nep-mkt New Economics Papers
on Marketing
Issue of 2006‒07‒28
three papers chosen by
Joao Carlos Correia Leitao
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. Ecological Labelling in North-South Trade By Wilhelm Althammer; Susanne Dröge
  2. Sustainable Tourist Development In Italian Holiday Destinations By Cracolici, M. Francesca; Cuffaro, Miranda; Nijkamp, Peter
  3. Price Peer-to-Peer Networks: A Mechanism Design Approach By Oksana Loginova; X. Henry Wang; Haibin Lu

  1. By: Wilhelm Althammer; Susanne Dröge
    Abstract: We investigate in a horizontal product differentiation model with North-South trade the implications of a home bias in consumers' demand for labelled goods. We compare mutual recognition and international harmonisation of ecological labels with respect to firms' profits and welfare. Northern consumers perceive a warm glow from buying green, but have information problems with imported labelled products. Firms differ in labelling costs which could help a Southern firm to compensate for the home bias under mutual recognition. Under harmonisation the home bias disappears. Welfare analysis of harmonised labelling shows that a Southern firm gains from adopting a harmonised label - even if there is "eco-imperialism". Given the specific trade structure in our model, harmonisation is a beneficial regime except for the case that labelling costs reach a specific treshold.
    Keywords: Ecological Labels; Product Differentiation; North-South Trade; WTO Rules
    JEL: F13 F18 L13 Q56
    Date: 2006
  2. By: Cracolici, M. Francesca (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Faculteit der Economische Wetenschappen en Econometrie (Free University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics Sciences, Business Administration and Economitrics); Cuffaro, Miranda; Nijkamp, Peter
    Abstract: This paper argues that tourism will become a major activity in a modern welfare state, which will have serious consequences for environmental sustainability. This issue calls for an assessment of the pros and cons of the ecological efficiency of tourism. We propose an overall efficiency indicator that comprises both a sustainable tourism index and an economic efficiency index. Based on a data set for Italian provinces and using Activity Analysis, a quantitative assessment of the relative position of Italian tourist destination areas is made from the perspective of sustainable tourism.
    Keywords: Activity Analysis; Data Envelopment Analysis; Sustainable Tourism Destination; Tourist Performance
    JEL: L83 Q26
    Date: 2006
  3. By: Oksana Loginova (Department of Economics, University of Missouri-Columbia); X. Henry Wang (Department of Economics, University of Missouri-Columbia); Haibin Lu
    Abstract: AIn this paper we use mechanism design approach to find the optimal file-sharing mechanism in a peer-to-peer network. This mechanism improves upon existing incentive schemes. In particular, we show that peer-approved scheme is never optimal and service-quality scheme is optimal only under certain circumstances. Moreover, we find that the optimal mechanism can be implemented by a mixture of peer-approved and service-quality schemes.
    Keywords: peer-to-peer networks, mechanism design.
    JEL: D82 C7
    Date: 2006–07–19

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