nep-neu New Economics Papers
on Neuroeconomics
Issue of 2015‒11‒07
three papers chosen by

  1. Early Maternal Employment and Non-cognitive Outcomes in Early Childhood and Adolescence: Evidence from British Birth Cohort Data By Andrew E. Clark; Warn N. Lekfuangfu; Nattavudh Powdthavee; George Ward
  2. Bullying among Adolescents: The Role of Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Skills By Miguel Sarzosa; Sergio Urzúa
  3. Parental health and children’s cognitive and non-cognitive development: New evidence from the Longitudinal Survey of Australian Children By Le, Huong; Nguyen, Ha

  1. By: Andrew E. Clark; Warn N. Lekfuangfu; Nattavudh Powdthavee; George Ward
    Abstract: We analyse the relationship between early maternal employment and child emotional and behavioural outcomes in early childhood and adolescence. Using rich data from a cohort of children born in the UK in the early 1990s, we find little evidence of a strong statistical relationship between early maternal employment and any of the emotional outcomes. However, there is some evidence that children whose mother is in full-time employment at the 18th month have worse behavioural outcomes at ages 4, 7, and 12. We suggest that these largely insignificant results may in part be explained by mothers who return to full-time work earlier being able to compensate their children: we highlight the role of fathers' time investment and alternative childcare arrangements in this respect.
    Keywords: Child outcomes, maternal employment, well-being, conduct, ALSPAC
    JEL: D1 I3 J6
    Date: 2015–10
  2. By: Miguel Sarzosa; Sergio Urzúa
    Abstract: Bullying is a behavioral phenomenon that has received increasing attention in recent times. This paper uses a structural model with latent skills and longitudinal information from Korean youths to identify the determinants and effects of bullying. We find that, unlike cognitive skills, non-cognitive skills significantly reduce the chances of being bullied during high school. We use the model to estimate average treatment effects of being bullied at age 15 on several outcomes measured at age 18. We show that bullying is very costly. It increases the probability of smoking as well as the likelihood of feeling sick, depressed, stressed and unsatisfied with life. It also reduces college enrollment and increases the dislike of school. We document that differences in non-cognitive and cognitive skill endowments palliate or exacerbate these consequences. Finally, we explore whether investing in non-cognitive skills could reduce the occurrence of bullying. Our findings indicate that the investment in skill development is key in any policy intended to fight the behavior.
    JEL: C34 C38 I21 J24
    Date: 2015–10
  3. By: Le, Huong; Nguyen, Ha
    Abstract: This paper examines the effects of maternal and paternal health on cognitive and non-cognitive development in Australian children. The underlying nationally representative panel data and a child fixed effects estimator are used to overcome most of the previous cross-sectional study limitation in dealing with unobserved heterogeneity. While previous literature has found evidence supporting the adverse impact of poor parental health on child development our results found little evidence to support this. We also found little differential effect based on the gender of the child, the parent, or household income levels. However, we found a small amount of evidence suggesting that poor parental health may worsen some cognitive and non-cognitive skills of young children only. Our results demonstrate that either failing to account for parent-child fixed effects or using child non-cognitive skills reported by parents could over-estimate the harmful impact of poor parental health on child development.
    Keywords: Intergenerational transmission, health, education, panel data, Australia
    JEL: I14 J24
    Date: 2015–10

General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.