left-behind Children,Parental Migration,Parental Input,Non-cognitive Development,China
    JEL: J12 J13 J24 J61 R23
    Date: 2019
  2. By: Serhiy Kandul; Apshara Naguleswaran
    Abstract: Dealing with temptations requires self-control. If lying for money constitutes a temptation, restricting people's self-control resources would enhance unethical behavior. We argue that the effect of the self-control on lying depends on two things: 1) easiness to grasp the opportunity to lie, and 2) the amount of time available to decide. In an incentivized online experiment, we manipulate participants' self-control resources through an ego depletion task and allow participants to misreport the outcome of a dice-roll with and without time pressure. We find evidence that ego depletion increases the fraction of truth-tellers under time pressure. Our findings suggest that when discovering the opportunities to lie is not trivial and people are constrained with the time, self-control depletion enhances people's ethical behavior.
    Keywords: Lying, Ego depletion, Self-control, Ethical behavior,Time pressure.
    JEL: C91 D91
    Date: 2019–09
  3. By: Rebecca Bhik-Ghanie (Bard College at Simon’s Rock, Great Barrington, Massachusetts)
    Abstract: Differences in baseline electroencephalogram activity have been found among long-time practitioners of meditation, 3+ years, in comparison to novice meditators, 1- year. In the current study, 10 participants-5 experienced meditators; 5 novices-engaged in a series of weekly, 20-minute Open Heart Meditation practices; 5 control participants engaged in a 20-minute reading/study session. EEG activity was measured in all participants during the first and final sessions. While the differences did not reach statistical significance, there were differences in the expected direction, suggesting an increase in baseline mean frequency of EEG measurements within the beta range for experienced meditators in comparison to novices and controls, suggesting an increase in neurological engagement during meditation. These findings suggest that there are potential neurological gains of certain meditative practices, which should lead to further investigation into the merits of meditative practice as a form of therapy.
    Keywords: EEG, electroencephalogram, brain, yoga, mindfulness, alpha, beta, meditation, OHM
    Date: 2019–07

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