nep-neu New Economics Papers
on Neuroeconomics
Issue of 2016‒12‒18
four papers chosen by

  1. Cognitive Skills, Noncognitive Skills, and School-to-Work Transitions in Rural China By Glewwe, Paul; Huang, Qiuqiong; Park, Albert
  2. Children with Behavioral Problems in the First Grade of Russian School: Similarities and Differences By Ekaterina A. Orel; Alena A. Kulikova
  3. Locus of Control and Mothers’ Return to Employment By Eva M. Berger; Luke Haywood
  4. Macroeconomic Conditions and Well-being: Do Social Interactions Matter? By Emilio, Colombo; Valentina, Rotondi; Luca, Stanca;

  1. By: Glewwe, Paul; Huang, Qiuqiong; Park, Albert
    Abstract: Economists have long recognized the important role of formal schooling and cognitive skills on labor market participation and wages. More recently, increasing attention has turned to the role of personality traits, or noncognitive skills. This study is among the first to examine how both cognitive and noncognitive skills measured in childhood predict educational attainment and early labor market outcomes in a developing country setting. Analyzing longitudinal data on rural children from one of China's poorest provinces, we find that both cognitive and noncognitive skills, measured when children are 9-12, 13-16, and 17-21 years old, are important predictors of whether they remain in school or enter the work force at age 17-21. The predictive power of specific skill variables differ between boys and girls. Conditioning on years of schooling, there is no strong evidence that skills measured in childhood predict wages in the early years of labor market participation.
    Keywords: China; cognitive; noncognitive; schooling; skills
    Date: 2016–12
  2. By: Ekaterina A. Orel (National Research University Higher School of Economics); Alena A. Kulikova (National Research University Higher School of Economics)
    Abstract: Recent research indicates that behavioral problems may lead to low academic performance. The present study is aimed to discover, what differences exist between primary school students who meet a sufficient number of ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) criteria and those who do not experience any behavioral problems, in terms of academic achievements in reading and mathematics, annual progress in these subjects and personal, social and emotional development, based on the Russian sample of first-graders. This paper is a part of Russian iPIPS project and the instruments developed as part of this study were used. The sample consists of 3021 first-graders from two big regions of the Russian Federation. The results showed significant differences in both cognitive and social-emotional development but no differences in annual progress. The absence of differences in progress means that the development of children with behavior problems within the school system goes with the same speed but from the lower start level compared to other children. The results of the study provide important knowledge for the teachers and open a large area of further investigations in the field of ADHD in Russian school settings
    Keywords: behavioral problems, ADHD, first-graders, primary school, iPIPS, cognitive development, social and emotional development
    JEL: I21
    Date: 2016
  3. By: Eva M. Berger (Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz); Luke Haywood (DIW Berlin (Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung))
    Abstract: This paper investigates the effect of locus of control (LOC) on the length of mothers’ employment break after childbirth. Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP), duration data reveals that women with an internal LOC return to employment more quickly than women with an external LOC.We ?nd that this effect is particularly pronounced in jobs in which the penalties in terms of lower wage growth are highest. We thus argue that the effect of LOC on return is mainly related to differential appreciation of the career costs of longer maternity leave.
    Keywords: Locus of Control, Noncognitive Skills, Personality, Maternal Employment, Female Labor Supply, Survival Analysis
    JEL: J22 J24
    Date: 2016
  4. By: Emilio, Colombo; Valentina, Rotondi; Luca, Stanca;
    Abstract: This paper investigates the role played by social interactions in explaining the effects of macroeconomic conditions on well-being. Using survey data for a representative sample of Italian individuals, we find that social interactions play a dual role as both moderators and mediators of the effects of macroeconomic conditions. On the one hand, the well-being of people who spend more time with their friends or go out more often is less sensitive to the effects of macroeconomic fluctuations. On the other hand, social interactions are negatively affected by worsening macroeconomic conditions, thus playing a relevant role in the transmission of macroeconomic shocks to subjective well-being. More specifically, the negative impact of macroeconomic downturns on frequency of going out and active participation in associations contributes to explain the adverse effects of recessions on satisfaction with life and with individual life domains.
    Keywords: macroeconomic fluctuations, unemployment, subjective well-being
    JEL: E32 I31 I38
    Date: 2016–12–13

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