nep-neu New Economics Papers
on Neuroeconomics
Issue of 2017‒01‒01
two papers chosen by

  1. What is the Relationship between Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Skills and the Adoption of Risk Behavior in Peru? By Pablo Lavado; Magally Gonzales
  2. Do you see me the way I see myself? Narcissists are less prone to illusion of transparency than other people By Laetitia Renier; Claudia Toma; Olivier Corneille

  1. By: Pablo Lavado (Universidad del Pacífico); Magally Gonzales (Universidad del Pacífico)
    Abstract: For many years, research has dealt with the relationship between the adoption of risk behaviors by teenagers and factors related to the family or the environment, ignoring other factors such as teenagers’ own cognitive or non-cognitive skills. This study seeks to demonstrate the relationship between these two variables and ascertain whether adolescents’ cognitive and non-cognitive skills are negatively associated with the consumption of legal and illegal drugs, the early initiation of sexual activity, unprotected sex, criminal behaviors and the sedentary lifestyle. The investigation used Peru’s Young Lives database and employed a latent static factor model as a first step and two OLS models in the second stage. The results show that the relationship between risk behaviors, specifically use of legal and illegal drugs and criminal behavior, and cognitive and noncognitive skills is negative. That is, adolescents with higher levels of intelligence, self-steeem and self-efficacy are less likely to engage in risk behaviors.
    Keywords: Adolescents, skills, risk behavior, intelligence, self-esteem, self-efficacy, Peru
    Date: 2016–12
  2. By: Laetitia Renier; Claudia Toma; Olivier Corneille
    Abstract: People tend to believe that their internal states are transparent to others (e.g. illusion of transparency), and even more when they are self-centred. Would it be the case for narcissistic individuals who are highly self-centred? Three studies investigated whether narcissists feel more transparent because they are egocentric, or whether they feel less transparent because they are socially skilled. Using a vignette method, Study 1 showed that the more participants were narcissists, the less they felt transparent with regard to their emotions, values and behaviour. Study 2 further showed that this association was stronger when narcissistic characteristics were valorised. In addition, the negative link between narcissism and felt transparency was mediated by self-monitoring. Using a face-to-face interaction, Study 3 provided evidence that participants high on narcissism were less prone to illusion of transparency. Overall our studies suggest that narcissists’ meta-perception is more accurate, less egocentric because they are socially skilled.
    Keywords: felt transparency; illusion of transparency; narcissism; metaperception; egocentrism
    Date: 2016–12–23

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