nep-net New Economics Papers
on Network Economics
Issue of 2005‒11‒12
five papers chosen by
Yi-Nung Yang
Chung Yuan Christian University

  1. Network effects and regulatory competition By Vermeulen,E.P.M.
  2. Interconnected networks By Bijl,P.W.J. de; Brunekreeft,G.; Damme,E.E.C. van
  3. Strengthening Regulation in Chile: The Case of Network Industries By Luiz de Mello; Alexander Galetovic
  4. Unbundling the local loop : one-way access and imperfect competition By Bijl,P.W.J. de; Peitz,M.
  5. Social Capital in Central and Eastern Europe. A Critical Assessment and Literature Review By Dimitrina Mihaylova

  1. By: Vermeulen,E.P.M. (TILEC (Tilburg Law and Economics Center))
    Date: 2005
  2. By: Bijl,P.W.J. de; Brunekreeft,G.; Damme,E.E.C. van (TILEC (Tilburg Law and Economics Center))
    Date: 2005
  3. By: Luiz de Mello; Alexander Galetovic
    Abstract: Chile’s regulatory framework is working reasonably well. The country’s structural reforms since the 1980s, with the privatisation of utilities and deregulation of product and labour markets, have improved resource allocation and increased the population’s access to basic services, while calling for a comprehensive upgrading of regulatory institutions. At the same time, public-private partnerships (PPPs) are contributing to closing Chile’s infrastructure deficit, particularly in transport. The recurrent cuts in shipments of natural gas from Argentina since 2004 have put additional strain on regulation in the electricity sector to encourage investment in generation and ensure the security of supply. This paper reviews regulatory reform in three network industries (electricity, gas and telecoms), where further liberalisation, particularly in electricity retailing, and improvements in the regulation of telecoms would do much to further improve the business climate. The governance of public-private partnerships can be improved by increasing transparency and accountability in the concession process. In doing so, the government’s exposure to contingent liabilities can be contained. This Working Paper relates to the 2005 OECD Economic Survey of Chile ( <P>Renforcer la réglementation au Chili Le cadre de la règlementation chilienne fonctionne assez bien. Les réformes structurelles depuis les années 80, avec la privatisation des services et la réglementation des marchés des produits et du travail, ont amélioré l'allocation des ressources et augmenté l'accès de la population aux services de base, en même temps que modernisé les institutions de réglementation. Parallèlement, les partenariats public-privé ont contribué à réduire le déficit d'infrastructure du Chili, particulièrement dans les transports. Les coupures récurrentes dans les exportations de gaz naturel de l'Argentine depuis 2004 ont ajouté une contrainte sur la réglementation du secteur d'électricité, qui a encouragé l'investissement dans la production et garanti la sécurité de l'offre. Ce document passe en revue les réformes de la réglementation dans trois industries de réseau (électricité, gaz et télécommunication), dans lesquelles plus de libéralisation, particulièrement concernant la vente de détail de l'électricité, et des progrès dans la réglementation des télécommunications, amélioreraient grandement le climat des affaires. La gouvernance des partenariats public-privé peut-être améliorée en augmentant la transparence et la responsabilité du processus de concession. En faisant ainsi le gouvernement évite de s'exposer à d'éventuels passifs. Ce Document de travail se rapporte à l'Étude économique de l'OCDE du Chili, 2005 (
    Keywords: telecommunications, télécommunications, network industries, réglementation, industrie de réseau, regulations, electricity, gas, électricité, gaz, Chile, Chili
    JEL: D4 H4 K2
    Date: 2005–10–27
  4. By: Bijl,P.W.J. de; Peitz,M. (TILEC (Tilburg Law and Economics Center))
    Date: 2004
  5. By: Dimitrina Mihaylova (Center for Policy Studies, Central European University)
    Abstract: Ever since the 1990s, social capital has attracted attention from social science researchers. With its focus on the importance of intangible resources such as trust, social capital appeared to supplement existing theories of social and economic change. For its early proponents such as Bourdieu, Coleman and more famously, Putnam, social capital could be understood as a critical component in social reproduction, educational achievement and administrative efficiency. Social capital seems especially relevant in Central and Eastern Europe and the countries of the former Soviet Union. Not only does it direct attention to informal networks as ways of getting things done, it also explores how strong ties of personal trust co-exist with low levels of general trust and how this can affect economic and political reform. In terms of its actual policy implications, the conclusions of social capital research have not always been clear and it may be fair to say that expectations have been scaled down since the World Bank declared that social capital to be the missing link. This study offers a critical review of over seventy studies that have applied social capital to developments in Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. The author draws from a variety of social science disciplines as well as including several reports from international organisations. The review investigates five principal fields in which social capital has been used to date and to provides a series of suggestions as to how such research can help encourage institutional and policy innovation.
    JEL: O P
    Date: 2005–11–02

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