New Economics Papers
on Neuroeconomics
Issue of 2014‒04‒29
four papers chosen by

  1. Digit Ratio Measurement Guide By Levent Neyse Homepage; Pablo Brañas-Garza
  2. Dominance of Affective over Cognitive Customer Satisfaction in Satisfaction-Loyalty Relationship in Service Encounters By Sinha, Piyush Kumar; Mishra, Hari Govind; Kaul, Surabhi
  3. Crime and Self-Control Revisited: Disentangling the Effect of Self-Control on Risk and Social Preferences By Friehe, Tim; Schildberg-Hörisch, Hannah
  4. A Social Cognitive Framework of Newcomersf Extra-Role Behaviors By Li Jie; Tomoki Sekiguchi

  1. By: Levent Neyse Homepage; Pablo Brañas-Garza
    Abstract: Literature on Digit Ratio is rapidly growing in Economics. Quite surprisingly we observe that there is no consensus about how to make an accurate measurement in such a delicate task. Along this brief document we offer some concise guidance of how to scan the hands using digital scanners and provide a comprehensive guideline to make a reliable measurement of the 2D:4D. Furthermore, we point out the most common imaging and measurement errors. We also provide a number of hints aimed to avoid these errors that in some cases may cause systematic inaccuracies
    Keywords: 2D:4D; Digit Ratio; Measurement; Guide
    JEL: C42 C8 C90
    Date: 2014–03
  2. By: Sinha, Piyush Kumar; Mishra, Hari Govind; Kaul, Surabhi
    Abstract: The paper reports on a study which aims to understand the role of cognitive and affective components of customer satisfaction in service encounters. The paper is structured to explore a brief synthesis of the extant literature on key conceptual issues concerning the role of emotion in service encounters. Subsequently, the paper explores the satisfaction–loyalty relationship when both cognitive and affective component are included. The focus of this study is to investigate the relationship between emotional satisfaction, service quality, customer loyalty, and relationship quality within a retail setting. A total of eight retail stores of Jalandhar city participated in the study. During a two-month data collection period, 200 customers were surveyed. Convenience sampling was employed and self-administered surveys were used to collect data. The Findings emphasize the dominant role of affective component in satisfaction loyalty relationship.
  3. By: Friehe, Tim (University of Bonn); Schildberg-Hörisch, Hannah (University of Bonn)
    Abstract: In economic models, risk and social preferences are major determinants of criminal behavior. In criminology, low self-control is considered a fundamental cause of crime. Relating the arguments from both disciplines, this paper studies the relationship between self-control and both risk and social preferences. To exogenously vary the level of self-control, we use a well-established experimental manipulation. We find that low self-control causes less risk-averse behavior. The effect of self-control on social preferences is not significant. In sum, our findings support the proposition that low self-control is a facilitator of crime. While our study is motivated by the literature on the determinants of criminal behavior, it has important implications for dual-system models and documents endogeneity of economic preferences.
    Keywords: criminal behavior, risk preferences, social preferences, ego-depletion, dual-system models, experiment, endogeneity of economic preferences
    JEL: K42 H23 C91
    Date: 2014–04
  4. By: Li Jie (Graduate School of Economics, Osaka University); Tomoki Sekiguchi (Graduate School of Economics, Osaka University)
    Abstract: Although much research has been conducted on employeesf extra-role behaviors (ERBs), the topic of how newcomers to an organization engage in ERBs remains relatively underexplored. Following social cognitive theory, we develop a dynamic model of newcomersf helping and voice as two types of ERBs. The core idea of our model is that although newcomers may eventually come to engage in both types of ERBs, there will be a time lag between the emergence and increase of helping and those of voice. Our model shows that a social cognitive mechanism, including cyclical positive feedback loops and transfer of domain-specific self-efficacy, mediates the behavioral-level spillover from helping to voice. Our model also identifies several moderating factors that influence the process in which newcomersf helping and voice behaviors develop over time.
    Keywords: newcomers, helping, voice, domain-specific self-efficacy, social cognitive theory
    JEL: M10 M12 M54
    Date: 2014–04

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