nep-neu New Economics Papers
on Neuroeconomics
Issue of 2016‒04‒30
three papers chosen by

  1. Mental Health and Productivity at Work: Does What You Do Matter? By Melisa Bubonya; Deborah Cobb-Clark; Mark Wooden
  2. Why (not) cooperate? Modelling cognitive determinants of farmers' motivation to join producer groups in Romania By Mollers, Judith; Traikova, Diana; Birhala, Brandusha; Wolz, Axel
  3. Happy People Have Children: Choice and Self-Selection into Parenthood By Cetre, Sophie; Clark, Andrew E.; Senik, Claudia

  1. By: Melisa Bubonya (Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne); Deborah Cobb-Clark (School of Economics, The University of Sydney; Institute for the Study of Labour (IZA); and ARC Centre of Excellence for Children and Families Over the Life Course); Mark Wooden (Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne; and Institute for the Study of Labour (IZA))
    Abstract: Much of the economic cost of mental illness stems from workers’ reduced productivity. We analyze the links between mental health and two alternative workplace productivity measures – absenteeism and presenteeism (i.e., lower productivity while attending work) – explicitly allowing these relationships to be moderated by the nature of the job itself. We find that absence rates are approximately five percent higher among workers who report being in poor mental health. Moreover, job conditions are related to both presenteeism and absenteeism even after accounting for workers’ self-reported mental health status. Job conditions are relatively more important in understanding diminished productivity at work if workers are in good rather than poor mental health. The effects of job complexity and stress on absenteeism do not depend on workers’ mental health, while job security and control moderate the effect of mental illness on absence days. Classification-I12, J22, J24
    Keywords: Mental health, presenteeism, absenteeism, work productivity
    Date: 2016–04
  2. By: Mollers, Judith; Traikova, Diana; Birhala, Brandusha; Wolz, Axel
    Abstract: In Romania, after the breakdown of the communist regime, collective farms were replaced by a large number of small-scale private farms. Although cooperation seems to be a favorable choice for these smallholders, it did not develop so far. This paper explores the factors that determine the intention formation of Romanian fruit and vegetable farmers to join marketing cooperatives in the form of so-called Producer Groups. Our theoretical framework refers to Ajzen’s Theory of Planned Behavior, modelled by a Structural Equation Model. Intention formation is mainly influenced by expectations for better prices and easier access to capital. Perceived family support is another significant factor while confidence in own capabilities and resource endowment do not seem to play an important role. The level of distrust is generally high, but not significant as a driver of the intention to cooperate in PGs.
    Keywords: Producer Group, smallholder, Romania, Theory of Planned Behavior, cooperation, Farm Management, Q12, Q13,
    Date: 2015
  3. By: Cetre, Sophie (Paris School of Economics); Clark, Andrew E. (Paris School of Economics); Senik, Claudia (Paris School of Economics)
    Abstract: There is mixed evidence in the existing literature on whether children are associated with greater subjective well-being, with the correlation depending on which countries and populations are considered. We here provide a systematic analysis of this question based on three different datasets: two cross-national and one national panel. We show that the association between children and subjective well-being is positive only in developed countries, and for those who become parents after the age of 30 and who have higher income. We also provide evidence of a positive selection into parenthood, whereby happier individuals are more likely to have children.
    Keywords: happiness, fertility, children, income, selection
    JEL: D1 J13
    Date: 2016–04

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