nep-mig New Economics Papers
on Economics of Human Migration
Issue of 2024‒04‒29
four papers chosen by
Yuji Tamura,  La Trobe University

  1. Origin country conflict and immigrant physical health By Compton, Ryan A.; Craig, Andrea N.; Heger, Dörte; Skogstad, Karl
  2. Public Attitudes Towards Immigration in Canada: Decreased Support and Increased Political Polarization By Mohamadian, Mehdi; Javdani, Mohsen; Heroux-Legault, Maxime
  3. Effects of Relaxing Residence Status for Foreign Workers on Native Residents By Jinno, Masatoshi; Yasuoka, Masaya
  4. An Optimal Allocation of Asylum Seekers By Stark, Oded; Kosiorowski, Grzegorz

  1. By: Compton, Ryan A.; Craig, Andrea N.; Heger, Dörte; Skogstad, Karl
    Abstract: Using multiple waves of Statistics Canada's Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) linked with the Longitudinal Immigration Database (IMDB), as well as the Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP)/ International Peace Research Institute in Oslo (PRIO) Armed Conflict Dataset, we examine the effect of exposure to pre-migration conflict on the post-migration physical health outcomes of immigrants to Canada. Our results demonstrate that immigrants from conflict zones face unique physical health challenges that continue post-migration. Better understanding these challenges will help health policy makers and providers to better respond to the needs of people migrating from these regions of the world.
    Abstract: Wir kombinieren Daten des Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) von Statistics Canada mit der Longitudinal Immigration Database (IMDB) sowie dem Armed Conflict Dataset des Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP)/International Peace Research Institute in Oslo (PRIO), um die Auswirkung gewaltsamer Konflikte vor der Migration auf die körperliche Gesundheit von Einwanderinnen und Einwanderern nach Kanada zu untersuchen. Unsere Ergebnisse zeigen, dass Einwanderinnen und Einwanderer aus Konfliktgebieten verstärkt gesundheitliche Probleme haben, die auch nach der Migration bestehen bleiben. Ein besseres Verständnis dieses Zusammenhangs ermöglicht es Gesundheitspolitikern und -anbietern, besser auf die Bedürfnisse von Menschen zu reagieren, die aus Konfliktregionen migrieren.
    Keywords: Conflict, health, refugees, immigrants, Canada
    JEL: I10 J15 D74
    Date: 2024
  2. By: Mohamadian, Mehdi (Provincial Health Service Authority of British Columbia); Javdani, Mohsen (Simon Fraser University); Heroux-Legault, Maxime (University of British Columbia, Okanagan)
    Abstract: We explore the evolution and determinants of attitudes towards immigration in Canada, utilizing Canadian Election Studies surveys from 1988 to 2019. Our analysis indicates a notable trend: a consistent decrease in anti-immigrant sentiments until the mid-2000s, followed by a shift around 2008 towards gradually more negative attitudes towards immigration. To better understand the factors influencing these attitudes, we examine a comprehensive set of variables. While economic factors seem to have some association with these attitudes, our findings more significantly underscore the role of group-level socio-psychological factors. Additionally, our analysis identifies an emerging polarization along political party lines beginning around 2006. Assessing the relative impact of these factors, our analysis suggests that political party identification has become increasingly significant in influencing attitudes toward immigration.
    Keywords: public attitudes towards immigration, socio-psychological factors, social identity, immigration
    JEL: J15 D72 Z13
    Date: 2024–04
  3. By: Jinno, Masatoshi; Yasuoka, Masaya
    Abstract: This paper analyzes the impact of accepting foreign workers, not just from the perspective of an increase in imperfect substitute labor supply, but also including the indirect aspect of an increased educational burden due to the expansion of residency rights. The results lead to the conclusion that the conditions for improving the welfare of native residents, due to the increase in the supply of labor that cannot be perfectly substituted, may not only be met through this increase but also may be relaxed owing to labor movement between industries, which is facilitated by the increased educational burden resulting from the easing of residency rights. This indicates that the improvement in the utility of native residents could potentially be achieved under more relaxed conditions.
    Keywords: Foreign workers, Burden of schooling, Substitutability, Complementarity.
    JEL: I28 J6
    Date: 2024–03–28
  4. By: Stark, Oded (University of Bonn); Kosiorowski, Grzegorz (Cracow University of Economics)
    Abstract: We formulate a rule for allocating asylum seekers that is based on the social preferences of the native workers of the receiving countries. To derive the rule, we construct for each country a social welfare function, SWF, where the social welfare of a population is determined both by the population's aggregate absolute income and by the population's aggregate relative income. In a utilitarian manner, we combine the social welfare functions of the countries into a global social welfare function, GSWF. We look for the allocation that yields the highest value of the GSWF. We draw on assumptions that pertain to the manner in which the asylum seekers join the income distribution of the native workers: we consider a case in which the arrival of the asylum seekers has only a minor effect on the absolute income of the native population, and in which following their admission and integration, the asylum seekers join the income distribution of the native population "from below, " namely the incomes of the asylum seekers are lower than the incomes of the low-income native workers. The arrival of asylum seekers can, however, measurably affect the relative incomes of the native population. Our rule states that the share of asylum seekers to be optimally assigned to each country depends only on the aggregate of the income excesses experienced by the native populations in the receiving countries.
    Keywords: asylum seekers, policy formation, relative deprivation, global social welfare, rule of allocation
    JEL: C54 D62 D78 E61 E65 F22 F62 F68 I31 I38 J15 J48 J68 O15
    Date: 2024–03

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