nep-neu New Economics Papers
on Neuroeconomics
Issue of 2011‒07‒13
four papers chosen by
Daniel Houser
George Mason University

  1. Moral Emotions and Partnership By Jürgen Bracht; Tobias Regner
  2. Adoption of technology in teaching of language: A critical assessment of Punjabi(mother tongue) By Mandeep, Kaur; Gursharan Singh, Kainth
  3. Determinants of entrepreneurs’ growth intentions. A cognitive style perspective By M. KNOCKAERT; M. DER FOO; T. ERIKSON
  4. Antidepressants and Age By Blanchflower, David G; Oswald, Andrew

  1. By: Jürgen Bracht (University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom); Tobias Regner (Max Planck Institute of Economics, Jena, Germany)
    Abstract: Actual behaviour is influenced in important ways by moral emotions, for instance guilt or shame (see among others Tangney et al., 2007). Belief-dependant models of social preferences using the framework of psychological games aim to consider such emotions to explain other-regarding behaviour. Our study links recent advances in psychological theory on moral emotions to belief-dependant models in economics. We find that - in addition to the positive effect of second-order beliefs and promises - individuals' disposition to guilt (their proneness to respond in an evaluative way to personal transgressions) is an important determinant of kind behaviour. This applies to private as well as public settings.
    Keywords: social preferences, other-regarding behaviour, experiments, psychological game theory, guilt aversion, shame, beliefs, emotions, partnership
    JEL: C70 C91 D82
    Date: 2011–06–28
  2. By: Mandeep, Kaur; Gursharan Singh, Kainth
    Abstract: Mother-tongue plays a paramount role in child’s development. It is the heart and soul of child's education. It is the foundation on which the personality of the child is built. The study of mother- tongue is of dire necessity on psychological, intellectual, emotional and cultural grounds. It is our duty to adopt and adapt mother-tongue as medium of all non-linguistic subjects, thereby making it easy and interesting for the child to learn these subjects. Teachers rarely use teaching technology like multimedia, instructional technology etc. They adopt lecture cum text book method-a boring procedure. Students are made to mug up even stories and poems. Students are passive partners in the learning process. No attempt is made to arouse their creativeness or encourage their self-expression so what they learn is poor learning. This calls for drastic changes. Language learning is a part of education in the wider sense. One of the important causes for the deterioration of the standard of mother-tongue (Punjabi) in Punjab is inadequate provision of teaching aids. In the present study, an attempt has been made to arrive at some precise conclusions.
    Keywords: Punjabi;mother tongue; technology
    JEL: I2 A19
    Date: 2011–04
    Abstract: Despite the vital role high growth firms play in the economy, our understanding of drivers of growth intentions remains limited. We investigate the relation between cognitive styles and an individual’s growth intentions using a sample of 251 researchers at the University of Oslo. Our study indicates that cognitive style, defined as the characteristic way in which an individual processes and evaluates information, solves problems, and makes decisions is a crucial predictor of growth intentions. We find that a planning cognitive style promotes while a knowing cognitive style curbs growth intentions. Further, working experience positively moderates the relationship between a knowing style and growth intentions, with the curbing effects of a knowing cognitive style diminishing as people gain working experience. We discuss implications for academia and practitioners, including entrepreneurs and stakeholders in new ventures.
    Date: 2011–05
  4. By: Blanchflower, David G; Oswald, Andrew (Dartmouth; University of Warwick)
    Abstract: Antidepressants as a commodity have been remarkably little-studied by economists. This study shows in new data for 27 European countries that 8% of people (and 10% of those middle-aged) take antidepressants each year. The probability of antidepressant use is greatest among those who are middle-aged, female, unemployed, poorly educated, and divorced or separated. A hill-shaped age pattern is found. The adjusted probability of using antidepressants reaches a peak -- approximately doubling -- in people?s late 40s. This finding is consistent with, and provides a new and independent form of corroboration of, recent claims in the research literature that human well-being follows a U-shape through life
    Keywords: Well-being; aging; mental health; depression; happiness; Easterlin paradox

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