nep-mig New Economics Papers
on Economics of Human Migration
Issue of 2022‒05‒30
three papers chosen by
Yuji Tamura
La Trobe University

  1. Making Integration Work? Facilitating Access to Occupational Recognition and Immigrants’ Labor Market Performance By Anger, Silke; Bassetto, Jacopo; Sandner, Malte
  2. How Middle-Skilled Workers Adjust to Immigration: The Role of Occupational Skill Specificity By Damiano Pregaldini; Uschi Backes-Gellner
  3. Determinants of Remittance Outflows: The Case of Saudi Arabia By Muhammad Javid; Fakhri Hasanov

  1. By: Anger, Silke (Institute for Employment Research (IAB), Nuremberg, Germany ; Univ. Bamberg ; IZA); Bassetto, Jacopo (Institute for Employment Research (IAB), Nuremberg, Germany ; University of Trento); Sandner, Malte (Institute for Employment Research (IAB), Nuremberg, Germany)
    Abstract: "This paper exploits a reform that facilitated the recognition of foreign occupational qualifications for non-EU immigrants in Germany. Using detailed administrative social security and survey data in a dfference-in-differences design, we find that the reform increased the share of non-EU immigrants with occupational recognition by 5 percentage points, raising their employment in regulated occupations (e.g., nurses) by 18.6 percent after the reform. Moreover, despite the large inflow of non-EU immigrants in regulated occupations, we find no evidence that these immigrants had lower skills or that they received lower wages." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))
    Keywords: IAB-Open-Access-Publikation
    JEL: F22 J24 J31 J62
    Date: 2022–05–23
  2. By: Damiano Pregaldini; Uschi Backes-Gellner
    Abstract: We investigate how the adjustment of middle-skilled workers to immigration depends on the specificity of their occupational skill bundles. We combine the 2002 opening of the Swiss labor market to EU workers with register data on the location and occupation of these workers. In comparison to previous studies, we find counterintuitive results: the sudden inflow of EU workers increased the employment of native middle-skilled workers with specific occupational skills and, at the same time, reduced their occupational mobility. These results can be explained by the inflow of EU workers reducing existing skill gaps and alleviating firms' capacity restrictions, thereby improving job-worker matches and reducing the need for occupational changes of native workers.
    Keywords: migration, cross-border workers, occupational skill specificity
    JEL: J15 J24 J62
    Date: 2021–12
  3. By: Muhammad Javid; Fakhri Hasanov (King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center)
    Abstract: International labor migration has played a key role in the development of both advanced and developing countries. Many developing countries in Asia have relied on labor migration, mainly to the oil-rich Gulf region, to reduce both unemployment and poverty (Naseem 2007). Mansoor and Quillin (2006) explain that poverty, unemployment and low wages in developing countries are the main drivers of migration from these countries. Higher wages and the potential for improved standards of living and professional development in resource-rich countries are pull factors for migration.
    Keywords: Agent Based modeling, Analytics, Applied Research, Autometrics
    Date: 2022–05–22

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