nep-neu New Economics Papers
on Neuroeconomics
Issue of 2017‒02‒05
two papers chosen by

  1. Cognitive empathy in conflict situations By Gauer, Florian; Kuzmics, Christoph
  2. The Effect of Early Education on Social Preferences By Alexander Cappelen; John List; Anya Samek; Bertil Tungodden

  1. By: Gauer, Florian (Center for Mathematical Economics, Bielefeld University); Kuzmics, Christoph (Center for Mathematical Economics, Bielefeld University)
    Abstract: Two individuals are involved in a conflict situation in which preferences are ex ante uncertain. While they eventually learn their own preferences, they have to pay a small cost if they want to learn their opponent’s preferences. We show that, for sufficiently small positive costs of information acquisition, in any Bayesian Nash equilibrium of the resulting game of incomplete information the probability of getting informed about the opponent’s preferences is bounded away from zero and one.
    Keywords: Incomplete Information, Information Acquisition, Theory of Mind, Conflict, Imperfect Empathy
    Date: 2016–01–15
  2. By: Alexander Cappelen (Norwegian School of Economics); John List (University of Chicago); Anya Samek (University of Wisconsin-Madison); Bertil Tungodden (Norwegian School of Economics)
    Abstract: We present results from the first study to examine the causal impact of early childhood education on social preferences of children. We compare children who, at 3-4 years old, were randomized into either a full-time preschool, a parenting program with incentives, or to a control group. We returned to the same children when they reached 7-8 years old and conducted a series of incentivized experiments to elicit their social preferences. We find that early childhood education has a strong causal impact on social preferences several years after the intervention: attending preschool makes children more egalitarian in their fairness view and the parenting program enhances the importance children place on efficiency relative to fairness. Our findings highlight the importance of taking a broad perspective when designing and evaluating early childhood educational programs, and provide evidence of how differences in institutional exposure may contribute to explaining heterogeneity in social preferences in society.
    Keywords: field experiment, social preferences, child experiment
    JEL: C93 J23 J33
    Date: 2017–01

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