New Economics Papers
on Neuroeconomics
Issue of 2010‒06‒18
three papers chosen by

  1. Priming Cooperation in Social Dilemma Games By Drouvelis, Michalis; Metcalfe, Robert; Powdthavee, Nattavudh
  2. Schooling and Wage Revisited: Does Higher IQ Really Give You Higher Income? By Deng, Binbin
  3. Rewarding my Self. The role of Self Esteem and Self Determination in Motivation Crowding Theory By Bruno, B.

  1. By: Drouvelis, Michalis (University of York); Metcalfe, Robert (University of Oxford); Powdthavee, Nattavudh (University of York)
    Abstract: Research on public goods mainly focuses its attention on the ability of incentives, beliefs and group structure to affect behaviour in social dilemma interactions. This paper investigates the pure effects of a rather subtle mechanism on social preferences in a one-shot linear public good game. Using priming techniques from social psychology, we activate the concept of cooperation and explore the extent to which this intervention brings about changes in people’s voluntary contributions to the public good and self-reported emotional responses. Our findings suggest that priming cooperation increases contribution levels, controlling for subjects' gender. Our priming effect is much stronger for females than for males. This difference can be explained by a shift in subjects' beliefs about contributions. We also find a significant impact of priming on mean positive emotional responses.
    Keywords: priming, contributions, beliefs, emotional responses, public goods experiments
    JEL: C92 D01 H41
    Date: 2010–05
  2. By: Deng, Binbin
    Abstract: Traditional studies of returns-to-schooling have been generally concerned with several issues like the omitted variable bias, error-in-measurement bias and the endogeneity of schooling. While such inquiries are of much empirical importance, this paper tries to ask a different but non-negligible question: what should be interpreted from the individual ability measure per se in the wage equation? With data from well documented national surveys in the U.S., this paper is able to make a simple but fundamental argument: IQ level per se, holding all other personal characteristics constant, has negligible net effect in determining one’s income level and thus should not be used as the proper measure of the ability we want to quantify in the wage-determining process, i.e., the very ability to earn income.
    Keywords: return to schooling, ability measure, insignificance of IQ, emotional intelligence
    JEL: O15 J24
    Date: 2010–06–09
  3. By: Bruno, B.
    Abstract: The paper aims to reconcile different explanations (and consequences) of the motivation crowding theory in a unique theoretical framework where the locus of control is introduced in a one period maximisation problem and the intrinsic motivation is assumed as an exogenous psychological attitude. The analysis is based on the distinction among different types of objectives of the intrinsic motivation. For each type of objective, the different role of self esteem and self determination mechanisms determine different conditions for crowding out of intrinsic motivation, depending on the self determination sensitivity, its impact on the motivated good and the individual belief about one’s own self.
    Keywords: intrinsic motivation; crowding out; self esteem; self determination
    JEL: D11 D64 J22
    Date: 2010–06

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