New Economics Papers
on Neuroeconomics
Issue of 2013‒09‒24
two papers chosen by

  1. Will Sooner Be Better? The Impact of Early Preschool Enrollment on Cognitive and Noncognitive Achievement of Children By Filatriau, Olivier; Fougère, Denis; Tô, Maxime
  2. Cognitive distance in research collaborations By Margherita Balconi; Valeria Lorenzi; Pier Paolo Saviotti; Antonella Zucchella

  1. By: Filatriau, Olivier; Fougère, Denis; Tô, Maxime
    Abstract: In this paper we measure the effect of entering preelementary school at age 2 rather than 3 in France. Our identification strategy relies on ratios between the number of young children and the capacity of preelementary schools observed at the very local level. This information allows us to solve the endogeneity issue due to the potential correlation between unobserved determinants of early enrollment decision and children achievement. We measure this effect on schooling achievement in primary and lower secondary schools. We show that early enrollment in preelementary school improves cognitive and noncognitive skills at age six, and both literacy and numeracy from the third to the ninth grades.
    Keywords: cognitive and noncognitive skills; human capital; preschool; schooling decision
    JEL: I21 J13
    Date: 2013–05
  2. By: Margherita Balconi (Department of Economics and Management, University of Pavia); Valeria Lorenzi (Dipartimento di Scienze Economico Aziendali, Università di Milano Bicocca, Italy); Pier Paolo Saviotti (INRA GAEL, Univérsité Pierre Mendés-France, Grenoble, France); Antonella Zucchella (Department of Economics and Management, University of Pavia)
    Abstract: This paper addresses the cognitive dimension of proximity/distance in research collaborations of small biotechnology firms. While the theory of optimal cognitive distance assumes learning as motive of collaborations, we suggest that small specialised firms or sub-units of big diversified organizations tend to collaborate with actors endowed with different specific knowledge, with the purpose of accessing rather than acquiring and assimilating the pieces of knowledge they lack. This leads to the expectation of high cognitive distance between collaborators, who however can understand each other since they share the same basic knowledge. We apply this framework to investigate the research collaborations of a sample of Italian biotech firms, using data on the papers co-authored by individuals belonging to different organizations. In order to measure cognitive distance at a very disaggregated level, we introduce an index originally developed by ecologists to measure distance between different species. As expected, most co-publishing partners have high cognitive distance. Moreover, the knowledge accessing motive is also consistent with the finding that even small firms often engage in extensive networks of collaborations with a remarkable variety of actors and do not tend to enlarge their scope over time.
    Keywords: biotech; cognitive distance; knowledge; research collaborations.
    Date: 2013–09

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