nep-neu New Economics Papers
on Neuroeconomics
Issue of 2017‒03‒05
two papers chosen by

  1. Mother’s Time Allocation, Child Care and Child Cognitive Development By Brilli, Ylenia
  2. Cognitive abilities and sustainable development: a global analysis By Solieva, Mastura

  1. By: Brilli, Ylenia (Department of Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, Göteborg University)
    Abstract: This paper analyzes the effects of maternal employment and non-parental child care on child cognitive development, taking into account the mother's time allocation between leisure and child-care time. I estimate a behavioral model, in which maternal labor supply, non-parental child care and time allocation decisions are considered to be endogenous choices of the mother, and the child cognitive development depends on maternal and non-parental child care. The results show that the mother's child-care time is more productive than non-parental child care, at any age of the child. This implies that a reduction in a mother's child-care time, induced by a higher labor supply, may not be compensated for by the increase in non-parental child care use, and, hence, may lead to a negative effect on the child's cognitive ability. The estimation of a counterfactual model where a mother can only allocate her time between child care and work shows that neglecting the mother's time allocation choice between child care and leisure overestimates the productivity of a mother's time with the child.
    Keywords: mother employment; mother time allocation; non-parental child care; child development; structural estimation
    JEL: C15 D13 J13 J22
    Date: 2017–02–28
  2. By: Solieva, Mastura
    Abstract: Existing studies explore the hypothesis that nations IQs explain cross-national differences in economic development. However, the conclusions of these findings are also rather limited as GDP per capita, a proxy for economic development, does not account social and external costs associated with economic activities and fails to capture the environmental degradation or resource depletion. In this study, we offer novel evidence on the effect of intelligence on genuine income that addresses the shortcomings of GDP per capita as a better proxy for inclusive development. Moreover, we also provide compelling evidence that intelligence is causal to genuine development processes.
    Keywords: IQ; intelligence; genuine income; Cold winters; Savanna IQ hypothesis.
    JEL: F0 F00
    Date: 2017

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