nep-mig New Economics Papers
on Economics of Human Migration
Issue of 2022‒06‒13
four papers chosen by
Yuji Tamura
La Trobe University

  1. Modeling equilibrium responses to climate-induced migration By Jared C. Carbone; Sul-Ki Lee; Yuzhou Shen
  2. Migration Aspirations and Intentions By Matthias Huber; Till Nikolka; Panu Poutvaara; Ann-Marie Sommerfeld; Silke Uebelmesser
  3. Migration and University Education: An Empirical (Macro) Link By Akkoyunlu, Sule; Epstein, Gil S.; Gang, Ira N.
  4. Italy: No country for highly educated immigrant workers By d'Agostino, Giorgio; Pieroni, Luca; Scarlato, Margherita

  1. By: Jared C. Carbone (Department of Economics and Business, Colorado School of Mines); Sul-Ki Lee (Korean Institute for Industrial Economics and Trade); Yuzhou Shen (Department of Economics and Business, Colorado School of Mines)
    Abstract: We construct a quantitative model to simulate the impacts of climate change on U.S. domestic migration patterns. The model consists of an equilibrium framework for modeling counterfactual migration responses and their implications for regional welfare, prices and populations. The model's parameters are estimated using an econometric, locational sorting model, the structural equations of which are a key component of the equilibrium framework. The econometric model is estimated from demographically rich data from the U.S. Census. The parismonious structure of the equilibrium model allows us to incorporate much of this demographic richness in the simulation of the predicted migration flows.
    Keywords: climate change, domestic migration, regional economics
    JEL: D58 Q54 R13
    Date: 2022–05
  2. By: Matthias Huber; Till Nikolka; Panu Poutvaara; Ann-Marie Sommerfeld; Silke Uebelmesser
    Abstract: We carried out two multinational surveys to analyze aspirations and intentions to emigrate, and how these are linked to each other. One survey covered language course participants in 14 countries, and another students in 6 countries. We identify two groups that have been largely neglected in previous research on migration aspirations and intentions: those who intend to migrate permanently without aspirations to do so and those who intend to migrate temporarily. Analyzing main motivations to emigrate shows that discrepancy among women is driven mainly by family, and among men by work and studies.
    Keywords: international migration, migration choice, temporary migration, permanent migration, aspirations, intentions, multinational survey
    JEL: F22 D91 J16
    Date: 2022
  3. By: Akkoyunlu, Sule (University of Bern); Epstein, Gil S. (Bar-Ilan University); Gang, Ira N. (Rutgers University)
    Abstract: Distinguishing between short-run and long-run outcomes we provide new insight into the relationship between education and migration. We examine the specific link between the acquisition of high levels of human capital in the form of university education in Turkey and migration to Germany. We implement bounds testing procedures to ascertain the long-run relationships with the variables of interest in a migration model. Although the bounds testing procedure has advantages compared to other methods, it has not been widely implemented in the migration literature. We find a negative and decreasing non-linear long-run and short-run relationship between home country university education and Turkish migration to Germany over 1970-2015. Over the long run, increased higher education reduces emigration flows.
    Keywords: education, migration, Turkey, Germany
    JEL: C22 F22 F63 I25 I26 O15
    Date: 2022–05
  4. By: d'Agostino, Giorgio; Pieroni, Luca; Scarlato, Margherita
    Abstract: This paper estimates the returns of education on the first generation of immigrants in Italy and measures the education pay gap between immigrants and natives. The analysis, drawn on two comparable cross-sectional surveys conducted by the Italian Institute of Statistics in 2009, shows that an immigrant with a tertiary education degree has a 20% increase in hourly wage compared to immigrant workers with a postsecondary education degree. The absence of a legal recognition of the education degree does not produce any return to education for the immigrants. Relevant differences in educational returns are found between immigrants and natives, with an education wage gap of approximately 61%. These results shed new light on the two channels that may contribute to the wage gap between highly educated immigrants and natives in Italy. The first channel moves behind the heterogeneity of highly educated immigrants with respect to their education quality and comparability and on relevant differences in the formal process of recognition of the education degree. The second channel is linked to the job mismatch of the immigrant workforce.
    Keywords: Immigrant pay gap, High education, Overeducation
    JEL: J15 J24 J31
    Date: 2022

This nep-mig issue is ©2022 by Yuji Tamura. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.