nep-neu New Economics Papers
on Neuroeconomics
Issue of 2016‒10‒23
two papers chosen by
Daniel Houser
George Mason University

  1. Expressive language and prosocial behaviour in early childhood: Longitudinal associations in the UK Millennium Cohort Study By Lisa-Christine ? Girard; Jean-Baptiste Pingault; Orla Doyle; Bruno Falissard; Richard Ernest Tremblay
  2. The Effect of Face-to-Face Interviewing on Personality Measurement By Luisa Hilgert; Martin Kroh; David Richter

  1. By: Lisa-Christine ? Girard; Jean-Baptiste Pingault; Orla Doyle; Bruno Falissard; Richard Ernest Tremblay
    Abstract: Background: Early childhood is a crucial period for language development and building social skills. While distinct, these two processes may impact upon each other. Aims: The current study aimed to identify the directional associations between expressive language ability and prosocial behaviour between three and five years of age. Methods: Participants included 14, 004 children and their families enrolled in the UK Millennium Cohort Study (MCS). Children’s expressive language and prosocial behaviour were assessed at three and five years of age utilizing standardized assessments and parent reports. Cross-lagged models were used for data analysis. Results: Better expressive language at three years was associated with increased prosocial behaviour by five years. No support for the inverse direction of association was found. Conclusions: Children’s early ability to effectively express themselves with others may help in building better social relationships by entry into formal schooling. Programming efforts that are tailored towards enhancing positive behavioural growth and social skills in the toddler years are likely to be effective when expressive language is also a targeted component of the toddler’s skill development.
    Keywords: Prosocial behaviour; Expressive language ability; Millennium Cohort Study; Early childhood
    Date: 2016
  2. By: Luisa Hilgert; Martin Kroh; David Richter
    Abstract: In recent years, an increasing number of nationally representative surveys in the social sciences and economics have implemented the Big Five model of personality. While many personality inventories were originally developed in the context of self-administered questionnaires, they are often used by large surveys in face-to-face interview settings instead. Drawing on an experimental research design, we studied the effect of this switch in the method of data collection on measurement invariance as well as measurement error and interviewer effects in the Innovation Sample of the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP-IS). Although in some cases we found slightly stronger associations between interviewer and respondent personality in face-to-face settings, the results generally suggested strict measurement invariance–and therefore full comparability–across methods of data collection.
    Keywords: Personality, Big Five, ESEM, Face-to-Face, Interviewer Bias
    Date: 2016

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